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1. A vegetation assessment of Beaufort Island [K024_1996_1997_NZ_3]
The vegetation at Beaufort Island was assessed and a report written to ICAIR including a description of the area, species present, comparison to other Dry Valley vegetation, the merits of the vegetation ...


2. Analysis of the effects of environmental factors (temperature, light, water content and CO2 concentration) on the photosynthesis activity of two common Antarctic mosses and a cyanobacterial mat in the Taylor Valley [K024_2002_2003_NZ_2]
A detailed study of how the environmental factors temperature, light, water content and carbon dioxide concentration affected photosynthesis of the two common mosses Bryum argenteum and Hennediella ...


3. Analysis of the endolithic communities in the McMurdo Dry Valleys: microclimate, biodiversity, community structure, biomass, photosynthetic activity and genetic diversity [K024_2003_2008_NZ_1]
The photosynthetic activity of endolithic communities at three sites in the Ross Sea Region, including Mt Falconer in the Taylor Valley, Linnaeus Terrace in the Asgard Range, the Nussbaumriegel in ...


4. Assessment of the recovery of damage to mosses (from walking tracks, cores and slab removal) from the Taylor Valley [K024_1989_1990_NZ_3]
It is commonly accepted that mosses in the Dry Valley's grow very slowly. The recovery of mosses was investigated by locating and investigating in detail various damaged sites from previous activity ...


5. Biodiversity survey at Mt Kyffin near the Beardmore Glacier [K024_2002_2003_NZ_4]
A four person party visited an area close to Mt Kyffin on the south side of the Beardmore Glacier and at nearly 84° South latitude. In the 59-60 season the presence of many plants (lichens) and insects ...


6. Chlorophyll a fluorescence and temperature measurements from lichen and mosses buried under snow at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_1999_2000_NZ_2]
Fluorescence (chlorophyll a fluorescence) activity measurements were recorded for selected plants for about three weeks to determine if the photosystems of lichen or mosses are active in differing ...


7. Collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mite (Stereotydius mollis) samples and surveys of the lower Taylor Valley for phylogenetic relationship studies [K024_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Both collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mites (Stereotydius mollis) were surveyed over the entire floor of the lower Taylor Valley with special attention paid to the stream areas and to wet ...


8. Comparative studies of vegetation surveys, maps, species lists and lichen growth rates of the Cape Hallett region (Seebee Hook, Willett Cove and the scree slopes surrounding them) with a 1968 study [K024_1998_1999_NZ_1]
The first botanical work at Cape Hallett was carried out when Hallett Station existed in the early to late 1960s. These studies were used for comparative purposes of vegetation cover and lichen growth ...


9. Comparison of the photosynthetic performance of Umbilicaria species in the Ross Sea region [K024_2002_2003_NZ_3]
The photosynthetic performance of Umbilicaria species was measured under standard conditions in the laboratory and compared with Umbilicaria species from the Taylor Valley and Mt Kyffin.


10. Estimates of growth rates of lichen from photographs of lichen thalli on the Mt Falconer summit and ridge and the Rhone Bench (above Lake Bonney), Taylor Valley [K024_1980_2008_NZ_1]
A small number of lichen thalli on Mt Falconer summit and ridge and the Rhone Bench (above Lake Bonney) were marked and photographed during the 80-81 field season. These plants were refound over subsequent ...


11. Examination of the photosynthetic behaviour (energy content, nutrient content, productivity and acclimation) of mosses and lichens throughout the summer season at Cape Hallett [K024_2004_2006_NZ_2]
A possible sign of climate change is likely to be improved production and growth in plants. The response of net photosynthetic rates were measured on the large areas of relatively uniform moss cover ...


12. Experimental measurements of the effects of the environmental factors (temperature, light, water content and carbon dioxide concentration) on the photosynthesis activity of Antarctic mosses and lichens at Cape Hallett [K024_1998_1999_NZ_2]
A detailed study of how the environmental factors temperature, light, water content and carbon dioxide concentration affected photosynthesis of the two common mosses Bryum argenteum and B. pseudotriquetrum ...


