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1. Natural Hazards Image Database [gov.noaa.ngdc.Hazard_Images_Database]
Photographs and other visual media provide valuable pre- and post-event data for natural hazards. Research, mitigation, and forecasting rely on visual data for post-analysis, inundation mapping and ...


2. Behavior of Columns During Earthquakes [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01215]
The behavior of columns during earthquakes is very important since column failures may lead to additional structural failures and result in total building collapses. For example, in the Mexico City ...


3. Cape Mendocino, CA Earthquakes, April 25 & 26, 1992 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01209]
On April 25, 1992, a magnitude 7.1 earthquake occurred in the Cape Mendocino area. Two additional earthquakes, magnitudes 6.6 and 6.7 occurred the next morning. The first earthquake was located six ...


4. Chi-Chi, Taiwan Earthquake, September 21, 1999 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G02115]
On September 21, 1999, at 1:47 AM local time, a magnitude MW 7.6 earthquake was felt throughout the island of Taiwan. A five county area, including the city of Taichung, experienced the greatest number ...


5. Duzce, Turkey Earthquake, November 12, 1999 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01934]
The magnitude 7.2 quake occurred at 6.57 pm local time (16:57 GMT). Duzce lies on the eastern fringe of the region hit by the August 17 quake. Some areas experienced a one-two punch from the 1999 ...


6. Earthquake Damage - General [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01194]
An earthquake is the motion or trembling of the ground produced by sudden displacement of rock in the Earth's crust. Earthquakes result from crustal strain, volcanism, landslides, and collapse of ...


7. Earthquake Damage in San Francisco, CA, April 18, 1906 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01195]
The 1906 San Francisco earthquake was the largest event (magnitude 8.3) to occur in the conterminous United States in the 20th Century. Recent estimates indicate that as many as 3,000 people lost ...


8. Earthquake Damage to Schools [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01198]
This set of slides graphically illustrates the potential danger that major earthquakes pose to school structures and to the children and adults who happen to be inside at the time of the earthquake. ...


9. Earthquake Damage to Transportation Systems [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01197]
Earthquakes represent one of the most destructive natural hazards known to man. A serious result of large-magnitude earthquakes is the disruption of transportation systems, which limits post-disaster ...


10. Earthquake Damage, Armenian SSR, December 7, 1988 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01204]
On December 7, 1988, at 11:41 A.M. local time a magnitude 6.9 earthquake shook northwestern Armenia and was followed four minutes later by a magnitude 5.8 aftershock. Swarms of aftershocks, some as ...


11. Earthquake Damage, Northern Iran, June 21, 1990 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01207]
A magnitude 7.7 earthquake occurred in the Gilan Province between the towns of Rudbar and Manjil in northern Iran on Thursday, June 21, 1990. The event, the largest ever to be recorded in that part ...


12. Earthquakes in Central California, 1980-1984 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01202]
There have been many earthquake occurrences in central California. This set of slides shows earthquake damage from the following events: Livermore, 1980, Coalinga, 1983; and Morgan Hill, 1984. All ...


13. Earthquakes in Southern California [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01201]
There have been many earthquake occurrences in Southern California. This set of slides shows earthquake damage from the following events: Imperial Valley, 1979, Westmorland, 1981, Palm Springs, 1986; ...


14. El Quindio Colombia Earthquake, January 25, 1999 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01379]
The El Quindio earthquake was one of the most destructive natural disasters to have occurred in Colombia in recent years. Long lasting economic and social impacts will continue to be felt in Armenia ...


15. Great Alaska Earthquake, Prince William Sound, March 28, 1964 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01200]
The Prince William Sound magnitude 8.4 earthquake at 03:36 UT on March 28, 1964, was one of the largest shocks ever recorded on the North American Continent. The quake was felt over 500,000 square ...


16. Great Chile Earthquake of May 22, 1960 - Anniversary Edition [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01935]
On May 22, 1960 (19:11 UTC), a Mw 9.5 earthquake occurred in southern Chile (39.5 S, 74.5 W). This was the largest earthquake ever instrumentally recorded. (It was not the largest in terms of dollar ...


