Close This Window
Parameter Tree:
EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > FROZEN GROUND > PERMAFROST
Definition:
1. (Also called perennially frozen ground, pergelisol, permanently frozen
ground.) A layer of soil or bedrock at a variable depth beneath the surface of
the earth in which the temperature has been below freezing continuously from a
few to several thousands of years. Permafrost exists where the summer heating
fails to descend to the base of the layer of frozen ground. A continuous
stratum of permafrost is found where the
annual mean temperature is below about 5C (23F).

2. As limited in
application by P. F. Svetsov, soil that is known to have been frozen for at
least a century.


Muller, S. W., 1947: Permafrost, or Permanently Frozen Ground, and
Related Engineering Problems,


Hare, F. K., 1951: Compendium of Meteorology, p. 958, and map, p.
956.

Reference:
American Meteorological Society Glossary of Meteorology Online:
http://amsglossary.allenpress.com/glossary
Close This Window