13. GIS mapping of vegetation cover at two specially protected areas; Botany Bay, Granite Harbour and Cape Bird [K024_2007_2008_NZ_2]
The ground cover of vegetation was mapped for the entire ASPA (Antarctic Specially Protected Areas) at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour and at Cape Bird including mosses, lichen and algae. The method for ...


14. Measurements of climate data and the effect of high light and low temperature on the photosynthetic response (photosynthetic gas exchange rates and fluorescence) of mosses and lichens at Granite Harbour [K024_1994_1995_NZ_1]
The winter snowfall (during 1994) was unusually large and the area of Botany Bay was uniformly covered to a depth of 50 to 70cm. Furthermore, air temperatures were low being rarely above -6° C. These ...


15. Measurements of lichen activity (chlorophyll a fluorescence) for an entire year from Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_1999_2000_NZ_3]
A system was established at the back of Botany bay to monitor chlorophyll a fluorescence from a thallus of Umbilicaria aprina continuously through the winter and the next season (lichen activity through ...


16. Measurements of photosynthetic recovery after the winter cold and desiccation at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Three CMS400 photosynthesis systems were used to study the recovery of photosynthetic activity by lichens and mosses rewetted for the first time after the winter at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour.


17. Measurements of the shielding against UVA by protective pigments in the moss Bryum subrotundifolium at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_2000_2001_NZ_2]
A new chlorophyll fluorescence system, UVA PAM allowed the protective shield against UVA radiation to be measured in the moss Bryum subrotundifolium. An area of the moss was heavily shaded for 10 ...


18. Microclimate measurements (air temperature, light levels and relative humidity) near vegetation at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Several data loggers were deployed in and around plants in order to obtain more information of conditions at the plant level to be able to determine if plants performance characteristics are adapted ...


19. Microfauna surveys of the vegetation of the Fryxell Stream flush area, Taylor Valley [K024_1989_1990_NZ_2]
Mosses were sampled from the Canada Glacier flush area, Taylor Valley, for included animals (major groups of microfauna in Antarctica are the protozoa, nematoda, tardigrada and rotifers) to attempt ...


20. Nutrient transfer from penguin colonies to the vegetation at Cape Hallett: A measurement of the transfer of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia [K024_2004_2006_NZ_3]
The transfer of nutrients from marine to terrestrial ecosystems are though to be important for vegetation. The transfer rate of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia from the penguin colonies to ...


21. Photosynthesis, fluorescence and microclimate measurements of several species of mosses and lichens from Botany Bay at Granite Harbour [K024_1991_1992_NZ_1]
The photosynthetic rate of Antarctic mosses and lichens was studied with investigations into the effects of high levels of light radiation and of possible UV effects. The mosses Pottia heimii, Bryum ...


22. Photosynthetic physiology (CO2/O2 exchange, optimum temperature and light levels) of common bryophytes species that grow in the melt streams from glaciers in the Dry Valleys [K024_1979_1980_NZ_3]
Previous work (by Rostofer, 1970) covered the photosynthetic physiology of two common bryophyte species (Bryum antarcticum and B. Argenteum) found in the melt-streams from glaciers in the Dry Valleys ...


23. Plant biodiversity survey of the Cape Hallett region [K024_2004_2006_NZ_1]
Changes in biodiversity (the numbers, types and amount of terrestrial lichens and mosses) are expected to be one signal for environmental change. Better collection techniques, better identification ...


24. Plant biodiversity survey of the Granite Harbour, Darwin Glacier and Cape Crozier regions [K024_2006_2008_NZ_2]
The distribution and identity of lichens, mosses and endolithic algae were examined at sites around Granite Harbour, the Darwin Glacier and Igloo Spur at Cape Crozier to extend sampling of the Ross ...


25. Population genetics of the lichen species Umbilicaria aprina, Umbilicaria decussata and Buellia frigida along a latitudinal gradient in the Ross Sea region [K024_2006_2008_NZ_1]
A latitudinal change in population genetics of selected lichen species was conducted to determine whether these lichen communities have spread along a latitudinal gradient from northern latitudes ...


