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1. A biological reconnaissance of the photoreceptors of invertebrates and fish from the Ross Sea, identifying the micro fauna and flora of Dry Valley lakes and other organism from the Ross Sea region [K022_1977_1978_NZ_1]
A variety of research activities on the organisms in the Ross Dependency was undertaken to determine the biological research potential of the organisms. Most work focused on photoreceptors of different ...


2. A partitioning experiments to determine the aetiology of x-cell disease [K057_1999_2000_NZ_2]
Captured Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish were placed into an aquarium and partitioned into tanks as all healthy, all x-cell or a mixture of the two. Lengths and weights of all fish were measured and ...


3. A series of experiments to characterize the neuromuscular transmission in Antarctic fishes (Pagothenia borchgrevinki) and the effects of temperature on these reactions [K012_1978_1980_NZ_1]
The low temperature adaptations involved in neuromuscular transmission in Antarctica fish was characterized. An exploratory dissection of Pagothenia borchgrevinki revealed that the inferior oblique ...


4. A transplant experiment measuring the effects petroleum derivatives on Trematomus bernacchii from a relatively pristine site and exposing the fish to the waters at Winterquarters Bay and Cape Armitage [K014_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The impact of petroleum derivatives derived from fuel drums dumped into McMurdo Sound during the period before environmental management practices were regarded was examined on fish in Winterquarters ...


5. An investigation of the x-cell disease in Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish in McMurdo Sound with measurements of condition factor, gut contents, internal organ status and analysis of tissue samples [K057_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The distribution of x-cell disease in Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish in McMurdo Sound and the effects of the disease on the fish was investigated. A series of linear transects were samples close to ...


6. Analysing toxicological impacts of contaminants on Notothenioid fish: Impacts of Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) [K068_2009_2010_NZ_2]
Target species Trematomus benacchii (n=72)from Cape Evans were collected live for the purpose of conducting a dose-response experiment in New Zealand on the live fish. Fish were dosed with different ...


7. Analysis of activity levels and oxygen consumptions of the Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchii to determine if they have a circadian rhythm [K057_2004_2005_NZ_1]
Antarctic fish live in an environment with high seasonality, where levels of sunlight in the summer are up to 24 hours a day and in total darkness during the winter. Fish were monitored to determine ...


8. Analysis of bottom sediment and water samples near Scott Base to determine the effects of effluents on the marine environment [K012_1994_1995_NZ_3]
The effects of Scott Base effluents on the marine environment was investigated by collecting bottom sediments and water samples on both side of the pressure ridges at Pram Point, near Scott Base. ...


9. Analysis of brain and muscle tissues for activities of the enzyme acelylcholinesterase from the Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchiicollected from polluted and pristine sites [K014_1996_1997_NZ_2]
The effect of human impacts on fish physiology was investigated by determining whether environmental pollutants impacted upon physiological functioning of the neuromuscular system thereby potentially ...


10. Analysis of the community structure of subtidal reefs at Cape Armitage (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sediment spicule mat depth, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1987_1989_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Other sites were ...


11. Analysis of the reef slope community structure at Pram Point (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sponge reproduction, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The reef community at Cape Armitage was surveyed over two seasons (1987/88 and 1988/89). This community exists on a fan like shallow slope platform. In the same season, Pram Point was initially assessed ...


12. Analysis the diet of Pagothenia borchgrevinki from stomach contents and plankton sampling near Scott Base [K012_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Samples of 20 fish of Pagothenia borchgrevinki were collected every second or third day over the course of the study period near Scott Base. The stomach contents of each fish were extracted, weighed ...


13. Anatomical and physiological adaptations in Antarctic fishes [K022_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Dermal and epidermal chromatophore tissue of two species of fishes (Pagothenia borchgrevinki and Trematomus bernacchii) were prepared for light and transmission electron microscopy. Some specimens ...


14. Anatomical studies of the development of the eyes and lateral line system and sensory regions of the brain to test the ontogenetic shift hypothesis in the Antarctic fish Pleurogramma antarcticum [K012_1995_1996_NZ_1]
The notothenioid fish were found to have adapted to the low light conditions of under fast ice and during the Antarctic winter with well developed mechanosensory lateral line system that allows them ...


