EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > FROZEN GROUND > CRYOSOLS
Soil formed in either mineral or organic materials having permafrost either
within 1 m below the surface or, if the soil is strongly cryoturbated, with 2 m
below the surface, and having a mean annual ground temperature below 0 deg C.
National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). http://nsidc.org