26. Testing if a greenhouse can be used in Antarctic conditions [K024_1979_1980_NZ_4]
A glasshouse was constructed in the Taylor Valley made out of wood and three sheets of plastic to determine if plants were able to be grown in Antarctic conditions.


27. The distribution and identity of terrestrial plant communities of the Lower Taylor Valley including lichens, mosses, hypolithic and endolithic algae [K024_1989_1990_NZ_4]
In the 1989-1990 season collecting trips were made to the Kukri Hills and to Mt. Falconer to prepare an initial species list of the Lower Taylor Valley. In the 2002-2003 season walking trips were ...


28. The photosynthetic performance (photosynthesis response curves to light and water content at various temperatures) of the pale and dark forms of the lichen Usnea spacelata from Cape Royds [K024_1996_1997_NZ_4]
The photosynthetic performance of the fruticose lichen Usnea sphacelata was measured using advanced, climatised photosynthetic cuvettes at Scott Base. Individuals of the Usnea sp were identified and ...


29. Vegetation mapping of the Fryxell Stream flush, Taylor Valley [K024_1989_1990_NZ_1]
The Frxyell Stream flows into Lake Fryxell in the Taylor Valley. Canada Pond lies upstream of Lake Fryxell adjacent to the Canada Glacier. The Fryxell Stream flush, both the upper flush (flush area ...


30. Vegetation survey in a proposed long-term monitoring site at Castle Rock [K024_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The site, near Castle Rock was delineated in a previous season by another investigator. The area was carefully searched and plants located, identified and as necessary, collected for herbarium and ...


31. Vegetation surveys and trails of a 'tracker' system to allow both topography and plant occurrence to be mapped at Cape Royds [K024_1996_1997_NZ_2]
A species list and vegetation notes of the Cape Royds area was completed. A high density of lichens occurred (eg Usnea sphacelata)at Horseshoe Bay and inland near the ice edge (Caloplaca sp.). A 'tracker' ...


32. Vegetation surveys of Granite Harbour region including Cape Geology, Botany Bay, Kar Plateau, Lion Island, Couloir Cliffs and Flat Iron [K024_1989_2000_NZ_1]
A preliminary survey of the plant life was conducted at Botany Bay and Cape Geology (Granite Harbour) to prepare an initial species list and to assess the general richness of the area (1989-1990). ...


33. GIS analysis, biological samples (soil microorganism, invertebrate and plant), automatic weather station data and vegetation and invertebrate surveys to determine the terrestrial biocomplexity of the McMurdo Dry Valleys - K020_2008_2013_NZ_1 [K020_2008_2013_NZ_1]
The McMurdo Dry Valleys are the largest area of snow-free land in Antarctica. Managers ability to promote and protect these areas would benefit if we knew the biodiversity present and what controls ...


34. A biological reconnaissance of the photoreceptors of invertebrates and fish from the Ross Sea, identifying the micro fauna and flora of Dry Valley lakes and other organism from the Ross Sea region [K022_1977_1978_NZ_1]
A variety of research activities on the organisms in the Ross Dependency was undertaken to determine the biological research potential of the organisms. Most work focused on photoreceptors of different ...


35. A distribution of vegetation survey and an environmental assessment carried out to identify any damage caused by previous occupation of the area by man at Cape Hallett's Specially Protected Area No. 7 [K014_1982_1983_NZ_3]
Specially Protected area No.7 is located at the base of Seabee Spit and comprises two major habitat types: a large flat area interrupted by small hummocks and depressions, and adjoining steep scree ...


36. A feasibility study of marine investigations at Cape Bird: Plankton sampling, water temperature, conductivity and chlorophyll content [K014_1969_1970_NZ_1]
On arrival at Cape Bird it was found that the pack ice had broken early and sampling had to be limited to inshore waters from ice piers with water depths never greater than about 20 feet. Plankton ...


