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1. Temperature, salinity and current turbulence along an east to west transect across McMurdo Sound - K131_2007_2010_NZ_1 [K131_2007_2010_NZ_1]
The oceanography of McMurdo Sound was investigated by collecting current meter data, water samples, ice cores, under ice turbulence and Conductivity (salinity)-Temperature-Depth (CTD) profiles of ...


2. Temperature, salinity and current turbulence along an east to west transect across McMurdo Sound - K131_2007_2013_NZ_1 [K131_2007_2013_NZ_1]
The oceanography of McMurdo Sound was investigated by collecting current meter data, water samples, ice cores, under ice turbulence and Conductivity (salinity)-Temperature-Depth (CTD) profiles of ...


3. The distribution and identity of terrestrial plant communities of the Lower Taylor Valley including lichens, mosses, hypolithic and endolithic algae [K024_1989_1990_NZ_4]
In the 1989-1990 season collecting trips were made to the Kukri Hills and to Mt. Falconer to prepare an initial species list of the Lower Taylor Valley. In the 2002-2003 season walking trips were ...


4. Studies of the surface strain of Erebus Glacier Tongue to determine the process of calving [K009_1977_1978_NZ_3]
The surface deformation of the Erebus Glacier Tongue was measured in order to elucidate the calving mechanisms for the formation of icebergs. Surface strain, surface tilt, surface velocity and long ...


5. The geology of the Northern Britannia Range between the Hatherton and Byrd Glaciers [K009_1978_1979_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The geology of the Northern Britannia Range between the Hatherton and Byrd Glaciers was mapped and the landforms, soils and glacial history of the range was investigated. A four man team man-hauled ...


6. The physical properties of both sea ice and floating glacier ice of the Erebus Ice Tongue [K009_1980_1981_NZ_1]
Three separate strain sites at marked positions on a map were set up with numerous poles erected and revisited periodically on and around the Erebus ice tongue glacier. A helicopter was used to provide ...


7. Channel morphology, bedform and sediments of the Onyx River and the nature and origin of the Labyrinth in the Wright Valley [K009_1975_1976_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The Onyx River geomorphology was investigated by surveying 8 cross sections to illustrate the variation in channel and bank morphology from the mouth of the Onyx through to its final entry into Lake ...


8. Examination of the chemistry, physics and sedimentology of Lake Wilson, Waikato Valley, Brown Hills Region [K009_1974_1975_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Lake Wilson was examined to see if it contained permanent water. The thickness of the ice was described. 36 holes were drilled and the bathymetry was mapped. Surface sediment samples were collected ...


9. A geochemical reconnaisance of the salts in the soils of the Victoria Valley [K009_1972_1973_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A geochemical reconnaisance of the salts in the Victoria Valley was undertaken in the 1972/73 season. A field camp was set up at Lake Vida and the area from Lake Vida to Lake Vaska, Lake Clarke and ...


10. A survey of the Miers and Marshall Valley and Walcott Bay area for dating the formation of the major landforms [K009_1975_1976_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
A few days were spent in the Miers Valley to collect samples of gypsum for geochemical analyses. Surprisingly carbonate "biscuit" similar to that found in the Taylor Valley were found. Thus, we noted ...


11. Geochemistry investigations of landforms in the Ross Sea Region to determine past glacial history and landform processes [K009_1969_1970_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The geochemistry of Ross Island (Cape Barne and Cape Crozier), the Taylor and Wright Valleys, Lake Vida in Victoria Valley and Marble Point was studied (weathering and land formation) to determine ...


12. Investigation of Antarctic lakes and lake sediments in the Ross Sea Region [K009_1969_1990_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The study of Antarctic lakes and lake sediments in the Ross Sea Region, particularly in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, with particular emphasis on the climatic history was a continuing program of the Waikato ...


13. Richter footslope development in the Olympus Range [K009_1973_1974_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
In the 1973-74 season, two detailed traverses were made on Mt Circe and Mt Boreas in the Olympus Range. Bedrock slopes are easily accesible in this region and it is one of the few areas where the ...


