Forest and Timber Quality in EuropeEntry ID: EFI_MEFYQUE
Abstract: The objective of the Forest and Timber Quality in Europe: Modelling and
forecasting yield and quality in Europe project is to increase understanding of
the relationships between site conditions and growth, yield and timber quality
for current and future scenarios of atmospheric change. This objective will be
achieved by developing a prototype modelling system operating at an appropriate
forestry ... management scale (the forest stand) to forecast timber growth, yield,
quality and marketability suitable for application in the EU. The system will
also predict and quantify reversible and irreversible energy fluxes to and from
the forest, including those due to fossil fuel consumption. Such a forecasting
system must account for the reshaping of European forestry through policies
aimed at the optimisation of sustainable management, the provision of renewable
resources and the protection of the global and local environment, in particular
the role of forestry in the carbon cycle. Thus, a fully integrated approach to
pre- and post-production activities is required to develop a tool suitable for
use both by the timber industry and national/governmental policy
In order to achieve this overall objective the project has the following
-to increase understanding of the relationship between tree growth, timber
quality, site conditions and stand management using a network of traditional
mensuration sample plots and supplementary information on structure, quality,
environment and physiology;
-to increase understanding of the influence of climate and atmospheric
composition (climate change) on timber quality through manipulative experiments
and the analysis of wood properties for material grown under ambient and
enhanced CO2 concentrations. This will be obtained through a combination of the
analysis of existing plant material from previous experiments and new material
from specific manipulative experiments;
-to construct and validate a coupled empirical-process model of timber growth,
yield, quality and carbon sequestration including non-harvestable fractions,
operating at the stand scale. This will be achieved using data collected under
objectives 1 and 2, and additional validation being provided by flux
experiments at monitored sites. This model will be based on widely accepted
functions in an innovative modular structure;
-to simulate the impacts of future scenarios of atmospheric composition
(climate change) on timber growth, yield and carbon sequestration at different
spatial scales (stand and regional). The most up-to-date Global Climate Model
outputs and predictions of atmospheric composition change will be used as
drivers for the model developed under objective 3;
- to simulate and quantify the impact of forest management on timber growth,
yield and quality allowing the optimisation of economic return and/or carbon
sequestration and energy cost: benefits through sustainable practices of
-to simulate and quantify the impact of forest management on the industrial
energy and carbon balances as a significant contribution towards a full life
cycle assessment of wood timber production and forestry as an important land
The principal deliverable of the project is an integrated modelling system that
will assist forest managers, the timber industry and policy makers to decide
whether forests management should be primarily for production, conservation or
amenity outputs, within the context of multi-purpose forest management.
[Summary provided by the European Forest Institute.]
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: European Forest Institute
Dataset Title: Forest and Timber Quality in Europe
Dataset Publisher: European Forest InstituteOnline Resource: http://www.efi.int/portal/research/projects/?todo=3&projectid=147
Start Date: 2002-07-01Stop Date: 2004-07-31
AGRICULTURE > FOREST SCIENCE > FOREST HARVESTING AND ENGINEERING
AGRICULTURE > FOREST SCIENCE > FOREST MANAGEMENT > SITE CONDITIONS
AGRICULTURE > FOREST SCIENCE > FOREST MENSURATION
AGRICULTURE > FOREST SCIENCE > FOREST PRODUCTS/COMMODITIES
AGRICULTURE > FOREST SCIENCE > FOREST PRODUCTS/COMMODITIES > TIMBER QUALITY
AGRICULTURE > FOREST SCIENCE > FOREST YIELDS > TREE GROWTH
BIOSPHERE > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > FORESTS
BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > CARBON > CARBON SEQUESTRATION
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT > ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS > CARBON DIOXIDE
Data Set Progress
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +358-50-564 4167
Fax: +358-9-191 58100
Email: Jari.Liski at efi.fi
European Forest Institute Torikatu 34
Postal Code: 80100
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Global Change Master Directory
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
I.A. Janssens, D.A. Sampson, J.Curiel Yuste, A.Carrara and R. Ceulemans. 2002.
The carbon cost of fine root turnover in a Scots pine forest. Forest Ecology &
Management 168: 231-240.
Karjalainen, T., Pussinen, A., Liski, J., Nabuurs, G.-J., Erhard, M., Eggers,
T., Sonntag, M. & Mohren, F. 2002. An approach towards an estimate of the
impact of forest management and climate change on the European ... forest sector
carbon budget: Germany as a case study. Forest Ecology and Management 162(1):
Lindner, M., Sohngen, B., Joyce, L.A., Price, D.T., Bernier, P.Y., Karjalainen,
T. 2002. Integrated Forestry Assessments for Climate Change Impacts. Forest
Ecology and Management 162(1):117-136.
Pussinen, A., Karjalainen, T., Makipaa, R., Kellomaki, S. & Valsta, L. 2002.
Forest carbon sequestration and harvests in Scots pine stand under different
climate and nitrogen deposition scenarios. Forest Ecology and Management
Karjalainen, T., Zimmer, B., Berg, S., Welling, J., Schwaiger, H., Finer, L.
and Cortijo, P. 2001. Energy, Carbon and Other Material Flows in the Life Cycle
Assessment of Forestry and Forest Products. Achievements of the Working Group 1
of the COST Action E9. European Forest Institute Discussion Paper 10. 68 p.
Pingoud, K., Perala, A.-L., and A. Pussinen. 2001. Carbon dynamics in wood
products. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 6: 91-111.
Liski, J., Pussinen, A., Pingoud, K., Makipaa, R. & Karjalainen, T. 2001. Which
rotation length is favourable for carbon sequestration. Canadian Journal of
Forest Research 31: 2004-2013.
Janssens I.A., A.S. Kowalski and R. Ceulemans. 2001. Forest floor CO2 fluxes
estimated by eddy covariance and chamber-based model. Agricultural and Forest
Meteorology 106: 61-69.
Sampson D.A., I.A. Janssens and R. Ceulemans. 2001. Simulated soil CO2 efflux
and net ecosystem exchange in a 70-year-old Belgian Scots pine stand using the
process model SECRETS. Annals of Forest Science 58: 31-46.
Janssens I.A., H. Lankreijer, G. Matteucci, et al. 2001. Productivity
overshadows temperature in determining soil and ecosystem respiration across
European forests. Global Change Biology 7: 269-278.
Gielen B., C. Calfapietra, M. Sabatti and R. Ceulemans. 2001. Leaf area
dynamics in a closed poplar plantation under free-air carbon dioxide
enrichment. Tree Physiology 21: 1245-1255.
Calfapietra C., B. Gielen, M. Sabatti, P. De Angelis, G. Scarascia-Mugnozza and
R. Ceulemans. 2001. Growth performance of Populus exposed to "Free Air Carbon
dioxide Enrichment" during the first growing season in the POPFACE experiment.
Annals of Forest Science 58: 819-828.
Ceulemans R., Jach M.E., Van De Velde R., Lin J.X., Stevens M. 2002. Elevated
atmospheric CO2 alters wood production, wood quality and wood strength of Scots
pine (Pinus sylvestris L) after three years of enrichment. Global Change
Biology, 8: 153-162
C.W. Xiao et al. 2002. Above- and belowground biomass and net primary
production of a 74 years old Scots pine forest. In preparation.
M. Carnol, L. Hogenboom, A. Ewa Jach, J. Remacle, and R. Ceulemans. Elevated
atmospheric CO2 in open top chambers increases net nitrification and potential
denitrification. Global Change Biology (2002) 8 590-598.
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2004-01-14
Last DIF Revision Date: 2010-12-01