Global Volcano Total Economic Loss Risk DecilesEntry ID: CIESIN_CHRR_NDH_VOLCANO_TELRD
Abstract: Global Volcano Total Economic Loss Risk Deciles is a 2.5 minute grid of global volcano total economic loss risks. First, subnational distributions of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are computed using a two-fold process. Where applicable, the proportional contribution of subnational units are determined following the methodology of Sachs et al. (2003) and these proportions are used against World Bank ... Development Indicators to determine a GDP value for the subnational unit. Once a national GDP has been spatially stratified into the smallest administrative units available, it is further distributed based upon Gridded Population of the World, Version 3 (GPWv3) population distributions. A per capita contribution value is determined for each unit, and this value is multiplied by the population per grid cell. Once the GDP has been determined on a per grid cell basis, then the spatially variable loss rate as derived from EM-DAT historical records is used to determine the total economic loss posed to a grid cell by volcano hazards. The final surface does not present absolute values of total economic loss, but rather a relative decile (1-10) ranking of grid cells based upon the calculated economic loss risks. This dataset is the result of collaboration among the Columbia University Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, and Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN).
The data in American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) and dBASE (DBF) formats and a map in Portable Document Format (PDF) and Portable Network Graphics (PNG) formats are available from the NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC).
Purpose: To provide a spatial surface of the total economic impacts of global volcano hazard.
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Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank
Dataset Title: Global Volcano Total Economic Loss Risk Deciles
Dataset Release Date: 2005
Dataset Release Place: Palisades, NY
Dataset Publisher: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University
Data Presentation Form: raster, mapOnline Resource: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-volcano-total-economi...
Start Date: 2000-01-01Stop Date: 2000-01-01
Latitude Resolution: 0.0417 Decimal degrees
Longitude Resolution: 0.0417 Decimal degrees
Horizontal Resolution Range: 1 km - < 10 km or approximately .01 degree - < .09 degree
Quality The population per grid cell (item Pop) is based upon the population data of Gridded Population of the World, Version 3 (GPWv3). The area per grid cell (Areakm) is calculated by subtracting from the area of the grid cell those areas that are permanently inundated as identified using VMAP (0)/Digital Chart of the World. Building upon a methodology developed by Sachs et al. (2003), a Gross Domestic ... Product (GDP) value (US$, 2000, purchase power parity adjusted (PPP)) is estimated for each grid cell. The process begins by determining the contribution of each subnational unit to national GDP using data of varied origin. The ratio of the subnational production to the national GDP is the contribution ratio. To ensure uniformity between countries, these contribution ratios are utilized with published World Bank estimates of GDP.
Once a standardized version of subnational GDP had been calculated, this value was further divided by the total population within the subnational unit. This subnational, per-person GDP value was multiplied by the grid cell population density to determine a GDP for the grid cell.
Regional loss rates derived from the historical records of EM-DAT were utilized in conjecture with the vulnerability data within Global Volcano Hazard Frequency and Distribution and the GDP per grid cell to assess the total economic loss risks posed by volcano hazard. Since the resultant range of economic loss risks varied widely, the natural log was taken before classifying into deciles, 10 classes of approximately an equal number of grid cells.
Access Constraints None
Use Constraints The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York, Center for Hazards
and Risk Research (CHRR), and International Bank for Reconstruction and
... Development/The World Bank hold the copyright of this dataset. Users are
prohibited from any commercial, resale, or redistribution without explicit
written permission from CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank. Users should
acknowledge CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank as the source used in the creation
of any reports, publications, new datasets, derived products, or services
resulting from the use of this dataset. CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank
request reprints of any publications and notification of any redistribution
Data Set Progress
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (416) 978-3375
Email: lband at eos.geog.utoronto.ca
University of Toronto Department of Geography
Province or State: Ontario
Postal Code: M5T 1A1
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (865) 574-7447
Email: uso at daac.ornl.gov
ORNL DAAC User Services Office Oak Ridge National Laboratory
City: Oak Ridge
Province or State: TN
Postal Code: 37831-6407
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 1999-01-30
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-01-23