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1. The degree that UV-B absorbing compounds provide UV-R protection in embryos and larvae of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri: A comparison with adults [K068_2002_2003_NZ_1]
The degree that UV-B absorbing compounds provide UV-R protection was examined in four early developmental stages of the sea urchine Sterechinus neumayeri from Cape Armitage, McMurdo Sound. Adult Sterechinus ...


2. A feasibility study of marine investigations at Cape Bird: Plankton sampling, water temperature, conductivity and chlorophyll content [K014_1969_1970_NZ_1]
On arrival at Cape Bird it was found that the pack ice had broken early and sampling had to be limited to inshore waters from ice piers with water depths never greater than about 20 feet. Plankton ...


3. A mathmatical model of population dynamics to explain changes in biodiversity of microorganisms in ice covered marine environments [K043_2006_2007_NZ_1]
Physical, geographic and biological data were linked into a mathmatical model of population dynamics to integrate and explain the changes in biodiversity of phytoplankton, bacteria and cyanobacteria ...


4. Aeolian sediment in snow and on sea ice in Western in McMurdo Sound, and the Nansen Ice Shlelf in Terra Nova Bay, Antarctica [K001D_2010_2012_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
To quantify the distribution, composition and overall flux of aeolian (windblown) sediment that accumulates on Ice shelves and annual sea ice in the SW Ross Sea region and is subsequently released ...


5. Algal response to transplantation with a ice core flipping experiment, Terra Nova Bay, Ross Sea [K043_2006_2008_NZ_2]
Three ice cores were drilled in sea ice (2.1 m thick) in the region of Gondwana Station in Terra Nova Bay during the 06-07 season. The cores were stored in black plastic bags and then replaced back ...


6. An ecological study of Penguin Pond, Green Lake and Harrison Lake at Cape Bird: measurement of water chemistry, water parameters and flora and fauna investigations [K014_1973_1974_NZ_2]
Three lakes were selected for ecological study at Cape Bird. Penguin Pond was sampled twice weekely and measurements were taken for light intensity, temperature, oxygen, pH, chlorinity, alkalinity, ...


7. Biomass, productivity and diurnal migration of marine plankton in shallow waters at Cape Bird [K014_1973_1974_NZ_1]
The phytoplankton and zooplankton in shallow water at Cape Bird was investigated. Samples were taken at intervals of 4 days from early December to late January in plastic buckets from the fast ice ...


8. Chlorophyll measurements, cell counts, species identifications in sea ice. DNA, RNA samples in RNAlater [K043_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Cape Evans : Measurements of chlorophyll a per sq m, from 10cm sections of sea ice from the bottom middle and top of ice cores, Samples also taken for cell counts, species identifications, DNA,RNA ...


9. Community composition survey at Terra Nova Bay with similar samples collected at Cape Evans Cape Armitage and Turtle Rock [K043_2008_2012_NZ_5]
Five ice cores were collected from Terra Nova bay in the vicinity of Gondwana station. From each core the top, middle and bottom sections were sectioned and processed as described earlier. In addition, ...


10. Community composition survey at Terra Nova Bay with similar samples collected at Cape Evans and Cape Armitage [K043_2008_2009_NZ_5]
Five ice cores were collected from Terra Nova bay in the vicinity of Gondwana station. From each core the top, middle and bottom sections were sectioned and processed as described earlier. In addition, ...


11. Distribution of meroplankton in Granite Harbour in proximity to a glacier [K018_2009_2010_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a 4 x 3 grid (100m apart) centred around S 77o00.910’; E 162o 58.978’ between 21 Nov 2009 - 26 Nov 2009 to determine if there is a different larval community at different ...


12. Food chain investigations at White Island: seal survey, seasonal trends in phytoplankton populations, ocean environmental factors, zooplankton biomass and fish diet, age and growth studies [K014_1976_1977_NZ_1]
A population of Weddell Seals at White Island (some 20km from the edge of the Ross Ice Shelf) was/is thought to be a sub-population that does not migrate to the pack ice in the non-breeding season ...


