Last of the Wild Project, Version 1, 2002 (LWP-1): Global Human Footprint Dataset (IGHP)Entry ID: CIESIN_SEDAC_LWP_HFP_IGHP
Abstract: The Global Human Footprint Dataset of the Last of the Wild Project, Version 1, 2002 (LWP-1) is the Human Influence Index (HII) normalized by biome and realm. The HII is a global dataset of 1-kilometer grid cells, created from nine global data layers covering human population pressure (population density, population settlements), human land use and infrastructure (built up areas, nighttime lights, ... land use/land cover), and human access (coastlines, roads, railroads, navigable rivers). The dataset is produced by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) and is available in the Interrupted Goode Homolosine Projection (IGHP) system.
The data in Band Interleaved by Line (BIL) format in the Interrupted Goode Homolosine Projection (IGHP) system are available from the NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC).
Purpose: To provide a map of anthropogenic impacts on the environment in the Interrupted Goode Homosoline Projection which can be used in wildlife conservation planning, natural resource management, and research on human-environment interactions.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Arctic Research Program
Dataset Release Date: 2009
Dataset Publisher: Arctic Report Card 2009Online Resource: http://www.arctic.noaa.gov/reportcard/vegetation.html
Start Date: 1982-01-01Stop Date: 2008-12-31
ISO Topic Category
Bhatt, U., D. A. Walker, M. K. Raynolds, and J. Comiso (2008), Circumpolar and regional analysis of the relationship between sea-ice variability, summer land-surface temperatures, Arctic tundra greenness and large-scale climate drivers, NASA Carbon Cycle and Ecosystems Joint Science Workshop, Adelphi, MD, NASA, http://cce.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/meeting_2008/mtg2008_ab_search.pl., Abstract ID 363
Bunn, A. G., S. J. Goetz, J. S. Kimball, and K. Zhang (2007), Northern high-latitude ecosystems respond to climate change., Eos, Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 88, 333-334
Epstein, H. E., D. A. Walker, M. K. Raynolds, G. J. Jia, and A. M. Kelley (2008), Phytomass patterns across a temperature gradient of the North American arctic tundra., J. Geophys. Res., 113, G03S02, doi:doi:10.1029/2007JG000555
Goetz, S. J., A. G. Bunn, G. J. Fiske, and R. A. Houghton (2005), Satellite-observed photosynthetic trends across boreal North America associated with climate and fire disturbance., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 102, 13521–13525
Jia, G. J., H. E. Epstein, and D. A. Walker (2003), Greening of arctic Alaska, 1981–2001., Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 2067, doi:doi:10.1029/2003GL018268
Lawrence, D. M., A. G. Slater, R. A. Tomas, M. M. Holland, and C. Deser (2008), Accelerated Arctic land warming and permafrost degradation during rapid sea ice loss., Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L11506, doi:doi:10.1029/2008GL033985
Lucht, W., and Coauthors (2002), Climatic control of the high-latitude vegetation greening trend and Pinatubo effect., Science, 296, 1687-1689
Myneni, R. B., C. D. Keeling, C. J. Tucker, G. Asrar, and R. R. Nemani (1997), Increased plant growth in the northern high latitudes from 1981 to 1991., Nature, 38, 698-702
Tape, K., M. Sturm, and C. Racine (2006), The evidence for shrub expansion in Northern Alaska and the Pan-Arctic., Global Change Biol., 12, 686–702
Verbyla, D. (2008), The greening and browning of Alaska based on 1982–2003 satellite data., Global Ecol. Biogeogr, 17, 547–555
Walker, D. A., and Coauthors (2008), Arctic patterned- ground ecosystems: A synthesis of field studies and models along a North American Arctic Transect., J. Geophys. Res., 113, G03S01, doi:doi:10.1029/2007JG000504.
Zhou, L., C. J. Tucker, R. K. Kaufmann, D. Slayback, N. V. Shabanov, I. Fung, and R. B. Myneni (2001), Variations in northern vegetation activity inferred from satellite data of vegetation index during 1981 to 1999., J. Geophys. Res., D17, 106, 20069-20083
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2010-08-09
Last DIF Revision Date: 2011-05-20