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1. Mapping Eastern North America Vegetation Change Over the Past 18,000 Years [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_94-007]
These maps are based on 11,700 fossil pollen samples and 1744 modern pollen samples. Twenty-one pollen taxa were included in analyses: Alnus, Fraxinum, Populus, Tilia, Fagus, Betula, Ulmus, Abies, ...


2. Climate, Land Use, and Environmental Sensitivity (CLUES) [USGS_CLUES]
Vegetation changes caused by climatic variations and/or land use may have large impacts on forests, agriculture, rangelands, natural ecosystems, and endangered species. Climate modeling studies indicate ...


3. Tropical Climates At The Last Glacial Maximum [LGM_TROPICAL]
The LGM Tropical Terrestrial Data Synthesis (Farrera et al., 1999) contains quantitative reconstructions of mean temperature of the coldest month (MTCO) and mean annual ground temperature ...


4. Late Paleozoic-Mesozoic fauna, environment, climate, Beardmore Glacier area [miller_0126146]
The 4 km thick sequence of sedimentary rocks in the Beardmore Glacier area records 90 million years of Permian through Jurassic history of this high-paleolatitude sector of Gondwana. It accumulated ...


5. Collaborative Research: Integrating Geomorphological and Paleoecological Studies to Reconstruct Neogene Environments of the Transantarctic Mountains [ANT-0739700_BU-054-004]
This project studies the last vestiges of life in Antarctica from exceptionally well-preserved fossils of tundra life--mosses, diatoms, ostracods, Nothofagus leaves, wood, and insect remains recently ...


6. Feasibility Study of Eocene to Pliocene Palynological Reconstruction off Seymour Island [Warny-OPPGeol-0533879]
Feasibility study of Eocene to Pliocene palynological reconstruction of the Antarctic Peninsula margin climate evolution Project Summary Intellectual merit Numerous ...


7. Fossil-rich lacustrine deposits in the Dry Valleys, Antarctica [ANT-0440711_BU-054-003]
The data set includes fossil images,trace-element geochemical analyses of volcanic tephra, geochronologic data for Dry Valleys ashfall deposits, locations and description of soil pits in the Antarctic ...


8. AFI 01/01_01 - Biodiversity response to climate change: biodiversity and climate significance of Tertiary forest communities of Antarctica - Fossil wood and leaves of Tertiary age, Seymour Island and adjacent, 2001 [GB-NERC-BAS-AEDC-00311]
During field work in 2001 over 1600 specimens were collected from four main fossil plant assemblages: the ''Nordenksjold flora'' from the Cross Valley Formation of Late Palaeocene age; and 3 floras ...


9. AFI 01/01_02 - Biodiversity response to climate change: biodiversity and climate significance of Tertiary forest communities of Antarctica - Analysis of fossil wood & leaves of Tertiary age, Seymour Island&adjacent, 2001 [GB-NERC-BAS-AEDC-00312]
Fossils from Palaeogene strata on Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula, were studied to determine the nature of vegetation response to the fundamental change from greenhouse to icehouse climates in ...


10. Investigation of petrified logs, palaeobotanical materical and tree growth rings from Allan Hills for intrepretation of the palaeoclimate of the area [K042_1997_1998_NZ_1]
Allan Hills is known for its record of climate preserved in petrified logs 260 million years old in the Wellar coal measure. A study of the logs is part of a wider study on ancient forests in Jurassic ...


11. The Missouri Botanical Garden Nomenclatural Database [MBG_vast]
The Missouri Botanical Garden (MOBOT) makes available a variety of data for vascular plants throughout the globe. W3TROPICOS is a catalogue of specimens and species information. It ...


12. BIOME 6000: Reconstructed Biomes from Palaeoecological Data [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2001-046]
The Global Palaeovegetation Mapping (BIOME 6000) Project is a community-wide collaboration inaugurated in 1994 under the joint auspices of four of the elements of the International Geosphere-Biosphere ...


13. Middle Pliocene Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction: PRISM2 [USGS_OF99-535]
As part of the USGS Global Change Research effort, the PRISM (Pliocene Research, Interpretation and Synoptic Mapping) Project has documented the characteristics of middle Pliocene climate on a ...


