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1. Surface Weather Observations Hourly [gov.noaa.ncdc.C01106]
Standard hourly observations taken at Weather Bureau/National Weather Service offices and airports throughout the United States. Hourly observations began during the aviation boom in the late 1920s-early ...


2. Monthly Weather Observations [gov.noaa.ncdc.C01105]
Monthly Weather Observations (Form 1001) is a set of historical manuscript records for the period 1893-1948. In order to fill in the observation gap prior to the time when commercial aviation began ...


3. A Computer-Based Atlas of Global Instrumental Climate Data, CDIAC/DB-1003 [CLIMATE_IMAGE_ATLAS]
Color-shaded and contoured images of global gridded instrumental data have been produced as a computer-based atlas and is available via ftp and as a CD-ROM. The data consists of images ...


4. Antarctic Oscillation (AO) Time Series Data since 1948 from JISAO [JISAO_AAO]
The Antarctic Oscillation (AAO) is the dominant pattern of non-seasonal tropospheric circulation variations south of 30S, and it is characterized by pressure anomalies of one sign centered in the ...


5. Arctic Oscillation (AO) Index Data [JISAO_ARCTIC_AO]
The University of Washington Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean (JISAO) offers an Arctic Oscillation (AO) Index dataset. The Arctic Oscillation (AO) is defined as the leading ...


6. Asian Summer Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_ASIASUMR]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The Asian Summer pattern is a prominent mode from June-August. The pattern is monopole in nature, with anomalies of the same ...


7. Assessment of inter-annual and seasonal variability of the circulation over the shelf and slope off central Chile [GLOBEC_038_CHL_002]   PARENT METADATA
Assessment of inter-annual and seasonal variability of the circulation over the shelf and slope off central Chile and the development of simple models of free and wind-forced trapped waves Hydrographic ...


8. Baldwin and Dunkerton Northern Annular Mode Data (1958-2001) [NAO_BALDWIN_DUNKERTON]
This data set consists of daily Northern Annular Mode (North Atlantic Oscillation/Arctic Oscillation) data from 1958-2001 at 10-1000 hPa as described in Baldwin and Dunkerton, 2001. Data is available ...


9. COADS-based Southern Oscillation Index (SOI), 1854-1997 [JISAO_COADS_SOI_SLP]
The University of Washington Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean (JISAO) offers a COADS-based Southern Oscillation Index 1854-1997 dataset. A version of the Southern Oscillation ...


10. Climate Change Indices at LDEO/IRI Climate Data Library [LDEO_INDICES]   CHILD METADATA
This collection consists of climate change indices including Southern Oscillation Index (SOI), North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), sea level pressure anomalies (SLP), sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies, ...


11. Climate Since AD 1500 Database, WDC Paleoclimatology [EARTH_LAND_NGDC_PALEOCLIM1500AD]   CHILD METADATA
This data set contains the data described in various chapters of the book: CLIMATE SINCE A.D. 1500 Edited by Raymond S. Bradley and Philip D. Jones published ...


12. Daily Antarctic Oscillation Index (AAO) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_AAO]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The daily Antarctic Oscillation (AAO) index is constructed by projecting the daily (00Z) 700mb height anomalies poleward of ...


13. Daily Arctic Oscillation (AO) Index from NOAA/NWS/Center for Climate Prediction [NOAA_NWS_CPC_AO]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The daily Arctic Oscillation (AO) index is constructed by projecting the daily (00Z) 1000mb height anomalies poleward of 20N ...


14. Daily Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) Indices from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_MJO]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] An extended Empirical Orthogonal Function (EEOF) analysis is applied to pentad velocity potential at 200-hPa for ENSO-neutral ...


15. Daily North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) Index from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NAO]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The daily North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index is constructed by properly projecting the daily (00Z) 500mb height anomalies ...


16. Darwin and Tahiti Sea Level Pressure (SLP) 1882 to present from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_DARTAH]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] Monthly sea level pressure (SLP) data measured at Darwin, Australia and Tahiti from 1882-present. Data consists of the original ...


17. East Atlantic Jet Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_EAJET]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The East Atlantic Jet pattern is the third primary mode of low frequency variability found over the North Atlantic, ...


18. East Atlantic Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_EA]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The East Atlantic (EA) pattern is the second of three prominent modes of low-frequency variability over the North Atlantic, ...


19. East Atlantic/West Russia Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_EAWRUS]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The East Atlantic/ West Russia (EATL/WRUS) pattern is one of two prominent that affects Eurasia during most of the year. This ...


20. East Pacific Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_EP]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The EP pattern is evident in all months except August and September, and reflects a north-south dipole of height anomalies ...


21. Equatorial Pacific Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_EQSOI]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] This data set consist of monthly sea level pressure (SLP) standardized anomalies in Indonesia (INDO) and the Eastern Pacific ...


22. Gravity Wave Events Data from the NOAA Environmental Technology Laboratory [OAR0082]
Gravity Wave Events is an archive of data from two sensor systems designed to detect gravity waves at the Boulder Atmospheric Observatory, located in Erie, Colorado, outside of Boulder. The first ...


23. Hurrell North Atlantic Oscillation Index (NAO) at JISAO [NAO_HURRELL]
The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is based on the difference of normalized sea level pressure (SLP) between Lisbon, Portugal and Stykkisholmur/Reykjavik, ...


24. Hurrell's North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) Index from NCAR [NCAR_NAO]
The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is based on the difference of normalized sea level pressure (SLP) between Lisbon, Portugal or Ponta Delgada, Azores ...


25. IAI-ScientificArticles-CRN_003_Darrigo_NPI: Tropical-North Pacific Climate Linkages Over the Past Four Centuries [IAIDIS848]   PARENT METADATA
This metadata references the scientific article: "Tropical-North Pacific Climate Linkages Over the Past Four Centuries", which can be download from here. Authors: Rosanne DArrigo(1), Rob Wilson(2), ...