14. Soil salt concentrations as indicators of prior lake levels: Lakes Bonney and Vanda [K009_1973_1974_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
In the belief that geochemical techniques may assist to unravel the complexities of the Antarctic glacial moraine, a project was undertaken to investigate the concentrations of salts in the soils ...


15. The Derrick Peak Meteorite Occurrence [K009_1978_1979_NZ_2]
While investigating the moraine deposits and geology on the northeast ridge of Derrick Peak above the Hatherton and McCraw Glacier, an important impact site of a meteorite shower was discovered. The ...


16. A vegetation assessment of Beaufort Island [K024_1996_1997_NZ_3]
The vegetation at Beaufort Island was assessed and a report written to ICAIR including a description of the area, species present, comparison to other Dry Valley vegetation, the merits of the vegetation ...


17. Assessment of the recovery of damage to mosses (from walking tracks, cores and slab removal) from the Taylor Valley [K024_1989_1990_NZ_3]
It is commonly accepted that mosses in the Dry Valley's grow very slowly. The recovery of mosses was investigated by locating and investigating in detail various damaged sites from previous activity ...


18. Collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mite (Stereotydius mollis) samples and surveys of the lower Taylor Valley for phylogenetic relationship studies [K024_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Both collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mites (Stereotydius mollis) were surveyed over the entire floor of the lower Taylor Valley with special attention paid to the stream areas and to wet ...


19. Comparative studies of vegetation surveys, maps, species lists and lichen growth rates of the Cape Hallett region (Seebee Hook, Willett Cove and the scree slopes surrounding them) with a 1968 study [K024_1998_1999_NZ_1]
The first botanical work at Cape Hallett was carried out when Hallett Station existed in the early to late 1960s. These studies were used for comparative purposes of vegetation cover and lichen growth ...


20. Estimates of growth rates of lichen from photographs of lichen thalli on the Mt Falconer summit and ridge and the Rhone Bench (above Lake Bonney), Taylor Valley [K024_1980_2008_NZ_1]
A small number of lichen thalli on Mt Falconer summit and ridge and the Rhone Bench (above Lake Bonney) were marked and photographed during the 80-81 field season. These plants were refound over subsequent ...


21. Examination of the photosynthetic behaviour (energy content, nutrient content, productivity and acclimation) of mosses and lichens throughout the summer season at Cape Hallett [K024_2004_2006_NZ_2]
A possible sign of climate change is likely to be improved production and growth in plants. The response of net photosynthetic rates were measured on the large areas of relatively uniform moss cover ...


22. Experimental measurements of the effects of the environmental factors (temperature, light, water content and carbon dioxide concentration) on the photosynthesis activity of Antarctic mosses and lichens at Cape Hallett [K024_1998_1999_NZ_2]
A detailed study of how the environmental factors temperature, light, water content and carbon dioxide concentration affected photosynthesis of the two common mosses Bryum argenteum and B. pseudotriquetrum ...


23. GIS mapping of vegetation cover at two specially protected areas; Botany Bay, Granite Harbour and Cape Bird [K024_2007_2008_NZ_2]
The ground cover of vegetation was mapped for the entire ASPA (Antarctic Specially Protected Areas) at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour and at Cape Bird including mosses, lichen and algae. The method for ...


24. Microfauna surveys of the vegetation of the Fryxell Stream flush area, Taylor Valley [K024_1989_1990_NZ_2]
Mosses were sampled from the Canada Glacier flush area, Taylor Valley, for included animals (major groups of microfauna in Antarctica are the protozoa, nematoda, tardigrada and rotifers) to attempt ...


25. Nutrient transfer from penguin colonies to the vegetation at Cape Hallett: A measurement of the transfer of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia [K024_2004_2006_NZ_3]
The transfer of nutrients from marine to terrestrial ecosystems are though to be important for vegetation. The transfer rate of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia from the penguin colonies to ...