15. Assessment of the impact of human activities on Trematomus bernacchii (a representative of the Antarctic fauna) by analysis of pollutants in bile and the amount of induction of a gene that produces a detoxifying enzyme [K014_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The impact of human activities in Antarctica on the local fauna was investigated by developing and applying biochemical and molecular genetic techniques to the assessment of the impact of by-products ...


16. Blood buffering capacity of muscles of the Antarctic fish Dissostichus mawsoni, Pagothenia borchgrevinki, Trematomus centronotus, P. macropterus and Rhigophila dearborni [K012_1986_1987_NZ_2]
Temperature is an environmental factor which has profound effects on both aerobic and anaerobic activities. During aerobic activity, hydrogen ions from acidic metabolites are consumed by oxidative ...


17. Blood samples analysed for albumin to determine if the lack of this protein serum is common to the Notothenioid fish group [K066_2001_2002_NZ_1]
One species of Antarctic Notothenioid fish was found to lack the common blood protein serum albumin. It was investigated if this was common to all notothenioid fish. In addition, if this blood protein ...


18. Changes in haematocrit, chloride concentrations and osmolarity of Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish exposed to 10°C water for 10 minutes [K057_1987_1988_NZ_4]
The affects of acute increase in temperature on haematocrit and on the ionic and osmotic homeostasis of Pagothenia borchgrevinki was investigated. Fish were captured and placed in aquariums at a temperature ...


19. Collection of Antarctic fish leeches from McMurdo Sound [K014_2009_2010_NZ_2]
Samples of Antarctic Trematomid fish leeches were fixed in alcohol and returned to New Zealand for identification and analysis.


20. Collection of Antarctic fish leeches from McMurdo Sound - K014_2009_2012_NZ_2 [K014_2009_2012_NZ_2]
Samples of Antarctic Trematomid fish leeches were fixed in alcohol and returned to New Zealand for identification and analysis.


21. Collection of benthic Antarctic fishes to determine isopod ectoparasite species distribution and host specificity and collection of specimens for a museum reference collection [K012_1981_1982_NZ_2]
142 specimens of small benthic fishes were captured at Cape Royds and examined for ectoparasites. Where practical, fishes with isopod ectoparasites were retained to obtain additional information on ...


22. Contraction rates of muscles and measurements of the input and output parameters of the vestibulo-ocular reflex action in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki [K012_1984_1985_NZ_2]
In order to fully describe the input and output parameters of the vestibulo-ocular reflex, simultaneous recordings are required of head movement, sensory input from the semicircular canals, motor ...


23. Determination of the development rate of the choroid rete, the visual behaviour, the effect of stress on visual behaviour and the metabolice response of two Antarctic fish to exercise stress [K012_2000_2001_NZ_1]
In Antarctic fish, retinal function is critically dependent on oxygen supply and in some fishes additional oxygen can be unloaded through a choroid rete at the back of the retina. The relative development ...


24. Early life stages in the life cycle of Antarctic silverfish, Pleuragramma antarcticum [K012_1998_1999_NZ_1]
Mature eggs were expressed from a gravid icefish at Terra Nova Bay and fertilized successfully in vitro. Development was followed for about 15 days, but was curtailed by the end of the season. Development ...


25. Electroretinograms, retina analysis, behavioural observations and gut content and clearance rate of notothenioid Antarctic fish to determine the importance of visual function in feeding [K012_1987_1988_NZ_1]
The visual function in Pagothenia borchgrevinki was investigated in relation to their feeding by relating feeding with the vertical stratification of zooplankton and then determining their visual ...


26. Estimates of the amount of neuromuscular transmitter released by motor nerve terminals at different temperatures in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki [K012_1982_1983_NZ_3]
The number of quantal doses of acetylcholine released by a nerve to activate a muscle can be estimated by recording repeated responses (end plate potentials of EPPs) to nerve stimulation and calculating ...


