Global change, biodiversity and conservation in terrestrial and coastal ecosystems on Heard and McDonald Islands
Entry ID: ASAC_1180

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Summary
Abstract: Metadata record for data from ASAC Project 1180
Global change, biodiversity and conservation in terrestrial and coastal ecosystems on Heard and McDonald Islands: statistical models for monitoring and predicting effects of climate change and local human impacts on invertebrates.

We identified the major environmental variables as altitude and vegetation type. We selected sites for sampling by designing a stratified survey that sampled along gradients of altitude and vegetation type. We included 60 sites in the survey design, distributed across Heard Island in five areas or blocks: Round Hill, Scarlet Hill, Cape Lockyer, Long Beach and Mt Drygowski. This level of sampling was achievable within the five-month period and was sufficient to produce reliable statistical models of invertebrate distribution in the subantarctic (Davies and Melbourne, 1999).

We included altitude as a continuous variable (i.e. altitude was measured to +/- 5 meters). For the purpose of getting a reasonably balanced design and for selecting sites we defined altitude classes as: 0-100 m, 100-200 m, 200 - 300 m, 300 - 400 m, 400-500 m, 500-600 m, 600 m +. We included five vegetation categories, which were not meant to cover all kinds of vegetation but instead span the range of vegetation types. Our vegetation classes were Poa cookii dominated (greater than 75%), Pringlea dominated (greater than 75%), Azorella dominated (greater than 75%), feldmark (less than 50% vegetation but with the vegetation that is present consisting of at least 50% moss), and 'patchy Azorella' (50-75% Azorella but less than 75% total vegetation). Not all vegetation classes occurred at all altitudes so we have crossed vegetation with altitude to give roughly 13-16 altitude-vegetation combinations. At most we managed to find between 10-13 sites in each of five areas giving us a total of 60 sites.

At all of our sites, we took pitfall samples, and at a selected subset of sites (20 sites) we did hand searches to get density estimates. The trapping took place between January and March 2001. The species that we trapped were: Anatalanta aptera, Myro kerguelenensis, Canonopsis sericeus, Ectemnorhinus viridis, Bothrometopus brevis, Bothrometopus gracilipes, Notodiscus hookeri, Embryonopsis halticella, Calycopteryx mosleyi, Amalopteryx maritima. We produced statistical models that describe the distribution of these species over Heard Island, based on altitude and vegetation type.

We took standardised photographs of a 10 m transect at each of our 60 sample sites. These will allow us to look for changes in vegetation composition at these sites in the future. The photographs are in a digital format.

The fields in this dataset are:

Region
Altitude
Site Code
Slope
Aspect
Latitude
Longitude
Dirt
Species
Date
Time
Vegetation Type
Sample Number

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Download point for the data.


Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: Public information for ASAC project 1180


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Citation reference for this metadata record and dataset


Geographic Coverage
 N: -53.0 S: -54.0  E: 73.0  W: 72.0
 Min Altitude: 0 M

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2001-01-01
Stop Date: 2001-03-31


Location Keywords
OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN > McDonald Islands
OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN
CONTINENT > AUSTRALIA/NEW ZEALAND > AUSTRALIA > McDonald Islands
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN > HEARD AND MCDONALD ISLANDS


Data Resolution
Vertical Resolution: 5 m


Science Keywords
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >ISLANDS    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >ARTHROPODS >CHELICERATES >ARACHNIDS    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >ARTHROPODS >HEXAPODS >INSECTS    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >ARTHROPODS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >RANGE CHANGES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >INDIGENOUS/NATIVE SPECIES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >POPULATION DYNAMICS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >COMMUNITY DYNAMICS >COMMUNITY STRUCTURE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]


Quality
The pitfall data file contains abundances of the listed species. In the handsearch file, everything left of the Total column are also abundances of the listed invertebrates in a 30 by 30 cm area. To the right of the total column are percentage covers of different vegetation types and rocks, soil, moss, etc, in the same 30 by 30 cm area.

Slope was measured in degrees and altitude was measured in metres.


Access Constraints
The dataset is available for download from the url given below.

A number of images were also captured during this project. Currently these are available on request from Kendi Davies or Brett Melbourne.


Use Constraints
This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=ASAC_1180 when using these data.


Keywords
ALTITUDE
ASPECT
CLIMATE CHANGE
DATE
DIRT
HEARD ISLAND
LATITUDE
LONGITUDE
REGION
SAMPLE NUMBER
SITE CODE
SLOPE
SOUTHERN OCEAN
SPECIES
TIME
VEGETATION TYPE


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Australian Antarctic Data Centre, Australia    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://data.aad.gov.au

Data Center Personnel
Name: DATA OFFICER AADC
Phone: +61 3 6232 3244
Fax: +61 3 6232 3351
Email: metadata at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
Australian Antarctic Division
203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia



Distribution
Distribution_Media: HTTP
Distribution_Size: 8 KB
Distribution_Format: csv
Fees: Free


Personnel
KENDI FARRELL DAVIES
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +1 303 492 7035
Fax: +1 303 492 8699
Email: kendi.davies at colorado.edu
Contact Address:
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
UCB 334
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: Colorado
Postal Code: CO 80309
Country: USA


BRETT ANDREW MELBOURNE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +1 530 752 6837
Fax: +1 530 752 3350
Email: bamelbourne at ucdavis.edu
Contact Address:
University of California
Center for Population Biology
City: Davis
Province or State: California
Postal Code: CA 95616
Country: USA



Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2000-08-10
Last DIF Revision Date: 2014-08-28

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