Demography and Movements of Apapane and Iiwi in HawaiiEntry ID: brdpier0005
Abstract: Density, annual survival, philopatry, and movements of two species of
Hawaiian honeycreepers, the Apapane (Himatione sanguinea) and the Iiwi
(Vestiaria coccinea), were studied at four sites on the island of Hawaii.
Highest densities of both species occurred during the breeding season and were
highly correlated with flowering by Metrosideros. Annual survival probability
(the complement of which ... includes permanent emigration) was 0.13 +/- 0.07 for
hatching-year (HY) Apapane, 0.72 +/- 0.11 for adult Apapane, 0.09 +/- for HY
Iiwi,and 0.55 +/- 0.12 for adult Iiwi. Survival of adult Iiwi was the lowest
of six species of native Hawaiian forest birds and may be related to their high
susceptibilty to avian disease. Small resident populations of both species
remained on our study sites throughout the year, but 78% of 1,361 Apapane and
82% of 891 Iiwi were never captured or seen after their initial capture.
Widespread movements of Apapane and Iiwi in response to the seasonal and patchy
availability of Metrosideros nectar have important implications for disease
transmission since Apapane are the primary carrier of avian malaria and avian
pox in Hawaii,and Iiwi appear to be highly susceptible to mortality from
Island of Hawaii at four study areas: Keauhou Ranch (19.52, -155.33; 1,740 m
elevation), Kilauea Forest (19.52, -155.32; 1,630 m), Hamakua (19.78, -155.33;
1,770 m), and Kau Forest (19.22, -155.65; 1,750 m). 1.5.2 Bounding Rectangle
Estimated the density of Apapane and Iiwi using the variable circular-plot
method (Reynolds et al. 1980) during 8-minute counts, as described in Ralph
(1981) and Ralph and Fancy (1994).
Purpose: To determine density, annual survival, philopatry, and movements of two
species of Hawaiian honeycreepers, the Apapane (Himatione sanguinea) and the
Iiwi (Vestiaria coccinea).
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: C. John Ralph and Steven G. Fancy
Dataset Title: Demography and movements of Apapane and Iiwi in Hawaii
Dataset Release Date: 1995
Dataset Release Place: Hawaii National Park, HI
Dataset Publisher: U.S. Forest Service, Redwood Sciences LaboratoryOnline Resource: http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/rsl/projects/wild/ralph/ralph9.pdf
Start Date: 1976-11-01Stop Date: 1982-01-31
BIOSPHERE > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > FORESTS
BIOSPHERE > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > ISLANDS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > MIGRATORY RATES/ROUTES
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > USE/FEEDING HABITATS
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > RANGE CHANGES
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > POPULATION DYNAMICS
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > SURVIVAL RATES
ISO Topic Category
Access Constraints none
Use Constraints none
Data Set Progress
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (970) 225-3571
Email: steve_fancy at nps.gov
National Park Service Natural Resource Information Division 1201 Oak Ridge Drive, Suite 150
City: Fort Collins
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80525-5589
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Global Change Master Directory
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
C.John Ralph and Steven G. Fancy. 1995. Demography and movements of Apapane
and Iiwi in Hawaii, The Condor, 97, The Cooper Ornithological Society, pp.
A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. 1997. The Academy of Natural Sciences, The American Ornithologists' Union, The Birds of North America, No. 296, The Academy of Natural Sciences and The American Ornithologists' Union, Philadelphia, PA and Washington, D.C.
Reynolds, R.T., J.M. Scott, and R.A. Nussbaum. 1980. A variable circular-plot method for estimating bird numbers, Condor, 82, pp. 309-313.
Roeder, K., B. Dennis, and E.O. Garton. 1987. Estimating density from variable circular plot censuses, J. Wildl. Manage., 51, pp. 224-230.
Ralph, C.J., G.R. Geupel, P. Pyle, T.E. Martin, and D.F. DeSante. 1993. Manual of field methods for monitoring land birds, General Technical Report PSW-GTR, U.S. Forest Service, Albany, CA, pp. 165-174.
Pyle, P., S.N.G. Howell, R.P. Yunick, and D.F. DeSante. 1987. Identification guide to North American paasserines, Slate Creek Press, Bolinas, California, 278 p.
C. John Ralph and Steven G. Fancy. 1994. Timing of breeding and molting in six species of Hawaiian honeycreepers, Condor, 96, pp. 151-161.
Zar, J.H. 1984. Biostatistical analysis. 2nd ed. Prentice-Hall, Englewood
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Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-10-18