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1. Behavioural and corticosterone responses of incubating and confined Adelie penguins to model Weddell seal, model leopard seals and a seal bag, Cape Bird, Ross Island 2003-2004 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_10]
Behavioural and corticosterone responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a model Weddell seal, a model Leopard seal and a seal bag were measured by measuring behaviour and collecting blood samples ...


2. Behavioural responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a novel object, Ross Island, 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_7]
The behavioural responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a person standing 1 meter away and to a cardboard shield of similar size to a person also at 1 meter distance were measured to determine ...


3. Change in corticosterone levels and corticosterone response in arriving and departing Adelie penguins at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins were captured at Cape Bird, Ross Island in the 2001-2002 season to measure the effects of fasting on corticosterone responses in penguins departing from the rookery compared with those ...


4. Corticosterone and behavioural responses of emperor penguins to people and confinement, Cape Washington 2004-2005 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_12]
Corticosterone and behavioural responses of emperor penguins were measured in birds that were followed for up to 30 minutes. Blood samples were taken and corticosterone concentrations measured. Penguins ...


5. Corticosterone and behavioural responses to people of arriving and departing penguins temporarily confined, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_5]
The corticosterone and behavioural responses of incubating penguins was measured on incubating adelie penguins in the 2001-2002 season. In the 2002-2003 seasons that study was extended to include ...


6. Corticosterone response of incubating Adelie penguins to the presence of people at Mandible Cirque, North Victoria Land - a rookery previously not visited by people 2004-2005 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_13]
Approximately 20,000 pairs of Adelie penguins nest at Mandible Cirque on the northern Victoria Land Coast. This rookery had not previously been visited by people, providing the chance to compare responses ...


7. Corticosterone response of incubating Adelie penguins to the presence of people, Cape Bird [K034_2001_2005_NZ_2]
The corticosterone and behavioural responses of Adelie penguins to the presence of people was investigated to determine the minimum distance for a person to approach a penguin without initiating a ...


8. Corticosterone responses and body condition of penguins arriving at Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island. 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_3]
With unusual ice conditions around Ross Island as a consequence of the iceberg B15 being stationary north of Ross Island, penguins returning to rookeries had much further to walk than usuall. The ...


9. Corticosterone responses of Emperor Penguins in the Ross Sea Region [K034_2001_2005_NZ_9]
In the 2003-2004 season, 7 emperor penguins were sampled in the McMurdo Sound area. Birds were caught by hand and a single blood sample collected from a vein in the flipper. Each bird was then restrained ...


10. Diesease in Adelie and Emperor Penguins [K034_2001_2005_NZ_11]
Cloacal swabs were taken from Adelie penguins at Cape Crozier and Cape Bird (2003-2004 season) and at Mandible Cirque (2004-2005 season) and from emperor penguins in McMurdo Sound (2003-2004 season) ...


11. Variation in corticosterone responses to handling within and between Adelie penguins, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_4]
Corticosterone responses to handling and behavioural responses to the approach of a person are two responses of adelie penguins to potential stressors. We measured these responses in different birds ...


12. Variation in corticosterone responses within and between individuals of Adelie penguins, Ross Island 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_6]
Corticosterone responses to handling were measured three times at four day intervals in 24 Adelie penguins to quantify variation within and between birds in these responses. Blood samples were collected ...


13. Voluntary approach distance of Adelie penguins to people at Cape Bird, Ross Island 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_8]
The distance that walking Adelie penguins chose to approach people was measured for penguins on the beach at Cape Bird. A person stood in the path of an approaching penguin and then after the bird ...


14. A molecular analysis of penguin and chewing lice coevolution from Adelie (Pygoscelis adeliae) and Emperor (Aptenodytes forsteri) penguins [K029_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Royds (11-12 November, 1999) were captured and checked for chewing lice. Emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) at Cape Crozier (15-16 November, 1999) ...


15. Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and McCormick skua (Catharacta mccormicki) census of the Cape Bird colony 1974 - 1978 [K014_1974_1975_NZ_4]
A population census of the three Adelie penguin colonies in the area of Cape Bird was carried out over several seasons since 1965, between November and December each year. These counts were conducted ...


16. Adelie penguin and skua census and analysis of stomach contents of adelie penguins from Cape Hallett [K014_1982_1983_NZ_1]
In January-February 1983, a four person party spent five weeks at Cape Hallett, Northern Victoria Land, under the auspices of the New Zealand Committee for the International Survey of Antarctic Seabirds ...


17. Adelie penguin and skua nest monitoring for the effects of human disturbance on nest success [K014_1974_1975_NZ_1]
Observations were made on the behaviour and breeding success of penguins and skuas in areas of the Cape Bird northern colony subject to interference by man. Interferance being taken as the presence ...


18. Adelie penguin liver P450 enzymes [K065_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Animlas can be harmed by artificially introduced chemicals either through the food chain or directly. This study aimed to determine how penguins detoxify chemical pollutants they may be exposed to. ...


