CO2, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Thomas Washington Cruise TUNES-1 in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean, CDIAC/NDP-062Entry ID: CDIAC_NDP062
Abstract: [Summary adopted from the NDP-062 documentation]
The Numeric Data Package NDP-062 consists of measurements of total
carbon dioxide (TCO2), total alkalinity (TALK), and radiocarbon
(delta14C), as well as hydrographic and chemical data, taken during
the Research Vessel (R/V) ... Thomas Washington Expedition TUNES-1 in the
Equatorial Pacific Ocean (Section P17C).
Conducted as part of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE),
the cruise began in San Diego, California, on May 31, 1991, and ended
in Papeete, Tahiti, on July 11, 1991. WOCE Meridional Section P17C,
along 135 W and between ~5 S and 36 N, was completed during the 42-day
expedition. All 123 hydrographic stations (including 9 large-volume
stations) were completed to the full water-column depth. Spacing
between stations was 30 nautical miles, except between 3 N and 3 S,
where it was 10 nautical miles. At 30 stations, CO2 measurements were
provided for the U.S. Department of Energy's Carbon Dioxide Program.
Hydrographic and chemical measurements made along WOCE Section P17C
included pressure, temperature, salinity, and oxygen (measured by
conductivity, temperature, and depth sensor), as well as bottle
measurements of salinity, oxygen, phosphate, nitrate, nitrite,
silicate, chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)-11, CFC-12, delta14C, TCO2, and
TALK. In addition, potential temperatures were calculated from the
The data set is available, free of charge, as a numeric data package
(NDP) from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center. The NDP
consists of two oceanographic data files; two FORTRAN 77
data-retrieval-routine files; a documentation file; and this printed
report, which describes the contents and format of all files and the
procedures and methods used to obtain the data.
CDIAC has provided an anonymous FTP area to all data files, retrieval
codes, and descriptive files for the NDP's that are presently
available. The FTP address for the ndp062 database is:
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: C. Goyet, R.M. Key, K.F. Sullivan, and M. Tsuchiya
Dataset Title: CO2, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Thomas Washington Cruise TUNES-1 in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean
Dataset Series Name: NDP-062
Dataset Release Date: 1996
Dataset Release Place: Oak Ridge, TN
Dataset Publisher: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis CenterOnline Resource: http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/oceans/ndp_062/ndp062.html
Start Date: 1991-05-31Stop Date: 1991-07-11
OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > WATER DEPTH
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > ALKALINITY > TOTAL ALKALINITY
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > CARBON
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > CARBON DIOXIDE > TOTAL CARBON DIOXIDE
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > DISSOLVED GASES > CFCS
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > HYDROCARBONS
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > INORGANIC CARBON
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITRATE
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITRITE
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NUTRIENTS
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PH
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PHOSPHATE
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > RADIOCARBON
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > SILICATE
OCEANS > OCEAN PRESSURE > WATER PRESSURE
OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > POTENTIAL TEMPERATURE
OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > CONDUCTIVITY
OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > DENSITY
OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY
Quality An important part of the NDP process at the Carbon Dioxide Information
Analysis Center (CDIAC) involves the quality assurance (QA) review of
data before distribution. To guarantee data of the highest possible
quality, CDIAC conducts extensive QA reviews that involve examining
... the data for completeness, reasonableness, and accuracy. Although
they have common objectives, these reviews are tailored to each data
set and often require extensive programming efforts. In short, the QA
process is a critical component in the value-added concept of
supplying accurate, usable data for researchers. For complete details
on the quality analysis done on the NDP-062 data set, see the NDP-062
documentation in: http://cdiac.ESD.ORNL.GOV/ftp/ndp062/
Access Constraints None
Use Constraints None
Data Set Progress
Email: key at princeton.edu
Department of Geosciences, Sayre Hall Princeton University
Province or State: NJ
Postal Code: 08544
Rosensteil School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway University of Miami
Province or State: FL
Postal Code: 33149-1098
Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego
City: La Jolla
Province or State: CA
Postal Code: 92093-0210
Atlas, E. L., S. W. Hager, L. I. Gordon, and P. K. Park. 1971. A
Practical Manual for Use of the Technicon in Seawater Nutrient
Analyses; rev. ed. Technical Report 215, Refs. 71-22. Department of
Oceanography, Oregon State University, Corvallis.
Bradshaw, A. L., and P. G. ... Brewer. 1988. High precision measurements
of alkalinity and total carbon dioxide in seawater by potentiometric
titration. Mar. Chem. 23:69-86.
Bradshaw, A. L., P. G. Brewer, D. Shafer, and R. T. Williams. 1981.
Measurements of total carbon dioxide and alkalinity by potentiometric
titration in the GEOSECS program. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 55:99-115.
Brewer, P. G., A. L. Bradshaw, and R. T. Williams. 1986.