14. Global Land Environments since the Last Interglacial, Compiled by Jonathan Adams [INTERGLACIAL_LAND_MAPS]
The paleo-ecosystems maps are based on simple compilations of the available information in the literature, relying heavily on the conclusions given by review papers for each subregion. Dates are given ...


15. The International Multiproxy Paleofire Database (IMPD) at WDC for Paleoclimatology [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_IMPD]
From: A Brief Introduction to Fire History Reconstruction "http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/impd/impd_data_intro.html" Fire history information is provided through two types of proxy data; tree-ring ...


16. The PALEOMAP Project: Paleogeographic Atlas, Plate Tectonic Software, and Paleoclimate Reconstructions [PALEOMAP]
The PALEOMAP project produces paleogreographic maps illustrating the Earth's plate tectonic, paleogeographic, climatic, oceanographic and biogeographic development from the Precambrian to the Modern ...


17. CLIMAP 18k bp Surface Configuration Data [FE01020]
The CLIMAP (Climate: Long-Range Investigation, Mapping, and Prediction) Project was funded by the National Science Foundation as part of the International Decade of Ocean Exploration (IDOE). The ...


18. Southern Ocean Biomarker Flux Data Set [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2000-024]
This data set consists of marine and terrestrial biomarker data used for paleoenvironmental reconstruction of atmospheric transport and glacial-interglacial marine productivity changes.


19. Global Paleoclimatic Data for 6000 Year B.P., CDIAC NDP-011 [CDIAC_NDP11]
The data set consists of pollen, lake level, marine plankton data and, where possible, quantitative values estimated from these data gathered from 797 stations. The reasons for choosing these three ...


20. Late Quaternary North American Vegetation Dynamics Data [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2003-089]
This paper integrates the mapping of late-Quaternary biomes with palynological evidence for individualistic species responses to environmental change. We document vegetation history in boreal and ...


21. BIOME 6000 (v4.2): Vegetation Maps for the Mid-Holocene and Last Glacial Maximum [BIOME6000]
The Palaeovegetation Mapping Project (generally known as BIOME 6000: Prentice and Webb, 1998) was inaugurated in 1994 with the aim of providing global maps describing the vegetation patterns at 6000±500 ...


22. Mega-Biome Maps for the Mid-Holocene and Last Glacial Maximum [BIOME6000_MEGABIOME]
Most dynamic vegetation models (DGVMs) simulate far fewer PFTs, and hence discriminate far fewer biomes, than the palaeodata allow. In order to facilitate direct comparison with model output, we have ...


23. Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) Model Runs [PMIP]   CHILD DIFs
The Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) was initiated in order to coordinate and encourage the systematic study of atmospheric general circulation models (AGCMs) and to assess their ...


24. Tree Ring Data from the International Tree-Ring Data Bank (ITRDB), NOAA/NCDC Paleoclimatology Program [EARTH_LAND_NGDC_PALEO_TREERINGS]   CHILD DIFs
The International Tree-Ring Data Bank is maintained by the NOAA Paleoclimatology Program and World Data Center for Paleoclimatology. The Data Bank includes raw ring width or wood density measurements, ...


25. GFDL Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_GFDL]   PARENT DIF
One of several versions of global spectral models in use at the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, ithis version of the GFDL model is applied primarily to climate studies. In its treatment of ...


26. BMRC/BMRC2 Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_BMRC]   PARENT DIF
The BMRC model is a descendant of a spectral general circulation model first developed in the 1970s (cf. Bourke et al. 1977 , and McAvaney et al. 1978 ). This version is more recent than that used ...


27. CCC2 Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_CCC2]   PARENT DIF
The CCC model is the second-generation version of a model first developed in the early 1980s for climate applications. The model is identical to the latest AMIP model exept for different initial ...


28. CCSR1 Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_CCSR1]   PARENT DIF
Model CCSR/NIES AGCM (T21 L20) 1995 is based on a simple global atmospheric model first developed at the University of Tokyo (cf. Numaguti 1993), and further refined as a collaboration between CCSR ...