27. Estimates of the population density of Trematomus bernacchii at Cape Roberts and Cape Evans [K012_2000_2002_NZ_1]
The population density of the bottom dwelling Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchii was estimated using the mark and recapture method and underwater video surveillance. Two sites were fished over two ...


28. Examination of the ability of the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki to withstand hypoxic conditions, their ability to recover and the potential for lactate as an end product of metabolism during hypoxia [K057_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Fish muscle was not found to produce lactic acid as an end product of anaerobic metabolism during high speed swimming. However, analysis of the enzymes involved in anaerobic metabolism, particularly ...


29. Fish tissue samples for use in phylogenetic and phylogeographic studies of notothenioid fish [K066_2001_2006_NZ_1]
Antarctica has been a frozen continent for about the last 15-20 million years. In that time, the notothenioid fish have become the dominant group of fish with about 100 new species appearing in the ...


30. Food chain investigations at White Island: seal survey, seasonal trends in phytoplankton populations, ocean environmental factors, zooplankton biomass and fish diet, age and growth studies [K014_1976_1977_NZ_1]
A population of Weddell Seals at White Island (some 20km from the edge of the Ross Ice Shelf) was/is thought to be a sub-population that does not migrate to the pack ice in the non-breeding season ...


31. Haemotological characterization of Antarctic fish blood from Antarctic fish and the giant isopod [K012_1978_1980_NZ_2]
Blood samples were taken from 8 Antarctic Notothenioids (e.g. Pagothenia borchgrevinki, Trematomus hansoni, T. centronotus, T. bernacchii, T. newnesi, Dissostichus mawsoni) and one species each of ...


32. Investigation of catchecholamine release from blood samples after different stress conditions in the three Antarctic fish; Pagothenia borchgrevinki, Trematomus bernacchii and T. centronotus [K057_1998_1999_NZ_2]
Under certain conditions, catecholamines (stress hormones) are released into the blood system of Antarctic fish. Under what conditions these hormones are released, the time course for recovery back ...


33. Investigation of the cardiovascular control of notothenioid fish (Pagothenia borchgrevinki and Trematomus bernacchii) [K057_1992_1993_NZ_1]
It has been shown that under stress, red blooded notothenioids increase their haematocrit by contracting the spleen thus releasing red blood cells and increasing the heart rate. The increase in heart ...


34. Investigation of the cardiovascular system of a member of the Bathydraconidae, the dragonfish, Gymnodraco acuticeps [K057_1999_2000_NZ_3]
The Antarctic dragon fish, Grymnodraco acuticeps, was capture opportunistically from McMurdo Sound. The characteristics of its cardiovascular system were investigated, including heart rate and aortic ...


35. Investigation of the relationship of the fish population with their associated benthos community (population counts, activity and stomach content) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The relationship between the benthos and fish populations associated with it was investigated. Fish counts, fish behaviour and samples of fish were collected. Four 5m x 2m transects were surveyed ...


36. Investigation of the role of anti-freeze glyco-proteins in the circulation system of Antarctic fish [K014_2009_2010_NZ_1]
In order to investigate how Antarctic fish deal with ice in their blood circulatory system, Trematomus bernacchii and Pagothenia borchgrevinki Antarctic fish were captured for experimental investigation. ...


37. Investigation of the role of anti-freeze glyco-proteins in the circulation system of Antarctic fish - K014_2009_2012_NZ_1 [K014_2009_2012_NZ_1]
In order to investigate how Antarctic fish deal with ice in their blood circulatory system, Trematomus bernacchii and Pagothenia borchgrevinki Antarctic fish were captured for experimental investigation. ...


38. Investigations of haematological parameters, the level of red cell ATP and blood lactate in the blood of resting and exercising Antarctic fish at cold and warm temperatures [K012_1977_1978_NZ_2]
The level of adenosine triphosphate in fish blood and its role in regulating oxygen uptake by fish haemoglobins was examined. Various haematological parameters, red cell ATP and blood lactate were ...