26. Plant biodiversity survey of the Cape Hallett region [K024_2004_2006_NZ_1]
Changes in biodiversity (the numbers, types and amount of terrestrial lichens and mosses) are expected to be one signal for environmental change. Better collection techniques, better identification ...


27. Plant biodiversity survey of the Granite Harbour, Darwin Glacier and Cape Crozier regions [K024_2006_2008_NZ_2]
The distribution and identity of lichens, mosses and endolithic algae were examined at sites around Granite Harbour, the Darwin Glacier and Igloo Spur at Cape Crozier to extend sampling of the Ross ...


28. Population genetics of the lichen species Umbilicaria aprina, Umbilicaria decussata and Buellia frigida along a latitudinal gradient in the Ross Sea region [K024_2006_2008_NZ_1]
A latitudinal change in population genetics of selected lichen species was conducted to determine whether these lichen communities have spread along a latitudinal gradient from northern latitudes ...


29. The photosynthetic performance (photosynthesis response curves to light and water content at various temperatures) of the pale and dark forms of the lichen Usnea spacelata from Cape Royds [K024_1996_1997_NZ_4]
The photosynthetic performance of the fruticose lichen Usnea sphacelata was measured using advanced, climatised photosynthetic cuvettes at Scott Base. Individuals of the Usnea sp were identified and ...


30. The use of computer models to predict changes in patterns and processes of terrestrial ecosystems in Antarctica: real data from automatic weather stations and digital cameras, dust samplers and soil samples [K024_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Field work was carried out to add to the creation of a dynamic geographic information system in which the specific observations about patterns and processes of the physical environment, plus observations ...


31. Vegetation mapping of the Fryxell Stream flush, Taylor Valley [K024_1989_1990_NZ_1]
The Frxyell Stream flows into Lake Fryxell in the Taylor Valley. Canada Pond lies upstream of Lake Fryxell adjacent to the Canada Glacier. The Fryxell Stream flush, both the upper flush (flush area ...


32. Vegetation survey in a proposed long-term monitoring site at Castle Rock [K024_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The site, near Castle Rock was delineated in a previous season by another investigator. The area was carefully searched and plants located, identified and as necessary, collected for herbarium and ...


33. Vegetation surveys and trails of a 'tracker' system to allow both topography and plant occurrence to be mapped at Cape Royds [K024_1996_1997_NZ_2]
A species list and vegetation notes of the Cape Royds area was completed. A high density of lichens occurred (eg Usnea sphacelata)at Horseshoe Bay and inland near the ice edge (Caloplaca sp.). A 'tracker' ...


34. Vegetation surveys of Granite Harbour region including Cape Geology, Botany Bay, Kar Plateau, Lion Island, Couloir Cliffs and Flat Iron [K024_1989_2000_NZ_1]
A preliminary survey of the plant life was conducted at Botany Bay and Cape Geology (Granite Harbour) to prepare an initial species list and to assess the general richness of the area (1989-1990). ...


35. GIS analysis, biological samples (soil microorganism, invertebrate and plant), automatic weather station data and vegetation and invertebrate surveys to determine the terrestrial biocomplexity of the McMurdo Dry Valleys - K020_2008_2012_NZ_1 [K020_2008_2012_NZ_1]
The McMurdo Dry Valleys are the largest area of snow-free land in Antarctica. Managers ability to promote and protect these areas would benefit if we knew the biodiversity present and what controls ...


36. GIS analysis, biological samples (soil microorganism, invertebrate and plant), automatic weather station data and vegetation and invertebrate surveys to determine the terrestrial biocomplexity of the McMurdo Dry Valleys - K020_2008_2013_NZ_1 [K020_2008_2013_NZ_1]
The McMurdo Dry Valleys are the largest area of snow-free land in Antarctica. Managers ability to promote and protect these areas would benefit if we knew the biodiversity present and what controls ...