19. Adelie penguin weights before and after foraging trips from three groups of penguins: control, single egg removed and penned females [K063_1987_1988_NZ_2]
As an index of physiological condition and success of foraging, penguins were weighed early in the season when they were flipper banded and then re-weighed when they returned from their foraging trip. ...


20. Aerial photographs and ground counts for assessing breeding success of Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) rookeries on Ross Island [K122_2004_2005_NZ_4]
In conjunction with aerial photographs of the colonies ground truth counts were made since the 1983-1984 season at the Ross Island colonies. The number of occupied nests, nests with eggs, nests with ...


21. Analysis of animal fat (Weddell Seal, Adelie Penguin and Skua) for DDT concentration [K017_1967_1968_NZ_3]
A special method was designed to test levels of DDT in the fats of Antarctica animals including Weddell seals, Adelie penguins and Skuas.. In this method emphasis was placed on identification of the ...


22. Analysis of blood samples for genetic difference and similarity within and between breeding groups of Adelie penguins and Skuas from Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island [K016_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Prior studies have found little interchange of skuas (Stercorarius maccormicki) and Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) among breeding groups as the majority of breeding birds settle within their ...


23. Analysis of blood samples for hormones circulating in the blood stream of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) in relation to breeding behaviour [K017_1966_1967_NZ_2]
A method for recurrent blood sampling of individual birds was perfected before a close study of the behaviour of a number of banded breeding pairs of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) was conducted ...


24. Analysis of ecstatic calls displays and nest parameters and their importance in Adelie penguin mate attraction, pair bonding and nest success [K019_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Mate recognition of adelie penguins is crucial to their breeding success in such an extreme environment. The importance of male ecstatic display, the role of factors including nest location and size ...


25. Analysis of organochlorine pesticides, PCB's and heavy metals levels in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and South Polar skua (Catharacta maccormicki) carcasses and abandoned eggs [K063_1989_1990_NZ_2]
Skuas as a group have come to be recognized as 'barometers' of environmental health, as their wide range and feeding habits make them ideal for monitoring oceanic pollution. Skua and adelie penguin ...


26. Analysis of samples (cloaca, blood and tissue) from Adelie penguins and Weddell seal samples for influenze viruses from Cape Bird [K251_1985_1986_NZ_1]
There is evidence that some influenza pandemics are caused by influenza viruses which have acquired new antigens from avian viruses. In order to understand the conditions under which antigens are ...


27. Analysis of trachea and cloacal swabs and blood samples for influenza virus and arboviruses in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K014_1978_1979_NZ_4]
In recent years, evidence has accumulated to indicate that epidemic strains of influenza virus have developed from animal strains, including those occurring in birds. Interest in the ecology of influenza ...


28. Behavioral observations, blood and fecal samples taken from Adelie penguins at Shell Glacier and Cape Crozier to detect the impact of human disturbance [K027_2003_2006_NZ_1]
Long term studies of the impacts of human disturbance on adelie penguins using a range of key behavioural, ecological and physiological measures are required to establish logical management regimes ...


29. Behavioural observations (frequency and timing of copulation attempts) and paternity analysis from blood samples to investigate sperm competition of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K063_1993_1998_NZ_1]
Sexual selection theory suggests that males compete for females and females choose males. Sperm competition is one aspect of this competition. There are two possible mechanisms of sperm competition, ...


30. Behavioural observations of nest site selection in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K121_1986_1987_NZ_2]
Virtually all penguins return to their natal rookeries to breed, after spending a couple of years at sea. A majority of young birds of both sexes end up settling within 200 m of their natal nest ...


31. Behavioural observations, recorded calls and breeding parameters as factors influencing the vocal behaviour of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K019_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Factors influencing the development and survival of Adelie penguins were investigated from the Cape Bird colony. The fieldwork focused on aspects of vocal recognition but parental care and chick development ...


32. Body temperature and activity patterns of adelie penguins held in captivity under different light conditions to determine if there is an internal body clock [K123_1987_1988_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins were held in captivity and fitted with implantable body temperature transducers. Measurements were made every 30 minutes of body temperature and activity (orientation, posture, eye ...


33. Census data using aerial photographs on the number of breeding Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at colonies in the Ross Sea Region [K122_1981_2008_NZ_1]
Data are of numbers of breeding pairs of Adelie penguins(Pygoscelis adeliae)in the Ross Sea region colonies counted from aerial photographs. Photographs were taken from either a helicopter or from ...


34. Census data using aerial photographs on the number of breeding Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at colonies in the Ross Sea Region - K122_1981_2012_NZ_1 [K122_1981_2012_NZ_1]
Data are of numbers of breeding pairs of Adelie penguins(Pygoscelis adeliae)in the Ross Sea region colonies counted from aerial photographs. Photographs were taken from either a helicopter or from ...


