Portal Home
Thumbnail Icon [Parameters: Topic='BIOSPHERE', Term='ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS', Variable_Level_1='COMMUNITY DYNAMICS', Variable_Level_2='BIODIVERSITY FUNCTIONS']



Refine by Category
 
Refine by Full Text

 

51 Titles Match Your Query
Showing 1 through 50 of 51 Next
1. Biodiversity, Dynamics and Metabolics of Heterogeneous Meltwater Ponds [K025_2011_2013_NZ_3]
Microbial biodiversity and community dynamics within and between selected melt water ponds near Bratina Is will help to identify environmental drivers within ponds. Research will examine the metabolic ...


2. Community composition survey at Terra Nova Bay with similar samples collected at Cape Evans Cape Armitage and Turtle Rock [K043_2008_2012_NZ_5]
Five ice cores were collected from Terra Nova bay in the vicinity of Gondwana station. From each core the top, middle and bottom sections were sectioned and processed as described earlier. In addition, ...


3. Biodiversity, Dynamics and Metabolics of Heterogeneous Meltwater Ponds [K025_2011_2012_NZ_3]
Microbial biodiversity and community dynamics within and between selected melt water ponds near Bratina Is will help to identify environmental drivers within ponds. Research will examine the metabolic ...


4. Soil samples from Mout Fleming, Allen Hills and the McKelvey Valley to determine the fungal terrestrial biodiversity using cultures and molecular DNA techniques [K021_1998_2011_NZ_9]
Soil samples were taken from Mount Fleming (00-01), Allen Hills (03-04) and the McKelvey Valley (07-08) to ascertain terrestrial biodiversity at the sites, as determined by molecular DNA techniques ...


5. Characterisation of aquatic resources in McMurdo Sound region of Antarctica: water chemistry, biological identity and genomic samples [K081_2009_2010_NZ_1]
Aquatic environments in Antarctica have changes over time with a changing climate. Small aquatic zones on the surface of glaciers ablation zones are comparatively constant and represent perhaps the ...


6. Collection of marine sediment, algae, invertebrate and fish samples from multiple sites at diveable depths in the Ross Sea Region [K065_2008_2009_NZ_1]
In order to resolve the contribution of microbes (bacteria) in the benthic food web under the sea ice in Antarctica and to determine the level of recycling of carbon that occurs in the community, ...


7. Soil, nematode, and springtail sample collection from Granite Harbour [K066_2009_2010_NZ_1]
The aim of this study was to determine aspects of the environmental physiology and phylogeography of Antarctic terrestrial invertebrates. Soil samples were collected from Granite Harbour for geochemical ...


8. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria in Granite Harbour and the physical parameters of their environment [K043_2008_2009_NZ_2]
The total biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria from the sea ice and the water column was investigated in Granite Harbour. Sampling sites in the Granite Harbour area were used ...


9. The biomass, productivity, physiology and grazing pressures of phytoplankton during the polar winter in the Ross Sea region [K043_2007_2008_NZ_1]
What happens to primary production during the long polar night was investigated in the Ross Sea region. Phytoplankton samples were obtained from the water column at Cape Armitage and Cape Evans. Phytoplankton ...


10. The distribution and abundance patterns of meroplankton in the Ross Sea region [K018_2002_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The pelagic community of the Ross Sea consists of a permanent component (=holoplankton) and a temporary component which is primarily made up from the larval stages of benthic marine invertebrates ...


11. The response of sea ice and brine water algae and bacteria to changes in salinity, temperature, light and UVB in Granite Harbour [K043_2008_2009_NZ_3]
In the 2008/2009 season, samples of the bottom ice algae and brine algae (within 30cm of the top of the ice) were subjected to temperature, salinity, light and UVB experiments and analysed with PAM ...