37. Behavioural and corticosterone responses of incubating and confined Adelie penguins to model Weddell seal, model leopard seals and a seal bag, Cape Bird, Ross Island 2003-2004 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_10]
Behavioural and corticosterone responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a model Weddell seal, a model Leopard seal and a seal bag were measured by measuring behaviour and collecting blood samples ...


38. Behavioural responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a novel object, Ross Island, 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_7]
The behavioural responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a person standing 1 meter away and to a cardboard shield of similar size to a person also at 1 meter distance were measured to determine ...


39. Blood and faecal samples from Adelie and emperor penguins at Cape Washington and Mandible Cirque, Ross Sea Region, Antarctica [K034_2001_2005_NZ_14]
Blood and faecal samples were collected from 96 emperor penguins at Cape Washington and from 29 Adelie penguins at Mandible Cirque. Plasma concentrations of corticosterone will be measured ...


40. Change in corticosterone levels and corticosterone response in arriving and departing Adelie penguins at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins were captured at Cape Bird, Ross Island in the 2001-2002 season to measure the effects of fasting on corticosterone responses in penguins departing from the rookery compared with those ...


41. Corticosterone and behavioural responses of emperor penguins to people and confinement, Cape Washington 2004-2005 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_12]
Corticosterone and behavioural responses of emperor penguins were measured in birds that were followed for up to 30 minutes. Blood samples were taken and corticosterone concentrations measured. Penguins ...


42. Corticosterone and behavioural responses to people of arriving and departing penguins temporarily confined, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_5]
The corticosterone and behavioural responses of incubating penguins was measured on incubating adelie penguins in the 2001-2002 season. In the 2002-2003 seasons that study was extended to include ...


43. Corticosterone response of incubating Adelie penguins to the presence of people at Mandible Cirque, North Victoria Land - a rookery previously not visited by people 2004-2005 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_13]
Approximately 20,000 pairs of Adelie penguins nest at Mandible Cirque on the northern Victoria Land Coast. This rookery had not previously been visited by people, providing the chance to compare responses ...


44. Corticosterone response of incubating Adelie penguins to the presence of people, Cape Bird [K034_2001_2005_NZ_2]
The corticosterone and behavioural responses of Adelie penguins to the presence of people was investigated to determine the minimum distance for a person to approach a penguin without initiating a ...


45. Corticosterone responses and body condition of penguins arriving at Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island. 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_3]
With unusual ice conditions around Ross Island as a consequence of the iceberg B15 being stationary north of Ross Island, penguins returning to rookeries had much further to walk than usuall. The ...


46. Corticosterone responses of Emperor Penguins in the Ross Sea Region [K034_2001_2005_NZ_9]
In the 2003-2004 season, 7 emperor penguins were sampled in the McMurdo Sound area. Birds were caught by hand and a single blood sample collected from a vein in the flipper. Each bird was then restrained ...


47. Diesease in Adelie and Emperor Penguins [K034_2001_2005_NZ_11]
Cloacal swabs were taken from Adelie penguins at Cape Crozier and Cape Bird (2003-2004 season) and at Mandible Cirque (2004-2005 season) and from emperor penguins in McMurdo Sound (2003-2004 season) ...


48. Variation in corticosterone responses to handling within and between Adelie penguins, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_4]
Corticosterone responses to handling and behavioural responses to the approach of a person are two responses of adelie penguins to potential stressors. We measured these responses in different birds ...


49. Variation in corticosterone responses within and between individuals of Adelie penguins, Ross Island 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_6]
Corticosterone responses to handling were measured three times at four day intervals in 24 Adelie penguins to quantify variation within and between birds in these responses. Blood samples were collected ...


50. Voluntary approach distance of Adelie penguins to people at Cape Bird, Ross Island 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_8]
The distance that walking Adelie penguins chose to approach people was measured for penguins on the beach at Cape Bird. A person stood in the path of an approaching penguin and then after the bird ...


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