EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > SOCIOECONOMICS > INDUSTRIALIZATION
Industrialization can refer to a major shift in manufacturing, from small-scale production by hand to large-scale production by machine. Industrialization is made possible by new technologies, but also by an abundant supply of fuel, such as coal. Industrialization makes manufacturing more energy-intensive and much less labor intensive.
Industrialization leads to the mass production of products, which means
that more goods are available to more people.
Chiras, Daniel D. 1998. Environmental Science. A Systems Approach to Sustainable Development. Wadsworth Publishing Company. Belmont, California.