37. A general benthic survey of the Cape Bird region: distribution of sediment types, boundaries of faunal zones, bathymetry and current patterns [K014_1970_1971_NZ_5]
A survey of the region from the ice face to McDonald Beach and to a depth of about 300 meters with regard to distribution of sediment types, boundaries of faunal zones and the general bathymetry of ...


38. A grafting experiment testing the ability of Antarctic sponges to recognise self from non-self tissue and their immune response [K054_1988_1989_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Four sponge species ...


39. A hot house experiment at Cape Bird to determine the effects of microclimate on plant establishment [K052_1982_1983_NZ_5]
A small perspex frame was placed over bare mineral soil adjacent to the mosses in Keble Valley to examine the effects of humidity, temperature and microclimate on plant establishment. Many green ...


40. A mathmatical model of population dynamics to explain changes in biodiversity of microorganisms in ice covered marine environments [K043_2006_2007_NZ_1]
Physical, geographic and biological data were linked into a mathmatical model of population dynamics to integrate and explain the changes in biodiversity of phytoplankton, bacteria and cyanobacteria ...


41. A molecular analysis of penguin and chewing lice coevolution from Adelie (Pygoscelis adeliae) and Emperor (Aptenodytes forsteri) penguins [K029_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Royds (11-12 November, 1999) were captured and checked for chewing lice. Emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) at Cape Crozier (15-16 November, 1999) ...


42. A partitioning experiments to determine the aetiology of x-cell disease [K057_1999_2000_NZ_2]
Captured Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish were placed into an aquarium and partitioned into tanks as all healthy, all x-cell or a mixture of the two. Lengths and weights of all fish were measured and ...


43. A quantitative survey of mosses in the McMurdo Sound region [K042_1976_1977_NZ_3]
A quantitative survey of the ecology of mosses in the McMurdo Sound region was conducted in the 1976/77 field season. Moss was found around streams below the Rhone, Hughes and Calkin Glaciers in the ...


44. A series of experiments to characterize the neuromuscular transmission in Antarctic fishes (Pagothenia borchgrevinki) and the effects of temperature on these reactions [K012_1978_1980_NZ_1]
The low temperature adaptations involved in neuromuscular transmission in Antarctica fish was characterized. An exploratory dissection of Pagothenia borchgrevinki revealed that the inferior oblique ...


45. A study on the siting, establishment and maintenance of territories in the South Polar Skua (Catharacta maccormicki) [K017_1967_1968_NZ_2]
A study of skua territories was conducted by examining siting, establishment and maintenance of territories in two very different conditions including in an area close to the penguins where skuas ...


46. A survey of the density of starfish and sea urchins to determine the grazing pressure of these species on a sponge dominated reef, Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
In order to determine the grazing pressure of starfish and sea urchin species on the benthic community of a reef at Cape Armitage, a survey was made of these species densities. The survey was stratified ...


47. A transplant experiment measuring the effects petroleum derivatives on Trematomus bernacchii from a relatively pristine site and exposing the fish to the waters at Winterquarters Bay and Cape Armitage [K014_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The impact of petroleum derivatives derived from fuel drums dumped into McMurdo Sound during the period before environmental management practices were regarded was examined on fish in Winterquarters ...


48. Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and McCormick skua (Catharacta mccormicki) census of the Cape Bird colony 1974 - 1978 [K014_1974_1975_NZ_4]
A population census of the three Adelie penguin colonies in the area of Cape Bird was carried out over several seasons since 1965, between November and December each year. These counts were conducted ...


49. Adelie penguin and skua census and analysis of stomach contents of adelie penguins from Cape Hallett [K014_1982_1983_NZ_1]
In January-February 1983, a four person party spent five weeks at Cape Hallett, Northern Victoria Land, under the auspices of the New Zealand Committee for the International Survey of Antarctic Seabirds ...


50. Adelie penguin and skua nest monitoring for the effects of human disturbance on nest success [K014_1974_1975_NZ_1]
Observations were made on the behaviour and breeding success of penguins and skuas in areas of the Cape Bird northern colony subject to interference by man. Interferance being taken as the presence ...


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