17. Great Hanshin-Awaji (Kobe) Earthquake, January 17, 1995 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01214]
The Earthquake - At 5:46 A.M. local time on January 17, 1995, a major earthquake occurred near the City of Kobe, Japan. The 6.9 magnitude earthquake had 40 km of bilateral rupture from a hypocenter ...


18. Izmit (Kocaeli) Turkey Earthquake, August 17 1999, Set 2, Structural Damage [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01958]
On August 17, 1999, at 3:01 A.M. local time (00:01:39.8 UTC) a magnitude (Mw) 7.4 earthquake occurred along the westernmost North Anatolian fault. The earthquake epicenter was 11 km (7 mi) southeast ...


19. Izmit (Kocaeli) Turkey Earthquake, August 17 1999. Set 1, Coastal Effects [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01933]
On August 17, 1999, at 3:02 am local time (00:02 GMT) a magnitude (Mw) 7.4 earthquake occurred on the northern Anatolian fault. The epicenter was located very close to the south shore of the Bay of ...


20. Landers and Big Bear California Earthquakes, June 28, 1992 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01210]
California residents were rudely awakened early Sunday morning June 28, 1992, by an earthquake of magnitude 7.6 (Ms) followed by a smaller 6.7 (s) magnitude earthquake about three hours later. The ...


21. Loma Prieta Earthquake, October 18, 1989, Part 1 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01205]
On October 17, 1989, a 7.1 magnitude earthquake occurred near Loma Prieta in the Santa Cruz Mountains. Movement occurred along a 40-km segment of the San Andreas fault from southwestof Los Gatos to ...


22. Loma Prieta Earthquake, October 18, 1989, Part 2 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01206]
On October 17, 1989, a 7.1 magnitude earthquake occurred near Loma Prieta in the Santa Cruz Mountains. This earthquake is also known as the "San Francisco World Series Earthquake." The slide set focuses ...


23. Northridge, California Earthquake, January 17, 1994, Set 1 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01211]
At 4:31 A.M. (Local time) on Monday, January 17, 1994, a magnitude 6.8 earthquake twenty miles west northwest of downtown Los Angeles awoke nearly everyone in southern California. Damage was most ...


24. Northridge, California Earthquake, January 17, 1994, Set 2 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01212]
On Monday, January 17, 1994, an earthquake occurred that took 57 lives and caused $10 billion in property damage. This slide set includes damaged structures in more distant communities including Sylmar, ...


25. San Fernando Valley California Earthquakes of 1971 and 1994 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01213]
This slide set compares two earthquakes that were separated by a distance of 10 miles and a time of 23 years. Disproving the notion that once an earthquake has occurred, an area is safe from future ...


26. Shikotan, Kuril Islands Earthquake, October 4, 1994, Set 1 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01229]
A magnitude 8.1 earthquake occurred in the southern Kurils and on northern Hokkaido on Tuesday, October 5, 1994, (October 4 at 13:23 GMT). It was a sudden event, without any short-term precursors ...


27. Shikotan, Kuril Islands Earthquake, October 4, 1994, Set 2 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01373]
The first slide set of Shikotan, Kuril Islands focused on damage caused by the earthquake. This second set, depicts much of the tsunami damage that occurred. At Kuzhno-Kurilsk, Kunsashir Island, tsunami ...


28. 1915 Pleasant Valley, USA Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.40]
Oblique-slip fault produced during the 7.7 magnitude earthquake of 1915, Pleasant Valley, Nevada.


29. 1925 Clarkston Valley, USA Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.37]
Location: east of Helena. Affected area: 803,000 square kilometers. Damage: $0.3 million. Chimneys fell in every direction from the shaking. In addition, brick and mortar structures were damaged. ...


30. 1946 Unimak Island, USA Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.29]
On April 1, 1946, at 12:29 [local time] a rather strong magnitude 7.4 earthquake occurred with source to the south of Unimak Island, causing one of the most destructive tsunamis in the Pacific Ocean.