35. Census of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at the Cape Royds rookery, 22 January, 1985 [K121_1984_1985_NZ_1]
A penguin census (adults and chicks) was conducted in January on the Cape Royds rookery. The number of chicks and adults were counted three times (by two observers for the chicks and one observer ...


36. Cloacal and rectal samples collected from Adelie penguins, south polar skuas and Weddell seals in the Ross Sea region [K029_2005_2006_NZ]
Genetic data has revealed that endemism exists within the microbial world. Antarctica is physically separated from the rest of the world and has a short history of human activity which may appear ...


37. Constant observations of an adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) colony to determine the precise time of nest relief, the duration of foraging trips and the rhythms of behaviour and the levels of hormones in their blood [K121_1984_1986_NZ_1]
The precise time of nest relief, the duration of foraging trips and the rhythms of behaviour were measured by keeping a colony of Adelie penguins under constant observation throughout the breeding ...


38. Genomic Indicators of Climate Chnage - Genetic and isotopic analysis of Adelie penguin tissue from relict colonies at Cape Bird and Cape Royds, Ross Island, Antarctica. [K016_2011_2013_NZ_1]
Our objectives are to identify the molecular basis by which Ad�lie penguins have responded to a -10�C increase in temperature since the last glacial maximum. We will sequence the genomes of a number ...


39. Genomic Indicators of Climate Chnage - Genetic and isotopic analysis of Adélie penguin tissue from relict colonies at Cape Bird and Cape Royds, Ross Island, Antarctica. [K016_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Our objectives are to identify the molecular basis by which Adélie penguins have responded to a -10°C increase in temperature since the last glacial maximum. We will sequence the genomes of a number ...


40. Investigation of levels of endocrine disrupting compounds in the Antarctic environment and food chain [K068_2009_2010_NZ_1]
The study aims to quantify selected emerging Endocrine Disrupting Compounds (EDCs) in sewage, and waters from Antarctica, and to study levels of EDCs in the food chain, including invertebrates, fish, ...


41. Measurements of bill length, body weight, analysis of stomach contents and count of bird movements to and from a colony at Cape Bird to examine feeding behaviour of Adelie penguins [K014_1973_1974_NZ_3]
Weights and bill measurements of 300 adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) leaving the colony and returning from fishing were taken (10 every 2 days) and stomach samples were collected from 17 birds ...


42. Measurements of blood progesterone levels during the breeding season of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) to determine if foraging trips are synchronised [K063_1991_1992_NZ_1]
During the breeding season of adelie penguins, breeding birds undergo periods of fast while their mate is out foraging. A late return by either member of a pair can cause nest failure as late returning ...


43. Measurements of factors affecting the timing of nest relief in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K121_1986_1987_NZ_1]
The timing of nest relief is crucial to the nesting success of adelie penguins. Experiments were conducted to test whether the physiological conditions of the female will determine how long she stays ...


44. Measurements of heart rate, blood oxygenation, redox state of cytochrome oxidase and blood flow in peripheral tissues of Adelie penguins that have been stressed using an infrared spectrometer [K032_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) live and breed in an physiologically demanding environment that requires individual birds to respond rapidly to fluctuating environmental conditions. The physiological ...


45. Measurements of the energy requirements of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) by analysis of blood samples for the turnover rate of injected radioactive water and salts and from analysis of gut contents [K121_1984_1987_NZ_1]
The metabolic rate and energy requirements of penguins was determined by measuring the turnover rates of radioactive body water and salts. Individual birds were banded, weighed and injected with radio-active ...


46. Measurements of the strength of an adult skua and the force required to drag an adelie penguin chick from a colony [K017_1968_1969_NZ_1]
How much force was necessary to drag struggling adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) chicks of different ages from a colony was measured by holding a chick in a harness as they tugged against a spring ...


47. Melatonin levels from blood samples collected from adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) held under different light conditions to investigate the circadian physiology of adelie penguins [K121_1985_1987_NZ_1]
All animals have a biological clock that controls the timing of their daily activities. This internal clock is reset each day to a 24-hour period by the regular cycle of day and night. Animals in ...


48. Mutation and extinction rates in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) populations from fossil bones and blood samples collected from several sites in the Ross Sea Region [K030_2001_2005_NZ_1]
Recent studies on the evolution of mitochondrial DNA in Adelie penguins has found high rates of mutation sparking a major controversy and raising the question of whether evolutionary rates are high ...


49. Nutrient transfer from penguin colonies to the vegetation at Cape Hallett: A measurement of the transfer of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia [K024_2004_2006_NZ_3]
The transfer of nutrients from marine to terrestrial ecosystems are though to be important for vegetation. The transfer rate of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia from the penguin colonies to ...


50. Observations of feeding chase behaviour, attendance patterns and foraging trip durations of adults to determine the function of feeding chase behaviour in adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K063_2004_2006_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins exhibit a unique form of behaviour known as the feeding chase, whereby a parent is chased by its creche aged chicks before feeding them. The brood reduction hypothesis proposes that ...


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