12. Genetic sequencing of terrestrial invertebrates along the latitudinal range of the Ross Dependency to determine patterns of biodiversity, phylogenetic relationships and levels of gene flow among populations [K028_1999_2008_NZ_1]
Molecular techniques (allozyme electrophoresis and mitochondrial gene sequencing) were used to characterise the Antarctic terrestrial biodiversity along the latitudinal range of the Ross Dependency ...


13. Soil samples from Mout Fleming, Allen Hills and the McKelvey Valley to determine the fungal terrestrial biodiversity using cultures and molecular DNA techniques [K021_1998_2008_NZ_9]
Soil samples were taken from Mount Fleming (00-01), Allen Hills (03-04) and the McKelvey Valley (07-08) to ascertain terrestrial biodiversity at the sites, as determined by molecular DNA techniques ...


14. The bacterial biomass of sea ice from Seabees Hook, Cape Hallett region [K043_2003_2005_NZ_2]
A taxonomic assessment of sea ice bacteria abundance and their response to climate induced stress was investigated from the sea ice around Seabee Hook, Cape Hallett. Four sites at different points ...


15. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria in Terra Nova Bay and the physical parameters of their environment [K043_2006_2008_NZ_1]
The total biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria from the sea ice and the water column was investigated in Terra Nova Bay. Sampling sites in the Terra Nova Bay area were used ...


16. The response of sea ice and brine water algae and bacteria to changes in salinity, temperature, light and UVB in Terra Nova Bay [K043_2006_2008_NZ_4]
Samples of the bottom ice algae and brine algae (within 30cm of the top of the ice) were subjected to temperature, salinity, light and UVB experiments and analysed with PAM rapid light curves to determine ...


17. Community composition survey at Terra Nova Bay with similar samples collected at Cape Evans and Cape Armitage [K043_2008_2009_NZ_5]
Five ice cores were collected from Terra Nova bay in the vicinity of Gondwana station. From each core the top, middle and bottom sections were sectioned and processed as described earlier. In addition, ...


18. Investigation into the environmental factors that drive microbial diversity in the soils of the Meirs Valley mineral soils [K023_2004_2005_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The primary objective of this event was to examine possible environmental factors (moisture, nutrients, mineralogy) driving the microbial diversity in the dry valley soils of Antarctica. 325 mineral ...


19. Investigation into the environmental factors that drive microbial diversity in the soils of the Miers Valley, Mt Erebus, Bratina Island and Beacon Valley [K023_2005_2007_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Modern molecular phylogenetics, in conjunction with sensitive mineral surface geochemical analysis, was used to determine the quantitative and qualitative distribution of micro-organism in Dry Valley ...


20. Investigation into the environmental factors that drive microbial diversity in the soils of the Miers Valley, Mt Erebus, Bratina Island and Beacon Valley [K023_2007_2008_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
In this study, the active microbial component in the Dry Valleys system was characterized using newly developed molecular techniques with the aid of in situ augmentation and cloches (wind protection) ...


21. Microbial diversity and the environmental factors that drive the microbial community in the Ross Sea Region [K023_2004_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The Antarctic environment has recently been shown to support a high level of diversity of bacteria in the soil given the simplicity and extreme nature of the habitat. Understanding the relationship ...


22. Examination of the photosynthetic behaviour (energy content, nutrient content, productivity and acclimation) of mosses and lichens throughout the summer season at Cape Hallett [K024_2004_2006_NZ_2]
A possible sign of climate change is likely to be improved production and growth in plants. The response of net photosynthetic rates were measured on the large areas of relatively uniform moss cover ...


23. Experimental measurements of the effects of the environmental factors (temperature, light, water content and carbon dioxide concentration) on the photosynthesis activity of Antarctic mosses and lichens at Cape Hallett [K024_1998_1999_NZ_2]
A detailed study of how the environmental factors temperature, light, water content and carbon dioxide concentration affected photosynthesis of the two common mosses Bryum argenteum and B. pseudotriquetrum ...