Measurements of total carbon dioxide and alkalinity in the North
Atlantic Ocean in 1981. pp. 358 81. In: D. Reichle (ed.), The Global
Carbon Cycle: Analysis of the Natural Cycle and Implications of
Anthropogenic Alterations for the Next Century. Springer-Verlag, New
Brewer, P. G., C. Goyet, and D. Dyrssen. 1989. Carbon dioxide
transport by ocean currents at 25 N latitude in the Atlantic Ocean.
Broecker, W. S., and E. A. Olson. 1961. Lamont radiocarbon
measurements VIII: Radiocarbon 3:176-274.
Bryden, H. L., and M. M. Hall. 1980. Heat transport by ocean
currents across 25 N latitude in the North Atlantic Ocean. Science
Bullister, J. L., and R. F. Weiss. 1988. Determination of CCl3F and
CCl2F2 in seawater and air. Deep-Sea Res. 35:839-53.
Carpenter, J. H. 1965. The Chesapeake Bay Institute technique for
the Winkler dissolved oxygen method. Limnol. & Oceanogr. 10:141-43.
Cohen, G. J., D. L. Hutton, K. F. Von Reden, E. A. Osborne,
A. R. Gagnon, A. P. McNichol, and G. A. Jones. 1994. Automated
sample processing at the National Ocean Sciences AMS
Facility. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B Beam Interactions
with Materials and Atoms 92(1-4), 129-38.
Culberson, C. H., and R. T. Williams. 1991. A comparison of methods
for the determination of dissolved oxygen in seawater. Report No. WHPO
91-2. WOCE Hydrographic Programme Office, Woods Hole Oceanographic
Institution, Woods Hole, Mass.
Dyrssen, D., 1965. A gran titration of seawater on board Sagitta.
Acta Chem. Scand. 19:225-46.
Fonselius, S., and H. G. stlund. 1959. Natural radiocarbon
measurements on surface water from the North Atlantic and the Arctic
Sea. Tellus Ser. A 11:77-82.
Gagnon, A. R., and G. A. Jones. 1993. AMS-graphite target production
methods at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution during 1986 1991.
Goyet, C., and S. D. Hacker. 1992. Procedure for calibration of a
coulometric system used for total inorganic carbon measurements of
seawater. Mar. Chem. 38:37-51.
Guenther, P. R., C. D. Keeling, and G. Emanuele III. 1994. Oceanic
CO2 Measurements for the WOCE Hydrographic Survey in the Pacific
Ocean, 1990 1991: Shore Based Analyses. SIO Reference Series,
Ref. No. 94-28. University of California, San Diego.
Johnson, K. M., A. E. King, and J. M. Sieburth. 1985. Coulometric
TCO2 analyses for marine studies: An introduction.
Mar. Chem. 16:61-82.
Johnson, K. M., J. M. Sieburth, P. J. Williams, and L. Brandstrom.
1987. Coulometric total carbon dioxide analysis for marine studies:
Automation and calibration. Mar. Chem. 21:117-33.
Key, R. M. 1991. Radiocarbon. In: WOCE Hydrographic Operations and
Methods Manual, Report No. WHPO 91-68. WOCE Hydrographic Programme
Office. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass.
Key, R. M. 1996a. P17C TUNES-1 final report for large volume
samples. Ocean Tracer Laboratory Technical Report No. 96-2. Princeton
University, Princeton, N.J.
Key, R. M. 1996b. P17C TUNES-1 final report for AMS 14C samples.
Ocean Tracer Laboratory Technical Report No. 96-3. Princeton
University, Princeton, N.J.
McNichol, A. P., and G. A. Jones. 1991. Measuring 14C in seawater by
accelerator mass spectrometry. In: WOCE Hydrographic Operations and
Methods Manual, Report No. WHPO 91-68. WOCE Hydrographic Programme
Office, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass.
Roemmich, D., and C. Wunsch. 1985. Two transatlantic sections:
Meridional circulation and heat flux in the subtropical North Atlantic
Ocean. Deep-Sea Res. 32:619-64.
Stuiver, M. 1980. Workshop on 14C reporting. Radiocarbon 22:964-66.
Stuiver, M., and S. W. Robinson. 1974. University of Washington
GEOSECS North Atlantic carbon-14 results. Earth
Planet. Sci. Lett. 23:87-90.
Stuiver, M., S. W. Robinson, H. G. stlund, and H. G. Dorsey.
1974. Carbon-14 calibration between the University of Washington and
the University of Miami GEOSECS laboratories. Earth
Planet. Sci. Lett. 23:65-68.
UNESCO. 1981. Background Papers and Supporting Data on the Practical
Salinity Scale, 1978. UNESCO Technical Papers in Marine Science,
No. 37. 144 pp.
Williams, P. J. 1990. Oceans, Carbon, and Climate Change. Scientific
Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR), Halifax, Canada.
Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2009-01-21