13. Investigation of the plankton composition at Edisto Inlet, 1968-69 [K017_1968_1969_NZ_2]
Sampling for vertical migrants of plankton over periods of 24 hours in Edisto Inlet was conducted to determine the effects of continuous low light intensity under the ice on the migration structure. ...


14. Investigations into the Deep Chlorophyll Maximum Layer of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley: How is the DCM established and maintained? [K081_1994_1996_NZ_2]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley, have risen at a rate of 1m per year. Within the lake there is a biologically important layer, the deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM), where high algal production ...


15. Investigations into the Deep Chlorophyll Maximum Layer of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley: How is the DCM maintained at a constant depth in spite of lake level rise? [K081_1994_1996_NZ_1]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley, have risen at a rate of 1m per year. Within the lake there is a biologically important layer, the deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM), where high algal production ...


16. Measurements of the amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto sea ice and the effects of enhanced UV radiation levels on sea ice algae [K136_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Sea ice algae are speculated to be considerably vulnerable to the effects of enhanced UV from the ozone hole during the Antarctic spring. The amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto the sea ...


17. Measurements of the effects of UV-B on sea ice algal growth and productivity [K131_1994_1998_NZ_4]
The effects of UV-B on the growth and productivity of sea ice algae was investigated with two experiments. The growth of sea ice algae was investigated in situ under four different light treatments ...


18. Measurements of the tide level, current, temperature and salinity of McMurdo Sound and examination of the biological biomass in the water column [K007_1970_1974_NZ_1]
A measurement of the tides and currents in McMurdo Sound was conducted over several seasons. Current measurements were first made in McMurdo Sound by Hodgson (1907) during the stay of the Discovery ...


19. Microscopic examination of marine organisms (larger than 45 µm) collected from the sea ice, brine and water column in McMurdo Sound and the Ross Sea [K131_2001_2002_NZ_1]
Large marine organisms, specifically foraminifers and copepods, were collected from the sea ice, brine and water column from thin ice north of Beaufort Island at the beginning of the warming period ...


20. Obtaining action spectrum and biological weighting functions for UVR effects on larvae of a suite of Antarctic invertebrates, McMurdo Sound [K068_2004_2006_NZ_1]
The effect of UVR on biological systems is wavelength dependent. Action spectrum for DNA damage is an essential component of understanding the effects of increased UVB on a range of Antarctic invertebrate ...


21. Pelagic ecosystem investigations of McMurdo Sound: plankton species composition and density, ocean environmental factors, levels of seston, bacteria analysis and ice algae composition [K014_1979_1980_NZ_1]
Comparisons of water column productivity and processes was completed by comparing 4 sites including on the edge of the McMurdo Ice Shelf some 12km west of Cape Armitage, off Scott Base on the east ...


22. Plankton and epibenthos sampling from Cape Bird for the University of Canterbury collection and studies [K014_1976_1977_NZ_2]
Epibenthos samples were taken at 2100 each night from the 25 November until the 17 December, 1976 of the plankton and epibenthos immediately adjacent to the shore in front of the wet lab stationed ...


23. Plankton investigations in the Ross Sea in relation to seawater parameters [K014_1970_1971_NZ_6]
Plankton and water was sampled from a site at Cape Bird and the parameters measured include: salinity, light, temperature, biomass of zooplankton and phytoplankton, species identification of zooplankton ...


24. Planktonic community structure and species interactions in melt ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and at Cape Bird [K083_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Depth integrated water samples were taken from 20 ponds near Bratina Island on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and 6 ponds from Cape Bird to characterise the planktonic community structure of the ponds and ...


25. Predicting contaminant impacts at Lake Vanda, Antarctica [K094_1995_1997_NZ_1]
Samples of water, phytoplankton, sediment, soil and bacterial mat were sampled from Lake Vanda and the old Vanda station site, in order to determine the fate of trace metal contaminants and their ...