24. Measurements of climate data and the effect of high light and low temperature on the photosynthetic response (photosynthetic gas exchange rates and fluorescence) of mosses and lichens at Granite Harbour [K024_1994_1995_NZ_1]
The winter snowfall (during 1994) was unusually large and the area of Botany Bay was uniformly covered to a depth of 50 to 70cm. Furthermore, air temperatures were low being rarely above -6? C. These ...


25. Photosynthesis, fluorescence and microclimate measurements of several species of mosses and lichens from Botany Bay at Granite Harbour [K024_1991_1992_NZ_1]
The photosynthetic rate of Antarctic mosses and lichens was studied with investigations into the effects of high levels of light radiation and of possible UV effects. The mosses Pottia heimii, Bryum ...


26. A grafting experiment testing the ability of Antarctic sponges to recognise self from non-self tissue and their immune response [K054_1988_1989_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Four sponge species ...


27. A survey of the density of starfish and sea urchins to determine the grazing pressure of these species on a sponge dominated reef, Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
In order to determine the grazing pressure of starfish and sea urchin species on the benthic community of a reef at Cape Armitage, a survey was made of these species densities. The survey was stratified ...


28. An investigation of a bacterial infection of Antarctic sponge species at Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
A bacterial infection was found associated with two species of Antarctic sponges while conducting a survey of the benthic community at Cape Armitage. This infection was not observed in the first year ...


29. Analysis of the community structure of subtidal reefs at Cape Armitage (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sediment spicule mat depth, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1987_1989_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Other sites were ...


30. Analysis of the reef slope community structure at Pram Point (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sponge reproduction, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The reef community at Cape Armitage was surveyed over two seasons (1987/88 and 1988/89). This community exists on a fan like shallow slope platform. In the same season, Pram Point was initially assessed ...


31. Investigation of the relationship of the fish population with their associated benthos community (population counts, activity and stomach content) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The relationship between the benthos and fish populations associated with it was investigated. Fish counts, fish behaviour and samples of fish were collected. Four 5m x 2m transects were surveyed ...


32. Natural spatial subsidies in continental Antarctic soil [K052_2001_2005_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys are hypothesized to rely on external sources of nutrients (carbon, nitrogen, etc). The importance of these spatial subsidies on productivity and biological diversity ...


33. Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of soils from the upper Garwood Valley, Ross Sea Region, 2002-2006. [K052_2004_2005_NZ]   PARENT DIF
These data consist of a number of subsets of soil samples gathered from the upper Garwood Valley in January 2002, January 2003, January 2005 and January 2006. Replicate randomly-located samples of ...


34. Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of soils from the western Wright Vanda (Lake Vanda district), Ross Sea Region, 2006 [K052_2005_2006_NZ]   PARENT DIF
These data consist of a number of subsets of soil samples gathered from the Wright Valley in January 2006. Replicate randomly-located samples of surface soils to 10 cm depth have been gathered from ...


35. The legacy model vs the subsidy model to explain soil organic matter in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K052_2004_2006_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The Dry Valleys of Victoria Land, Antarctica, contain naturally simple ecosystems operating under extreme climatic conditions. Nutrients are limited and are thought to come from external sources from ...


36. The effects of UVB on growth and productivity and photoadaptations of bottom ice algae at Cape Evans, McMurdo Sound [K136_1999_2002_NZ_1]
Sea ice hosts a large community of algae which is released into the food chain when the ice melts. The sea ice algae grow rapidly in the Antarctic spring at a time that coincides with the ozone hole ...


37. The role of grazing on sea ice algae and sea ice bacteria by ciliates and flagellated (zooplankton) in Terra Nova Bay [K043_2006_2008_NZ_3]
Sea water was collected from a depth of 2 meters below the sea ice in the region of Gondwana Station in Terra Nova Bay. Initial measurements of chlorophyll along with presence and abundance of ciliates ...


