Emergency Assessment of Debris-Flow Hazards from Basins Burned by the Cedar and Paradise Fires of 2003, Southern CaliforniaEntry ID: USGS_OFR_2004_1011
Abstract: These maps present preliminary assessments of the probability of debris-flow
activity and estimates of peak discharges that can potentially be generated by
debris flows issuing from basins burned by the Cedar and Paradise Fires of
October 2003 in southern California in response to 25-year, 10-year, and 2-year
recurrence, 1-hour duration rain storms. The probability maps are based on the
... application of a logistic multiple regression model that describes the percent
chance of debris-flow production from an individual basin as a function of
burned extent, soil properties, basin gradients, and storm rainfall. The
peak-discharge maps are based on application of a multiple-regression model
that can be used to estimate debris-flow peak discharge at a basin outlet as a
function of basin gradient, burn extent, and storm rainfall. Probabilities of
debris-flow occurrence for the Cedar Fire range between 0 and 98% and estimates
of debris-flow peak discharges range between 893 and 5,987 ft3/s (25 to 170
m3/s). Basins burned by the Paradise Fire show probabilities for debris-flow
occurrence between 2 and 98%, and peak discharge estimates between 1,814 and
5,980 ft3/s (51 and 169 m3/s). These maps are intended to identify those basins
that are most prone to the largest debris-flow events and provide critical
information for the preliminary design of mitigation measures and for the
planning of evacuation timing and routes.
[Summary provided by the USGS.]
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Susan H. Cannon, Joseph E. Gartner, Michael G. Rupert, and John A. Michael
Dataset Title: Emergency Assessment of Debris-Flow Hazards from Basins Burned by the Cedar and Paradise Fires of 2003, Southern California
Dataset Series Name: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report
Dataset Release Date: 2004
Dataset Release Place: Denver, CO
Dataset Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Data Presentation Form: Maps, tablesOnline Resource: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1011/
AGRICULTURE > FOREST SCIENCE > FOREST FIRE SCIENCE
AGRICULTURE > SOILS
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > STORMS > RAIN STORMS
ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > LIQUID PRECIPITATION > RAIN > RAINFALL AMOUNT
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT > LAND MANAGEMENT
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT > LAND MANAGEMENT > LAND USE CLASSES
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > WILDFIRES > FOREST FIRES
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > FLOODS > DEBRIS FLOW
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > DISCHARGE/FLOW
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > DRAINAGE
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > FLOODS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > HYDROPATTERN
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > LAKES
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > RIVERS/STREAMS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > RUNOFF
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > TOTAL SURFACE WATER
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > WATER CHANNELS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > WETLANDS
LAND SURFACE > EROSION/SEDIMENTATION > SEDIMENT TRANSPORT > DEBRIS FLOW
LAND SURFACE > LAND USE/LAND COVER > LAND USE/LAND COVER CLASSIFICATION
LAND SURFACE > LAND USE/LAND COVER > LAND PRODUCTIVITY
LAND SURFACE > LAND USE/LAND COVER > LAND RESOURCES
LAND SURFACE > LAND USE/LAND COVER > LAND USE CLASSES
LAND SURFACE > SOILS
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > FIRE ECOLOGY > FIRE DYNAMICS
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > FIRE ECOLOGY > FIRE OCCURRENCE
ISO Topic Category
Access Constraints None
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: Online
Fees: No fees
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: cannon at usgs.gov
U.S. Geological Survey DFC, MS 966
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80225
Bigio, E.R., and Cannon, S.H., 2001, Compilation of post-wildfire data from the western United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-Fle Report 02-443 &http://landslides.usgs.gov/&.
Bonnin, G.M., Todd, D., Lin, B., Parzybok, T., Yekta, M., and Riley, D., 2003, Precipitation Frequency Atlas of the United States: NOAA Atlas 14, Volume 1, Version 2, NOAA, National Weather Service, Silver Spring, Maryland. &http://hdsc.nws.noaa.gov&
Cannon, S.H., 2000, Debris-flow response of southern California watersheds
recently burned by wildfire, in Wieczorek, G.F., and Naeser, N.D, eds.,
Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation -- Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment,
Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards
Mitigation, Taipei, Taiwan, 16-18 August 2000: A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, p.
Cannon, S.H., 2001, Debris-flow generation from recently burned watersheds:
Environmental & Engineering Geoscience, v. 7, p. 321-341.
Cannon, S.H., Kirkham, R.M. and Parise, M., 2001, Wildfire-related debris-flow initiation processes, Storm King Mountain, Colorado: Geomorphology, v. 39, p. 171-188.
Griffiths, P.G., Webb, R.H., and Melis, T.S., 1996, Inititation and frequency of debris flows in Grand Canyon, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-491, 35 pp.
Helsel, D.R., and Hirsch, R.M., 2002, Statistical methods in water resources, Studies in Environmental Science 49: Elsevier, Amsterdam, 489 p.
Hosmer, D.W., and Lemeshow, S., 2000, Applied Logistic Regression, 2nd edition: New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 375 p.
Inman, D.L., 1952, Measures for describing the size distribution of sediments: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 22, p. 125-145.
Iverson, R.M., 1997, The physics of debris flow, Reviews in Geophysics, v. 35, p. 245-296.
Johnson, A.M., and Rodine, J.R., 1984, Debris flow, in Brunsden, D.
and Prior D.B., eds., Slope Instability, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. New York.
Key, C.H. and Benson, N.C., 2000, Landscape assessment, in Fire effects
monitoring system (FireMon): integration of standardized field data collection techniques and sampling design with remote sensing to assess fire effects, D. Lutes, et al., USDA and USDI Joint Fire Sciences.
Melton, M.A., 1965, The geomorphic and paleoclimatic significance of alluvial deposits in southern Arizona: Journal of Geology, v. 73, p. 1-38.
Meyer, G.A., and Wells, S.G., 1997, Fire-related sedimentation events on
alluvial fans, Yellowstone National Park, U.S.A.: Journal of Sedimentary
Research, v. 67, no. 5, p. 776-791.
O?Connor, J.E., Hardison, J.H., III, and Costa, J.E., 2001, Debris flows from
failures of Neoglacial-age moraine dams in the Three Sisters and Mount
Jefferson Wilderness Areas, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1606,93 p.
Scott, K.M., 1971, Origin and Sedimentology of 1969 Debris Fows near Glendora,
California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 750-C, p. C242-C247.
Schwartz, G.E, and Alexander, R.B., 1995, State Soil Geographic (STATSGO)
database for the conterminous United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-449, &http://water.usgs.gov/lookup/getspatial?ussoils&.
Spittler, T.E., 1995, Fire and debris flow potential of winter storms, in
Keely, J.E., and Scott, T., eds., Brushfires in California Wildlands -- Ecology and Resource Management: International Association of Wildland Fire, Fairfield, WA.
State of California, 1969, Geologic map of California, Olaf P. Jenkins edition, Los Angeles sheet, compiled by Charles W. Jennings and Rudolph G. Strand: Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, 1:250,000 scale.
Extended Metadata Properties
(Click to view more)
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2004-08-27
Last DIF Revision Date: 2008-05-30