Introduced Collembola from Subantarctic islandsEntry ID: ASAC_1043
Abstract: From the abstract for the referenced paper.
Alien invertebrates pose considerable threats to subantarctic island ecosystems and with warming climates, because the likelihood of immigrants establishing breeding populations on these islands, is increasing. These species can have profound effects on ecosystem structure and function and are capable of influencing landscape values. An assessment ... protocol has been designed to allow prioritisation of the risk of alien invasion. The protocol is tested for Heard Island using Collembola. Twenty species already present on other subantarctic islands were chosen as candidate taxa. They were scored from 1 to 5 according to five criteria, distribution, life history, habitat, ecosystem synchrony and dispersal ability. They can be considered to represent:
1) proximity potential
2) population potential
3) establishment potential
4) persistence potential
5) spread potential
The scores are summed to give a total invasion risk potential, so that species can be ranked in order of probability of introduction to Heard Island. The highest ranked species include members of the family Hypogastruridae, already recorded from South Georgia and the Antarctic Peninsula, and certain soil-dwelling, parthenogenic Isotomidae. Appropriate management strategies are proposed to reduce the risk of the high priority species being introduced to Heard Island.
A further breakdown of the five criteria is listed below:
Each criterion is divided into 4 parts (or 5 in the case of criteria 2), and each part consists of a question for which only a yes/no answer is possible. A positive answer to each question gives a score of 1, whereas a negative answer gives a score of zero.
1) Maximum score 4. a) Proximity: does it originate in the Northern Hemisphere?; b) extent: has it dispersed from its origin?; c) dispersal ability: is the area it has so far invaded large probably as a result of multiple invasions?; d) area invaded: does it occur in adjacent regions with similar climates (in this case other subantarctic islands? If so, how many of the six; Crozet, Heard, Kerguelen, Macquarie, Marion, South Georgia)?
2) Maximum score 5. a) Reproduction: Is it parthenogenetic?; b) population size: does it have a rapid intrinsic rate of increase ie is it r selected?; c) length of life cycle: is the life cycle short at the ambient temperatures to be encountered?; d) feeding type: does it have generalist feeding habits?; e) seasonality: will it be able to survive from season to season ie does it have a resting or resistant stage?
3) Maximum score 4. a) General habitat: are there any suitable habitats available?; b) microhabitat preference: is the preferred microhabitat present?; c) macrohabitat preference: is the preferred macrohabitat present?; d) predator vulnerability: will it be relatively free of heavy predation?
4) Maximum score 4. a) Climatic limitations, temperature: are the normal climatic temperatures to be encountered suitable for at least some of the time?; b) climatic limitations, humidity: are the normal humidities to be encountered suitable?; c) Tolerance of climatic variations to be encountered: can the normal climatic variations to be encountered tolerable?; d) tolerance of climatic extremes to be encountered: can the extreme climatic variations to be encountered be tolerated?
5) Maximum score 4. a) Wind: can the species be dispersed by wind?; b) water: can the species be dispersed by water (fresh or saline)?; c) human intervention: is the species dispersed in mechanised transport systems in packing materials, plants, soil or food?; d) animals/birds: is the species dispersed naturally by other organisms eg birds?
The fields in this dataset are:
(Click for Interactive Map)
Start Date: 2000-01-01Stop Date: 2002-06-30
ISO Topic Category
Quality The dates given in temporal coverage are approximate only. The project commenced early in 2000 and finished in mid 2002.
Access Constraints The dataset is available at the url given below.
The data are presented in excel spreadsheets (saved in csv format) and microsoft word documents.
Use Constraints This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: HTTP
Distribution Format: .csv
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +61 2 6249 3069
Fax: +61 2 6249 5573
Email: paul.cooper at anu.edu.au
DIVISION OF BOTANY AND ZOOLOGY Australian National University GPO BOX 4
Province or State: Australian Capital Territory
Postal Code: 6200
Phone: +61 3 5327 6205
Email: p.greenslade at ballarat.edu.au
Centre for Environmental Management School of Science and Engineering University of Ballarat Mt Helen Campus, University Drive
City: Mt Helen
Province or State: Victoria
Postal Code: 3353
Greenslade, P. (2002), Assessing the rist of exotic Collembola invading subantarctic islands: prioritising quarantine management., Pedobiologia, 46, 338-344, See the word document in the data file for a complete reference list.
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2000-08-09
Last DIF Revision Date: 2011-04-21