39. Investigations of the neurobiology of the lateral line sensory system and its use in feeding and behaviour in Antarctic fish [K012_1989_1992_NZ_1]
The anatomy, physiology and behaviour of Antarctic fishes and their use of the lateral line sensory system was investigated over three field seasons. Methodologies for comparing lateral line function ...


40. Lipid transport, lipid metabolism and cold adaptation in Antarctic notothenioid fish [K058_2005_2008_NZ_1]
Fish species of the suborder Notothenioidei are morphologically distinct in that they lack a swim bladder. To compensate, high levels of tissue lipids aid in maintaining buoyancy. The lipids also ...


41. Liver samples collected for investigations of enzyme activity of Glutathione-s-transferase in the Antarctic fish Dissostichus mawsoni and Pagothenia borchgrevinki [K042_1983_1984_NZ_2]
The level of the detoxication system in Antarctic fish from the enzyme glutathione-s-transferase was tested. Samples of liver from the Antarctic fish Dissostichus mawsoni and Pagothenia borchgrevinki ...


42. Mark and recapture study of Trematomus bernacchii at Cape Royds [K012_1981_1982_NZ_3]
A mark and recapture study of Trematomus bernacchii was proposed for the Cape Royds area to estimate population size and degree of mobility within the population. Fish were tagged with color coded ...


43. Measurement and comparison of miniature end plate currents between notothenioid Antarctic fish species [K012_1998_2000_NZ_2]
To determine if cold-adaptation of neuromuscular ion currents, as reported for Mini End Plate Currents (MEPCs) of one Antarctic fish species, Pagothenia borchgrevinki is a widespread feature of ther ...


44. Measurement of the effects of pH and temperature on the oxygen binding properties (oxygen affinity) and ATP concentrations in whole blood of Antarctic fish [K012_1982_1983_NZ_1]
Many Antarctic fishes have taken advantage of the combination of low oxygen requirements and high availability of oxygen by reducing the number of erythrocytes and the amount of intracellular haemoglobin. ...


45. Measurement of the vibrations the sensory neurons of the anterior lateral line can detect in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki in relation to prey detection [K012_1985_1986_NZ_2]
A study of predator-prey interaction was focussed into an investigation of non-visual sensory interaction between Pagothenia borchgrevinki and its prey. Recordings were made from sensory neurons of ...


46. Measurements of blood pressure, heart rate, blood flow, PO2 and oxygen content of blood and examination of the heart of Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki with x-cell disease and healthy fish [K057_2000_2002_NZ_1]
The presence of x-cell disease in Antarctic fish, a disease that affects the gills by producing lesions on the gill tissue, has been shown to affect the ability of the fish to take up oxygen and can ...


47. Measurements of burst swimming performance of five species of Antarctic fish [K057_1998_1999_NZ_6]
Individuals of the Antarctic fish species Pagothenia borchgrevinki, Termatomus bernacchii, T. hansoni, T. Nicolai and Gymnodraco acuticeps were collected from several locations in McMurdo Sound and ...


48. Measurements of cardiovascular physiology of the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki and Trematomus bernacchii acclimatized to -1°C and +4°C [K057_2003_2007_NZ_1]
Evolutionary theory predicts that specialisation to a narrow set of environmental conditions will lead to a decreased capacity for phenotypes to change in response to environmental variability. This ...


49. Measurements of heart rate, blood pressure, ventral aortic pressure, systolic and diastolic pressure in the hearts of healthy and x-cell diseased Antarctic fish, Pagothenia borchgrevinki [K057_1998_1999_NZ_3]
The effect of x-cell disease on the heart of an Antarctic fish (Pagothenia borchgrevinki) was investigated in resting and exercised fish to examine the ability of the heart to supply blood to the ...


50. Measurements of heart rate, ventilation rate and metabolic rate of Trematomus bernacchii. [K057_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Measurements of heart rate, ventilation rate and metabolic rate of Trematomus bernacchii subjected to elevated temperatures, including recovery from exercise and tolerance to hypoxia. The primary ...


Showing 1 through 50 of 111 Next

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