26. Production and succession investigations of phytoplankton and zooplankton from onshore, tidecrack, ice floes and epibenthic samples at Cape Bird [K014_1977_1978_NZ_1]
The phytoplankton and zooplankton was samples at Cape Bird to determine seasonal trends in the populations structure of onshore communities, determine if a separate tidecrack community exists, the ...


27. Sea ice productivity in the Mertz Glacier Region [K043_2002_2004_NZ_1]
Eastern Antarctic sea ice algal biomass were measured in the spring of 2002, 2003 and 2004. Productivity was measured by 14C in 2002 and by oxygen electrodes in 2002 and 2004. Biomass was low, in ...


28. The ability to photorepair UV damaged DNA and the rate of photoreactivation in Antarctic species compared with temperate and tropical species [K068_2004_2006_NZ_2]
Time course experimental exposure of the Antarctic sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeriembryos to UVR was carried out in a lab to examine the kinetics of UVR induced damage to DNA. Embryos (freshly fertilized ...


29. The ability to photorepair UV damaged DNA and the rate of photoreactivation in two Antarctic Starfish Odontaster validus and Odontaster meridionalis compared with a New Zealand species Odontaster benhami [K068_2004_2006_NZ_3]
Photorepair rates in New Zealand temperate species of echinoderms show a much higher DNA photorepair than the Antarctic species Sterechinus neumayeri. To examine the reason for low rates of DNA photorepair ...


30. The activity and expression of DNA repair/photoreactivation with the enzyme photolyase in the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri, McMurdo Sound [K068_2003_2004_NZ_1]
An important aspect of understanding the impact of increased UVR is assessing the ability of Antarctic species to repair DNA damaged through the process of photoreactiviation or photorepair. To repair ...


31. The bacterial biomass of sea ice from Seabees Hook, Cape Hallett region [K043_2003_2005_NZ_2]
A taxonomic assessment of sea ice bacteria abundance and their response to climate induced stress was investigated from the sea ice around Seabee Hook, Cape Hallett. Four sites at different points ...


32. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria in Granite Harbour and the physical parameters of their environment [K043_2008_2009_NZ_2]
The total biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria from the sea ice and the water column was investigated in Granite Harbour. Sampling sites in the Granite Harbour area were used ...


33. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria in Terra Nova Bay and the physical parameters of their environment [K043_2006_2008_NZ_1]
The total biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria from the sea ice and the water column was investigated in Terra Nova Bay. Sampling sites in the Terra Nova Bay area were used ...


34. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae in the Cape Hallett region [K043_2003_2005_NZ_1]
The distribution and biodiversity of algae was assessed to enable possible future predictions of the effects of global warming. Sites (5 in the first season, 4 in the second) were established around ...


35. The biomass, productivity, physiology and grazing pressures of phytoplankton during the polar winter in the Ross Sea region [K043_2007_2008_NZ_1]
What happens to primary production during the long polar night was investigated in the Ross Sea region. Phytoplankton samples were obtained from the water column at Cape Armitage and Cape Evans. Phytoplankton ...


36. The cryopelagic meroplankton community of Gerlache Inlet (2006-2007 season) [K018_2006_2008_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Cryopelagic (directly under the ice) plankton samples were collected in Gerlache Inlet about 1 km to the south of Gondwana Station. A 0.5 m diameter circular fixed-frame plankton net (125µm mesh) ...


37. The cryopelagic meroplankton community of Gerlache Inlet (2007-2008 season) [K018_2006_2008_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
Cryopelagic (directly under the ice) plankton samples were collected in Gerlache Inlet about 1 km to the south of Gondwana Station. Samples were collected at 1m and 5m depth below the sea ice with ...