38. Lipid transport, lipid metabolism and cold adaptation in Antarctic notothenioid fish [K058_2005_2008_NZ_1]
Fish species of the suborder Notothenioidei are morphologically distinct in that they lack a swim bladder. To compensate, high levels of tissue lipids aid in maintaining buoyancy. The lipids also ...


39. Measurements of the amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto sea ice and the effects of enhanced UV radiation levels on sea ice algae [K136_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Sea ice algae are speculated to be considerably vulnerable to the effects of enhanced UV from the ozone hole during the Antarctic spring. The amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto the sea ...


40. Metabolic changes of notothenioid fish in relation to nutritional status [K058_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Individuals of Trematomus bernacchii and Pagothenia borchgrevinki were captured and used in an experiment to understand metabolic changes, especially pertaining to the lipid transport system (lipoproteins) ...


41. Plasma protein profiles of severely ice-damaged Notothenioidei fish [K058_2005_2008_NZ_2]
A small percentage of the notothenioid fish caught in the McMurdo Sound or Terra Nova Bay region were found to have what was classed as ice damage (oedema) in their eyes, potentially resulting from ...


42. Reproductive biology of notothenioid fish - Analysis of gonadal development from a number of species [K058_2005_2008_NZ_3]
Fish species of the suborder Notothenioidei were captured in the McMurdo Sound or Terra Nova Bay region and basic biological measurements were taken for all fish (length, weight, gonadosomatic indices, ...


43. Sea ice productivity in the Mertz Glacier Region [K043_2002_2004_NZ_1]
Eastern Antarctic sea ice algal biomass were measured in the spring of 2002, 2003 and 2004. Productivity was measured by 14C in 2002 and by oxygen electrodes in 2002 and 2004. Biomass was low, in ...


44. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae in the Cape Hallett region [K043_2003_2005_NZ_1]
The distribution and biodiversity of algae was assessed to enable possible future predictions of the effects of global warming. Sites (5 in the first season, 4 in the second) were established around ...


45. The thermal acclimation ability of notothenioid fish species [K058_2007_2008_NZ_2]
Several individuals of Trematomus bernacchii and Pagothenia borchgrevinki were captured and used in an experiment to understand the ability of these fish to acclimate to increased temperatures. Individuals ...


46. The distribution of terrestrial invertebrates at Cape Hallett [K140_2002_2003_NZ_1]
A survey of the terrestrial invertebrates of the ice free areas at Cape Hallett was conducted over three spatial scales: 1) A site-wide survey of the soil and under-stone arthropods of the Cape Hallett ...


47. Isolated fungi from physical samples collected from four sites, two with human impact and two with little human influence to assess fungal biodiversity and the impact of humans [K021_1998_2008_NZ_3]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artifacts were collected over the period of 2001-2006 from four sites in Ross Sea Region, including two sites with human impact (influence) ...


48. Systematic survey and abundance investigations of the algae in the meltpools of the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K053_1987_1988_NZ_1]
A qualitative and quantitative survey was made of algae in aquatic habitats on the McMurdo Ice Shelf. The majority of the work was conducted in eight ponds of diverse chemical characteristics in the ...


49. The effects of increased flow on the distribution of nutrient sources and sinks and the physical, chemical and biological components in the Onyx River ecosystem [K081_1993_1996_NZ_1]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley have risen at a rate of 1m per year. The rise was largely attributed to increased flows in its only significant inflow, the Onyx River. The effects of this ...


50. The changes in the physical, chemical and biological processes in melt water ponds during the late season freeze processes into the polar winter at Bratina Island [K081_2007_2008_NZ_2]
How the onset of winter conditions affects the physical and chemical conditions within the melt water ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf (of which summer information is available) and how these changes ...


Showing 1 through 50 of 51 Next

Link to NASA website
Responsible NASA Official:   Dr. Stephen Wharton
Webmaster:   Monica Lyles   ·  Contact GCMD User Support for assistance