31. 1952 Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.35]
The tsunami was generated by a magnitude 9.0 (Mw) earthquake on Kamchatka where it caused severe damage. The tsunami then struck Midway (3,000 kilometers away), the Hawaiian Islands (5,200 kilometers ...


32. 1957 Aleutian Islands, USA Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.30]
The magnitude 8.6 (Mw) earthquake occurred south of the Andreanof Islands, in the Aleutian Islands. It generated an 8-meter tsunami that did great damage on Adak Island, especially to the fuel and ...


33. 1960 Puerto Montt, Valdivia, Chile Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.25]
On May 22, 1960, a Mw 9.5 earthquake, the largest earthquake ever instrumentally recorded, occurred in southern Chile. The series of earthquakes that followed ravaged southern Chile and ruptured over ...


34. 1964 Niigata, Japan Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.3]
The magnitude 7.4 earthquake killed 26 and destroyed 3,018 houses and moderately or severely damaged 9,750 in Niigata prefecture.


35. 1965 Seattle, USA Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.4]
The magnitude 6.5 earthquake killed 7 and caused 12.5 million in property damage.


36. 1967 Caracas, Venezuela Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.5]
The magnitude 6.6 earthquake killed 240 and caused $50 million in property damage.


37. 1970 Huaraz, Peru Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.7]
In 1970, an earthquake-induced rock and snow avalanche on Mt. Huascaran, Peru, buried the towns of Yungay and Ranrahirca. The magnitude 7.8 earthquake killed 66,794 and caused $250 million in property ...


38. 1971 San Fernando, USA Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.8]
The magnitude 6.7 earthquake killed 66 and caused $0.5-1.0 billion property damage.


39. 1975 Kilauea, USA Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.38]
Two earthquakes occurred in the morning on Hawaii Island. The first earthquake (3 hours 36 minutes local time, 5.1 Ms, epicenter near the Kilauea crater) awakened the entire population of the island. ...


40. 1975 Lice, Turkey Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.250]
Eastern Turkey. A magnitude 6.7 earthquake that struck the Turkish district of Lice at 12:20 local time (09:20 UTC) on September 6, 1975, killing 2,311 people. The epicenter was located near the town ...


41. 1976 Esmeraldas, Ecuador Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.251]
Northwestern Ecuador. Damage: Severe.


42. 1976 Los Amateos, Guatemala Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.9]
The magnitude 7.5 earthquake killed 23,000, injured 76,000, and caused $1,100 million in property damage. It was felt over 100,000 square kilometers and was accompanied by extensive surface faulting. ...


43. 1976 Tangshan, China Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.252]
Northeastern China. Damage: $5,600 million. The death toll (240,000) was one of largest in recorded history from an earthquake. In addition, around 800,000 were injured. Extensive damage occurred ...


44. 1977 Bucharest, Romania Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.41]
1,500 reported killed, 10,500 injured, and extensive damage in the Bucharest area. Bulgaria reported 20 killed and 165 injured. Moscow reported some damage in the Soviet Republic of Moldavia. Felt ...


45. 1979 Cadoux, Australia Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.253]
Western Australia. Damage: $1.5 million.


46. 1980 Livermore, USA Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.33]
There was considerable damage to facilities at the Lawrence Livermore Lab.


47. 1980 Mount Saint Helens, USA Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.42]
An earthquake occurred at 15 32 UT, only seconds before the explosion that began the eruption of Mount St. Helens volcano. This eruption and blast blew off the top of the volcano, reducing its elevation ...


48. 1983 Akita, Honshu, Japan Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.31]
The tsunami generated by a magnitude 7.9 (Mw) earthquake destroyed 700 boats and 59 houses for a total of $800 million in property damage in Japan (1983 dollars). One hundred and four people drowned ...


49. 1983 Coalinga, USA Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.255]
Location: Central California, 20.8 kilometers from Coalinga. Affected area: 205,000 square kilometers. Damage: $31 million. The most serious damage occurred in the eight-block downtown commercial ...


50. 1986 San Salvador, El Salvador Images [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.43]
At least 1,000 people killed, 10,000 injured, 200,000 homeless and severe damage in the San Salvador area. About 50 fatalities were the result of landslides in the epicentral area. Some damage at ...


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