38. The depth distribution of meroplankton in the water column of Cape Hallett [K018_2003_2005_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site (72° 18.412' S, 170° 11.290' E) off Seabee Hook, Edisto Inlet, Cape Hallett during the 04-05 season to determine if there is a different larval community at ...


39. The depth distribution of meroplankton in the water column of Gerlache Inlet [K018_2006_2008_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site (74° 38.474' S, 164° 12.473' E) between 14 Nov 2007-06 Dec 2007 about 1 km to the south of Gondwana Station during the 07-08 season to determine if there is ...


40. The depth distribution of meroplankton in the water column of Granite Harbour [K018_2009_2010_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site (S 77o00.725’; E 162o 53.046’) between 27 Nov 2009 - 01 Dec 2009 about 1 km to the south of Granite Harbour Camp during the 09-10 season to determine if there ...


41. The direct effects of UV radiation on embryo and larval development and survival, and DNA damage of Sterechinus neumayeri [K068_2002_2006_NZ_2]
Gastrulation is a critical point in the development of an embryo. Damage to embryos prior to gastrulation via UVR effects on cytokinesis or DNA will have a dramatic negative effect on embryo survival. ...


42. The distribution and abundance patterns of meroplankton in the Ross Sea region [K018_2002_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The pelagic community of the Ross Sea consists of a permanent component (=holoplankton) and a temporary component which is primarily made up from the larval stages of benthic marine invertebrates ...


43. The distribution of zooplankton in McMurdo Sound - interannual variation, spatial variation and depth stratification [K014_1990_1991_NZ_1]
Building on previous studies of zooplankton distribution and abundance, a programme was planned to i) augment the interannual variability off Scott Base, ii) assess variability in surface waters on ...


44. The effects of UVB on growth and productivity and photoadaptations of bottom ice algae at Cape Evans, McMurdo Sound [K136_1999_2002_NZ_1]
Sea ice hosts a large community of algae which is released into the food chain when the ice melts. The sea ice algae grow rapidly in the Antarctic spring at a time that coincides with the ozone hole ...


45. The effects of increased PAR and UV on the xanthophyl cycle of Antarctic ice algae [K068_2005_2006_NZ_1]
The xanthophyll cycle is a photo-protection mechanism in phytoplankton which protects the photosynthestic machinery from damage by high light intensities. Sea ice algae in Antarctica live on the ...


46. The fundamental physiology and biology processes of Sterechinus neumayeri embryos and larvae and how they are affected by increased UV radiation, McMurdo Sound [K068_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Three key processes in the embryos and larvae of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri were examined to determine how they respond to environmental changes. In situ experiments were carried out at ...


47. The natural spawning of Sterechinus spp. (Echinodermata) observed in Edisto Inlet, Cape Hallett [K018_2003_2005_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site off Seabee Hook, Edisto Inlet, Cape Hallett during the 04-05 season. Significant numbers of newly spawned embryos were first observed 25 November. Based on the ...


48. The physical and biological structure of the water column in Lake Vanda and the influences to it from the inflow of the Onyx River [K081_1993_1996_NZ_2]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley have risen at a rate of 1m per year. The rise was largely attributed to increased flows in its only significant inflow, the Onyx River. Prior to the first flows ...


49. The response of sea ice and brine water algae and bacteria to changes in salinity, temperature, light and UVB in Granite Harbour [K043_2008_2009_NZ_3]
In the 2008/2009 season, samples of the bottom ice algae and brine algae (within 30cm of the top of the ice) were subjected to temperature, salinity, light and UVB experiments and analysed with PAM ...


50. The response of sea ice and brine water algae and bacteria to changes in salinity, temperature, light and UVB in Terra Nova Bay [K043_2006_2008_NZ_4]
Samples of the bottom ice algae and brine algae (within 30cm of the top of the ice) were subjected to temperature, salinity, light and UVB experiments and analysed with PAM rapid light curves to determine ...


Showing 1 through 50 of 57 Next

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