TOVS GLA MONTHLY GRIDS from NOAA-11 V001 (TOVSAMNH) at GES DISC
Entry ID: GES_DISC_TOVSAMNH_V001

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Summary
Abstract: This dataset contains the TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS)
level 3 geophysical parameters derived using the physical retrieval
method of Susskind et al. (1984) and processed by the Satellite Data
Utilization Office of the Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheres at
NASA/GSFC. This method, which is hydrodynamic model- and a priori
data-dependent, is designated as the so-called Path A scheme by the
TOVS Pathfinder Science Working Group. The 20 channel High resolution
Infrared Radiation Sounder 2 (HIRS2) and the 4 channel Microwave
Sounding Unit (MSU) aboard the NOAA-xx series of Polar Orbiting
Satellites are used to produce global fields of the 3-dimensional
temperature-moisture structure of the atmosphere. In addition to
profiles of temperature and moisture, the HIRS2/MSU data are used to
derive important quantities such as land and sea surface temperature,
outgoing longwave radiation, cloud fraction, cloudtop height, total
ozone overburden and precipitation estimates.

The Path A system steps through an interactive
forecast-retrieval-analysis cycle. In each 6 hour synoptic period, a
2nd order General Circulation Model (Takacs et al., 1994) is used to
generate the 6 hour forecast fields of temperature and humidity. These
global fields are used as the first guess for all soundings occuring
within a 6 hour time window centered upon the forecast time. These
retrievals are then assimilated with all available insitu measurements
(such as radiosonde and ship reports) in the 6 hour interval using an
Optimal Interpolation (OI) analysis scheme developed by the Data
Assimilation Office of the Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheres. This
analysis is then used to specify the initial conditions for the next 6
hour forecast, thus completing the cycle.

The retrieval algorithm itself is a physical method based on the
iterative relaxation technique originally proposed by Chahine
(1968). The basic approach consists of modifying the temperature
profile from the previous iteration by an amount proportional to the
difference between the observed brightness temperatures and the
brightness temperatures computed from the trial parameters using the
full radiative transfer equation applied at the observed satellite
zenith angle. For the case of the temperature profile, the updated
layer mean temperatures are given as a linear combination of
multichannel brightness temperature differences with the coefficients
given by the channel weighting functions. Constraints are imposed upon
the solution in order to ensure stability and convergence of the
iterative process. For more details see Susskind et al (1984).

There are 6 level 3 data product files, each of which is in the HDF
format and each representative of a different averaging time
period. All files contain the same number of geophysical parameter
arrays stored as HDF Scientific Data Sets (SDSs). The time periods
include daily, 5 day (pentad) and monthly, with the AM and PM portions
of the orbits treated separately. All data are mapped to a 1 degree
longitude by 1 degree latitude global grid.

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Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: -90.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheres at NASA/GSFC
Dataset Title: GLA MONTHLY GRIDS from NOAA-11
Version: 1


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1988-10-31
Stop Date: 1994-07-01


Location Keywords
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
VERTICAL LOCATION > BOUNDARY LAYER
VERTICAL LOCATION > SEA SURFACE
VERTICAL LOCATION > STRATOSPHERE
VERTICAL LOCATION > TROPOSPHERE


Data Resolution
Latitude Resolution: 1 Degree
Longitude Resolution: 1 Degree
Temporal Resolution: Monthly


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES >CLOUD FREQUENCY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES >CLOUD HEIGHT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION AMOUNT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >OUTGOING LONGWAVE RADIATION    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND TEMPERATURE >LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN PRESSURE >SEA LEVEL PRESSURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN TEMPERATURE >SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY >SEA SURFACE HEIGHT    [Definition]
SPECTRAL/ENGINEERING >INFRARED WAVELENGTHS >INFRARED IMAGERY    [Definition]
SPECTRAL/ENGINEERING >MICROWAVE >BRIGHTNESS TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
SPECTRAL/ENGINEERING >MICROWAVE >MICROWAVE IMAGERY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >OXYGEN COMPOUNDS >OZONE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
ELEVATION


Platform
NOAA-10 >National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-10    [Information]


Instrument
HIRS/2 >High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/2    [Information]
SOUNDERS    [Information]
TOVS >TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder    [Information]
MSU >Microwave Sounding Unit    [Information]


Project
EOSDIS >Earth Observing System Data Information System    [Information]
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]
TOVS PATHFINDER >TOVS Path A    [Information]
CWIC >CEOS WGISS Integrated Catalog    [Information]


Keywords
MONTHLY
CLIMATE CHANGE
CLOUD FRACTION
EOSDIS
GRID DATA
GROUND TEMPERATURE
HYDROLOGIC CYCLE
RADIATION
RADIATION BUDGET
SEA LEVEL PRESSURE
SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
SST
SURFACE PRESSURE
UPPER AIR
UPWARD RADIATION


Originating Center
GSFC_DAAC


Data Center
Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (formerly Goddard DAAC), Global Change Data Center, Earth Sciences Division, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://disc.gsfc.nasa.gov/
Dataset ID: TOVS Pathfinder 5 Day Path A Grids

Data Center Personnel
Name: GES DISC HELP DESK SUPPORT GROUP
Phone: 301-614-5224
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: gsfc-help-disc at lists.nasa.gov
Contact Address:
Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center
Code 610.2
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


Personnel
JOEL SUSSKIND
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 301-286-7210
Fax: 301-286-2323
Email: joel.susskind-1 at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
Goddard Space Flight Center
Mailstop 613.0
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


Publications/References
Chahine, M. T., 1968, "Determination of the Temperature Profile in an
Atmosphere from its Outgoing Radiances", J. Opt. Soc. Am., 58, 1634-1637.

Reuter, D., J. Susskind, and A. Pursch, 1988, "First Guess Dependence of
a Physically Based Set of Temperature Humidity Retrievals from HIRS2/MSU
Data", J. Atm. Ocean. Tech., 5, 70-83.

Susskind, J., J. Rosenfield, D. Reuter, and M. T. Chahine, 1984, "Remote
Sensing of Weather and Climate Parameters from HIRS2/MSU on TIROS-N",
J. Geophys. Res., 89D, 4677-4697.

Susskind J. and D. Reuter, 1985, "Retrieval of Sea-Surface Temperatures
from HIRS2/MSU", J. Geophys. Res., 90C, 11602-11608.

Susskind, J., D. Reuter, and M. T. Chahine, 1987, "Cloud Fields Derived
from Analysis of HIRS2/MSU Sounding Data", J. Geophys. Res., 92D, 4035-4050.

Takacs, L., A. Molod, and T. Wang, 1994, "Documentation of the Goddard Earth
Observing System (GEOS) General Circulation Model Version 1", NASA Technical
Memorandum 104606, April 1994.

Wu, M. L. C. and J. Susskind, 1990, "Outgoing Longwave Radiation Computed
from HIRS2/MSU Soundings", J. Geophys. Res. 95D, 7579-7602.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-03-13
Last DIF Revision Date: 2011-05-17

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