26. Infrasonic Observatory data from the NOAA Environmental Technology Laboratory [OAR0081]
The Infrasonic Observatory is an array of infrasonic microphones located at the Boulder Atmospheric Observatory in Erie, Colorado. The array measures the direction, pressure amplitude, elevation ...


27. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Scientific Assessments [IPCC]
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was organized in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). Four series of reports ...


28. Kaplan Global Sea Level Pressure (SLP) Anomalies from LDEO/IRI Climate Data Library [LDEO_KAPLAN_COADS_SLP]
A Reduced Space Optimal Interpolation procedure has been applied to the global sea level pressure (SLP) record from the Comprehensive Ocean Atmosphere Data Set (COADS) averaged on a 4x4 degree grid. ...


29. Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) Climate Data Library [LDEO]
The Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) Climate Data Library contains a wide variety of primarily oceanographic and atmospheric data sets. All of the data is available online and most ...


30. Monthly East Pacific Oscillation (EPO) from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_CPC_EPO]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The East Pacific - North Pacific (EP- NP) pattern is a Spring-Summer-Fall pattern with three main anomaly centers. The positive ...


31. Monthly Northern Oscillation Index (NOI) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NOI]
[Text Source: NOAA Environmental Research Division, http://www.pfeg.noaa.gov/products/PFEL/modeled/indices/NOIx/noix.html ] The NOI (extratropical-based Northern Oscillation Index) and its analog, ...


32. NCEP Model Data in NetCDF format on a DODS Server [NCEP_model_data_NetCDF_DODS]
Unidata IDD Server Catalog DODS Server on motherlode Collection Name Type NCEP AVN-Q GRID NCEP AVN-X GRID NCEP RUC GRID NCEP NGM-Q GRID NCEP Eta ...


33. North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) Reconstruction to 1500 AD, WDC/Paleoclimatology [NOAA_NGDC_PALEO_NAO1500]
Monthly (1659-2001) and seasonal (1500-1658) North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) indices were estimated using instrumental and documentary proxy predictors from Eurasia. Uncertainty estimates were calculated ...


34. North Pacific (NP) Index from Sea level Pressures at NCAR [NCAR_NP]
The North Pacific (NP) Index is the area-weighted sea level pressure (SLP) over the region 30N-65N, 160E-140W and is used to measure decadal variations linked to El Nino (ENSO) and La Nina events. ...


35. North Pacific Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NP]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The North Pacific pattern is prominent from March through July. This pattern consists of a primary anomaly center which spans ...


36. Northern and Southern Hemisphere Blocking Index from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_BLOCKING]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The blocking index of Tibaldi and Molteni (1990) was modified from that of Lejenas and Okland (1983). The index is local and ...


37. Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) Reconstruction, NOAA/NCDC/WDC Paleoclimatology [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2001-001]
This data consists of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) reconstruction based on tree ring chronologies. Climate in the North Pacific and North American sectors has experienced interdecadal shifts ...


38. Pacific Transition (PT) Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_PT]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The Pacific Transition pattern is prominent between May-August. The mode consists of a wave-like pattern of height anomalies, ...


39. Polar/Eurasia Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_POLAREUR]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The Polar/ Eurasian pattern appears only in the winter, and is the most prominent mode of low-frequency variability during ...


40. Scandanavia (SCAND) Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_SCAND]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The Scandinavia pattern (SCAND) consists of a primary circulation center which spans Scandinavia and large portions of the ...


41. Southeast Regional Climate Center Historical Climate Data [SERCC_CLIM_HIST_SE_US]
This product contains climatological summaries of temperature and precipitation for over 1,000 daily weather stations across the Southeast. Many types of data are available, including averages, extremes, ...


42. Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) at LDEO/IRI Climate Data Library [LDEO_INDICIES_SOI]   PARENT METADATA
The Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) is the difference between the standardized Tahiti Sea Level Pressure (SLP) and the standardized Darwin SLP measurements. The data was originally collected by NOAA/NCEP. ...


43. Tahiti Sea Level Pressure Indices at at LDEO/IRI Climate Data Library [LDEO_INDICES_TAHITI]   PARENT METADATA
Sea level pressure indices from Tahiti for monitoring El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO).


44. Tahiti-Darwin Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) 1882 to present from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_SOI]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] Monthly Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) based on standardized sea level pressure (SLP) difference data measured between Tahiti ...


45. The Evolution of Climate Over the Last Millennium [NOAA_NGDC_PALEO_CLIMATE1K]
[from the data set description summary] Knowledge of past climate variability is crucial for understanding and modeling current and future climate trends. This article reviews present knowledge of ...


46. Trenberth Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) from NCAR [NCAR_SOI]
The Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) at NCAR is computed using monthly mean sea level pressures at Tahiti (T) and Darwin (D). The SOI [T-D] is an optimal index that combines the Southern Oscillation ...


47. Tropical/Northern Hemisphere Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_TNH]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The Tropical/ Northern Hemisphere pattern was first classified by Mo and Livezey (1986), and appears as a prominent mode from ...


48. West Pacific Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_WP]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The WP pattern is a primary mode of low-frequency variability over the North Pacific in all months, and has been previously ...


49. US Naval Observatory Hourly Observations [gov.noaa.ncdc.C01086]
Hourly observations journal from the National Observatory in Washington DC. The observatory is the first station in the United States to produce hourly observations over a long period. The images ...


50. Bulletin of International Simultaneous Observations [gov.noaa.ncdc.C01087]
The publication of the Bulletin of International Simultaneous Observations, began July 1, 1875, with daily maps added in 1877. It was published for distribution among cooperative observers only, and ...


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