Arctic Environmental Change of the Last Four Centuries
Entry ID: NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_ARCTIC

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Summary
Abstract: Abstract (from the online documentation):
A compilation of paleoclimate records from lake sediments, trees, glaciers, and
marine sediments provides a view of circum-Arctic environmental variability
over the last 400 years. From 1840 to the mid-20th century, the Arctic warmed
to the highest levels in four centuries. This warming ended the Little Ice Age
in the Arctic and has caused dramatic retreats of glaciers, melting of
permafrost and sea-ice, and alteration of terrestrial and lake ecosystems.
Although significant warming, particularly after 1920, was likely due to
increases in atmospheric trace-gases, the initiation of the warming in the
mid-19th century suggests that increased solar irradiance, decreased volcanic
activity, and feedbacks internal to the climate system played roles.

For graphics and discussion of the data from this paper, see the web site
http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/paleo/sciencepub/front.htm

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Access to data files


Link: GET DATA
Description: Access to data files through interactive web


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Information on Arctic data set


Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: 50.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: J. Overpeck, K. Hughen, D. Hardy, R. Bradley, R. Case, M. Douglas, B. Finney, K. Gajewski, G. Jacoby, A. Jennings, S. Lamoureux, A. Lasca, G. MacDonald, J. Moore, M. Retelle, S. Smith, A. Wolfe, & G. Zielinski
Dataset Title: Arctic Environmental Change of the Last Four Centuries
Dataset Series Name: IGBP PAGES/WDCA CONTRIBUTION SERIES NUMBER: 1997-033
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, CO
Dataset Publisher: IGBP/PAGES/WDC Paleoclimatology
Issue Identification: 1997-033
Other Citation Details: NOAA/NCDC Paleoclimatology Program
Online Resource: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/sciencepub/front.htm


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1600-01-01
Stop Date: 2000-12-31


Paleo_Temporal_Coverage
Paleo Start Date: 400 ybp
Paleo Stop Date: 0 ybp
Chrono Unit:


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > RUSSIA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > GREENLAND
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR IRRADIANCE    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >TREE RINGS    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE >SEA ICE CONCENTRATION    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >LAKE ICE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >GLACIERS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >ICE CORE RECORDS >ISOTOPES    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >ICE CORE RECORDS >PARTICULATE MATTER    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >LAND RECORDS >TREE RINGS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >LAKE LEVELS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >RADIOCARBON    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >SEDIMENTS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >STRATIGRAPHIC SEQUENCE    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >VARVE DEPOSITS    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >SOLAR ACTIVITY >SOLAR IRRADIANCE    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >SEA ICE CONCENTRATION    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE


Project
PAGES >Past Global Changes, IGBP    [Information]


Keywords
climate reconstruction
proxy
global warming
climate change
permafrost
sea ice
solar irradiance
forcing
marine sediments
lake sediments
tree-ring records
circum-arctic


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
NOAA/NCDC


Data Center
World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, Boulder    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/

Data Center Personnel
Name: WDC/PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, BOULDER
Phone: +1 (303) 497-6160
Fax: +1 (303) 497-6513
Email: paleo at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
World Data Center for Paleoclimatology
NOAA/NCDC Code E/GCx3
325 Broadway
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80303
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: online www, ftp
Distribution_Format: text
Fees: none


Personnel
JONATHAN T. OVERPECK
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: jto at email.arizona.edu
Contact Address:
Institute of the Environment
Department of Geosciences
University of Arizona
City: Tucson
Province or State: AZ
Postal Code: 85721-0077
Country: USA


KONRAD A. HUGHEN
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: (508) 289-3353
Email: khughen at whoi.edu
Contact Address:
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
City: Woods Hole
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 02543
Country: USA


D HARDY
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Department of Geosciences
University Of Massachusetts
City: Amherst
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 01003
Country: USA


RAYMOND S. BRADLEY
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: rbradley at geo.umass.edu
Contact Address:
Department of Geosciences
University of Massachusetts
City: Amherst
Province or State: Massachusetts
Postal Code: 01003
Country: USA


R. CASE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Department of Geography
University of California
City: Los Angeles
Province or State: CA
Postal Code: 90095
Country: USA


M. DOUGLAS
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Department of Geology
University of Toronto
City: Toronto
Province or State: Ontario
Postal Code: M5S 3B1
Country: CANADA


BRUCE P. FINNEY
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Institute of Marine Science
University of Alaska
City: Fairbanks
Province or State: AK
Postal Code: 99775
Country: USA


KONRAD GAJEWSKI
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +01-613-562-5800 ext.1327
Fax: +01-613-562-5145
Email: gajewski at aix1.uottawa.ca
Contact Address:
Laboratory for Paleoclimatology and Climatology
University of Ottawa
Department of Geography
Simard Building
165 Waller Street
City: Ottawa
Province or State: Ontario
Postal Code: K1N 6N5
Country: Canada


GORDON C. JACOBY, JR.
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Tree-Ring Laboratory
Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA


A. JENNINGS
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
INSTAAR
University of Colorado
City: Boulder CO
Postal Code: 80309
Country: USA


S. LAMOUREUX
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
University of Alberta
City: Edmonton
Province or State: Alberta
Postal Code: T6G 2H3
Country: CANADA


A. LASCA
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Geology Department
Bates College
City: Lewiston
Province or State: ME
Postal Code: 04204
Country: USA


GLEN M. MACDONALD
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: (310) 825-2568
Fax: (310) 206-5976
Email: macdonal at geog.ucla.edu
Contact Address:
Department of Geography
405 Hilgard Ave.
University of California
City: Los Angeles
Province or State: CA
Postal Code: 90095
Country: USA


J. MOORE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
INSTAAR
University of Colorado
City: Boulder CO
Postal Code: 80309
Country: USA


M. RETELLE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Geology Department
Bates College
City: Lewiston
Province or State: ME
Postal Code: 04204
Country: USA


S. SMITH
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Department of Geosciences
University Of Massachusetts
City: Amherst
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 01003
Country: USA


A. WOLFE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
INSTAAR
University of Colorado
City: Boulder CO
Postal Code: 80309
Country: USA


GREGORY A. ZIELINSKI
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 207-581-3441
Fax: 207-581-1203
Email: gzielinski at maine.edu
Contact Address:
Climate Change Institute
318 Bryand Global Sciences Center
University of Maine
City: Orono
Province or State: ME
Postal Code: 04469-5790
Country: USA


Publications/References
J. Overpeck, K. Hughen, D. Hardy, R. Bradley, R. Case, M. Douglas, B. Finney,
K. Gajewski, G. Jacoby, A. Jennings, S. Lamoureux, A. Lasca, G. MacDonald, J.
Moore, M. Retelle,Ê S. Smith, A. Wolfe, & G. Zielinski. 1997. Arctic
Environmental Change of the Last Four Centuries, Science, v. 278, n. 5341 p.
1251-1256.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2004-03-30
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-08-31

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