29. CLIMBER2 Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_CLIMBER2]   PARENT DIF
CLIMBER-2, is a model developed by the CLIMate and BiosphERe groupe-Climate System Department at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK). For the PMIP, CLIMBER-2 consists of runs ...


30. CNMR-2 Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_CNRM2]   PARENT DIF
The model is a version (Cycle 14) of the ARPEGE climate model, which is designed for use by the French climate community. (ARPEGE is the acronym for Action de Recherche Petite Echelle Grande Echelle: ...


31. CSIRO Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_CSIRO]   PARENT DIF
The CSIRO model is derived from earlier two-level and four-level spectral models based on the primitive equations expressed in conservative flux form (cf. Gordon 1981, 1993 ). For the PMIP, CSIRO ...


32. ECHAM3 Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_ECHAM3]   PARENT DIF
This is the third in a series of models developed at MPI that derive from an earlier version (cycle 17) of the operational forecast model of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts ...


33. GEN1 Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_GEN1]   PARENT DIF
The global climate model used for PMIP is Version 1.02A of GENESIS (Global ENvironmental and Ecological Simulation of Interactive Systems). It has been developed at NCAR Interdisciplinary Climate ...


34. GEN2 Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_GEN2]   PARENT DIF
The global climate model used for PMIP is Version 2.0 of GENESIS (Global ENvironmental and Ecological Simulation of Interactive Systems). It has been developed at NCAR Interdisciplinary Climate Systems ...


35. LMCELMD4 and LMCELMD5 Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_LMCELMD4]   PARENT DIF
LMCELMD4: The LMD model derives from an earlier version developed for climate studies (cf. Sadourny and Laval 1984) . Subsequent modifications principally include changes in the representation of ...


36. MRI2 Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_MRI2]   PARENT DIF
The MRI model is derived from an earlier version of the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) model (cf. Arakawa and Mintz 1974 and Arakawa and Lamb 1977 ). Subsequent modifications include ...


37. MSU Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_MSU]   PARENT DIF
The MSU model was developed in 1989 for climate applications. The latest version of this model is significantly differ from the first version: a) it is used the simulation with seasonal resolution, ...


38. NASA/GISS Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_GISS]   PARENT DIF
The GISS model used for the PMIP experiment is a modified version of Model II that is described by Hansen et al. (1983) . The current model (described by Hansen et al., 1997) differs from this predecessor ...


39. UGAMP Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_UGAMP]   PARENT DIF
The UGAMP model is based on the ECMWF (cycle 27) model (cf. Tiedtke et al. 1988 and Simmons et al. 1989 ), but with modifications principally in the treatment of radiation, convection, surface fluxes, ...


40. UIUC11 Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_UIUC11]   PARENT DIF
The 11-layer tropospheric/lower-stratospheric GCM is a descendent of the 2-layer atmospheric GCM developed in the late 1960's and early 1970's by Arakawa and Mintz at UCLA , and subsequently developed ...


41. UKMO Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_UKMO]   PARENT DIF
The UKMO HADAM2 model part of the line of Unified Models (UM) intended to provide a common framework for forecasting and climate applications (cf. Cullen 1993 ). The dynamical formulations are those ...


42. YONU Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_YONU]   PARENT DIF
The model extends the vertical domain and resolution of the AMIP baseline model YONU Tr5.1 (4x5 L5) 1994 by the inclusion of 2 more vertical levels. The method of obtaining surface values of air temperature ...


43. CCM1 and CCM3 Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_CCM13]   PARENT DIF
CCM3: The Atmospheric model is the fourth generation NCAR Community Climate Model (version 3: CCM3). The CCM3 is an evolution of the CCM2 as described by Hack and al (1993,1994) and CCM2 is the historical ...


44. European Land Surface Conditions 6K Reconstruction [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_96-022]
These biomes are interpolated from 2014 pollen surface samples, for the Present, and from 343 pollen sites for 6000 yr BP. The coverage is relatively well balanced for the modern data, but the region ...


45. African 6000 Years B.P. Land Surface Conditions, WDC Paleoclimatology [NOAA_NGDC_PALEO_AFRICA6K]
This dataset describes land surface conditions at 6000 years B.P. on a 1 degree x 1 degree grid across northern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. It includes information on the percentage in each ...


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