Carbon Flux and Greenhouse Gasses of Restored and Degraded Greater Everglades Wetlands: Flux Tower Measurements of Water, Energy and Carbon Cycling in the Big Cypress National PreserveEntry ID: SOFIA_CarbonFlux
Abstract: Greenhouse gas emissions, specifically carbon dioxide (CO2), are commonly linked with increasing global temperatures and rising sea-level. Of particular concern are rates of sea-level rise and carbon cycling including CO2 emissions or "footprints" of urban areas and the capacity of plant communities to absorb and release CO2. Defining and predicting ecosystem response to regional (e.g., freshwater ... discharge) and global (e.g., sea level rise) environmental change will require empirical baseline data on the functioning of water, energy and carbon cycles within Greater Everglades ecosystems. However, measurements of carbon and surface-energy cycling are sparse over plant communities within Department of Interior (DOI) managed lands in south Florida. Specifically, the quantity of CO2 absorbed or released annually within subtropical forests and wetlands as well as carbon and energy cycling in response to changes in hydrology, salinity, forest-fires and/or other factors are poorly known. To reduce these uncertainties, eddy-covariance flux stations were constructed by the U.S. Geological Survey and South Florida Water Management District in the Big Cypress National Preserve in 2006. Water, energy and carbon fluxes are empirically measured at these stations. The goals of the project are to (1) quantify key variables of interest to researchers and policy makers such as latent heat flux (the energy equivalent of evapotranspiration), sensible heat flux, incoming solar radiation, net radiation, changes in stored heat energy, albedos, Bowen ratios, net ecosystem production (NEP), gross ecosystem production (GEP), ecosystem respiration; (2) understand variability and linkages within water, energy and carbon-cycles imposed by both natural processes and regional / global stresses; and (3) publish project results in USGS reports and peer-reviewed journal papers.
Defining and predicting ecosystem response to regional (e.g., freshwater discharge) and global (e.g., sea level rise) environmental change will require empirical baseline data on the state and functioning of water, energy and carbon cycles within DOI lands. However, measurements of carbon and surface-energy cycling are sparse over plant communities within DOI managed lands in south Florida. This project intends to measure water and surface energy fluxes within the BCNP. We propose to begin carbon cycling measurements in 2012 and 2013, as time and funding permits. Plant communities selected for study included Pine Upland, Marsh, Cypress Swamp, and Dwarf Cypress. These plant communities are spatially extensive within DOI lands and resources.
Purpose: The project objectives are to: (1) Quantify key variables in water energy and carbon cycles, such as latent heat flux (the energy equivalent of evapotranspiration), sensible heat flux, incoming solar radiation, net radiation, albedos, Bowen ratios, net ecosystem production (NEP), gross ecosystem production (GEP), and ecosystem respiration. (2) Understand variability and linkages within water energy and carbon-cycles imposed by both (a) natural processes and (b) secular regional and global stresses, such as changes in hydrology and sea-level rise. (3) Provide published water energy and carbon cycling data on the South Florida Information Access website (SOFIA) along with meta-data
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Barclay Shoemaker, Christian Lopez, David M. Sumner, Troy Bernier, and Katherine S. Petty
Dataset Title: Carbon Flux and Greenhouse Gasses of Restored and Degraded Greater Everglades Wetlands: Flux Tower Measurements of Water, Energy and Carbon Cycling in the Big Cypress National Preserve
Dataset Publisher: USGS SOFIA
Start Date: 2011-01-01Stop Date: 2013-09-30
Access Constraints None
Use Constraints Cite primary authors and database when using or publishing these data
Data Set Progress
W. B. Shoemaker and D.M. Sumner (2006), ALTERNATE CORRECTIONS FOR ESTIMATING ACTUAL WETLAND EVAPOTRANSPIRATION FROM POTENTIAL EVAPOTRANSPIRATION, Wetlands, 26, 2, 528-543, <http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1672/0277-5212%282006%2926%5B528%3...
W.B. Shoemaker, D.M. Sumner, and A. Castillo (2005), Estimating changes in heat energy stored within a column of wetland surface water and factors controlling their importance in surface energy budget, Water Resources Research, 51, W10411, <http://fl.water.usgs.gov/PDF_files/JA_Shoemaker.pdf>
W.B. Shoemaker, C.D. Lopez, and M. Duever (2011), Evapotranspiration over Spatially Extensive Plant Communities in the Big Cypress National Preserve, Southern Florida, 2007-2010, U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report, 2011-5212, <http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2011/5212
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2013-09-24
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-09-24