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Labitzke Berlin Stratospheric Data: Zonal Mean Data

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Abstract: This data set consists of Northern Hemisphere monthly zonal mean
geopotential heights and temperature. Gridded data are available from
10N to 90N at 10x10 degrees at 100 hPa, 50 hPa, 30 hPa, and 10 hPa.

Muench and Borden (1962) had analyzed monthly mean stratospheric
charts from 1955-1959. From these data, B. Naujokat extrapolated the
30-hPa North Pole temperatures for the period July 1955 till June 1957
which enlarges our data set for the North Pole. The other temperature
data were extrapolated from our daily maps until 1965 when the
temperature analyses were published together with the maps and
digitized accordingly, like the height maps. As this is a set of
temperature data which is not included in the Berlin Series on the CD,
but is used in several publications, the full data are given:
for the 30-hPa level the North Pole Temperatures are available from
1955 - 2001:

Information on zonal mean data formats are available from:

Related URL
Description: Access to Berlin stratospheric data

Description: Access to the early North Pole data

Description: Description of NH zonal mean data formats.

Description: Complete description of the the Berlin stratospheric data sets.

Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: 10.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0
 Min Altitude: 100 HPA  Max Altitude: 10 HPA

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: K. Labitzke and collaborators
Dataset Title: Zonal Mean Data
Dataset Series Name: Berlin Stratospheric Data Series
Dataset Release Date: 2002
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, CO
Dataset Publisher: National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
Online Resource:

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1955-01-01

Location Keywords

Data Resolution
Latitude Resolution: 10 degrees
Longitude Resolution: 10 degrees
Temporal Resolution: monthly mean

Science Keywords

ISO Topic Category

GROUND STATIONS    [Information]

ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]

Use Constraints
Users must acknowledge:
K. Labitzke and Collaborators, 2002: The Berlin Stratospheric Data
Series, CD from Meteorological Institute, Free University Berlin.

stratospheric temperatures
temperature anomalies
climate indices
climate change
zonal means

Data Set Progress

Originating Center
Free University Berlin

Data Center
Research Data Archive, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research    [Information]
Data Center URL:

Data Center Personnel
Phone: (303)-497-1217
Fax: (303)-497-1291
Email: spangler at
Contact Address:
National Center for Atmospheric Research
P.O. Box 3000
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80307
Country: U.S.A.

Distribution_Media: online, CD, WWW
Distribution_Format: ASCII text
Fees: none

Fax: +49-30-838 71 166
Email: labitzke at
Contact Address:
Freie Universitat Berlin
Institut fur Meteorologie
Carl-Heinrich-Becker-Weg 6-10
City: Berlin
Postal Code: 12165
Country: Germany

Baldwin, M. P. and T. J. Dunkerton, 1999: Propagation of the Arctic
Oscillation from the stratosphere to the
troposphere. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 30.937-30.946.

Behr, K., K. Petzoldt, R. Scherhag, and G. Warnecke: Tagliche
Hohenkarten der 25-mbar-Flache ur das Internationale Geophysikalische
Jahr 1958. Meteor. Abhandl. F.U.Berlin, Band X.

Chanin, M.L. and V. Ramaswamy, 1999: Trends in stratospheric
temperatures. In: Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 1998. WMO
Report No. 44, Section 5.

Hoffmann, J., 2001: Die allgemeine Zirkulation in der Stratosphaare:
Eine EOF--Analyse der Berliner Daten. Diplomarbeit, F.U.Berlin.

Labitzke, K., 1987: Sunspots, the QBO, and stratospheric temperatures
in the north polar region. Geophys. Res. Lett., 14, 535-537.

Labitzke, K., 1998: Die Stratosphaare:Panomene, Geschichte, Relevanz,
pp. 177. Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York.

Labitzke, K., 2001: The global signal of the 11-year sunspot cycle in
the stratosphere: Differences between solar maxima and
minima. Met. Zeitschr., 10, 901-908.

Labitzke, K., 2002: The solar signal of the 11-year sunspot cycle in
the stratosphere: Differences between the northern and southern
summers. J. Met. Soc. Japan, 80, in press.

Labitzke, K. and Collaborators, 1972: Climatology of the Stratosphere
in the Northern Hemisphere. Part 1: Heights, Temperatures and
Geostrophic Resultant Wind Speeds at 100, 50, 30 and 10
mb. Meteor. Abhandl. F.U.Berlin, Band 100, Heft 4.

Labitzke, K. and B. Goretzki, 1982: A Catalogue of Dynamic Parameters
describing the Variability of the Middle Stratosphere during the
Northern Winters. Handbook for MAP (Middle Atmosphere Program), Vol.5,
Editor C.F.Sechrist, Jr., SCOSTEP Secretariat.

Labitzke, K. and B. Naujokat, 2000: The lower arctic stratosphere in
winter since 1952. SPARC Newsletter No.15, 11-14.

Labitzke, K. and B. Naujokat, 2001: 100 Jahre Stratosphaerenforschung
in Berlin; Beitraege des Instituts Für Meteorologie der Freien
Universitat Berlin zur Berliner Wetterkarte, SO 30/01, 31. 7. 2001.

Labitzke, K. and H. van Loon, 1989:~ The Southern Oscillation. Part
IX: The influence of volcanic eruptions on the Southern Oscillation in
the stratosphere. J. Clim., 2, 1223-1226.

Labitzke, K. and H. van Loon, 1994: Trends of temperature and
geopotential height between 100 and 10 hPa on the Northern
Hemisphere. J. Met. Soc. Japan, 72, 643-652.

Labitzke, K. and H. van Loon, 1995: A note on the distribution of
trends below 10 hPa: The extratropical Northern
Hemisphere. J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan, 73, 883-889.

Labitzke, K. and H. van Loon, 1999: The Stratosphere (Phenomena,
History, and Relevance). 179pp. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York.

Langematz, U., 2000: An estimate of the impact of observed ozone
losses on stratospheric temperatures. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27,

Langematz, U., K. Krager, M. Kunze, K. Labitzke and G. L. Roff, 2002:
Thermal and dynamical changes of the stratosphere since 1979 and their
link to ozone and CO2 changes. J. Geophys. Res., 107, submitted.

Muench, H. S. and T. R. Borden, 1962: Atlas of monthly mean
stratosphere charts, 1955-1959: Part~I, January-June; Part~II,
July-December. Air Force Surveys in Geophysics No. 141.

Naujokat, B., 2001: Stratospharische Wintervariabiliat. DACH
(Deutsch-osterreichisch-Schweizerische) Meteorologentagung,
Sept. 2001, Wien.

Naujokat, B. and K. Labitzke, (Eds), 1993: Collection of reports on
the stratospheric circulation during the winters
1974/75-1991/92. Solar Terrestrial Energy Program (STEP) Handbook, 301
pp., Urbana, Ill.

Naujokat, B. and M. Kunze, 2000: Meteorology of the stratosphere
during the THESEO 2000/SOLVE winter - evolution and evaluation. Poster
presented at the Science Meeting, Palermo, 2000.

Pawson, S., K. Labitzke, R. Lenschow, B. Naujokat, B. Rajewski,
M. Wiesner, and R.-C. Wohlfart, 1993: Climatology of the Northern
Hemisphere stratosphere derived from Berlin analyses, Part I, Monthly
means. Meteorologische Abhandlungen, F.U. Berlin, Serie A, Band 7.3,
Verlag Dietrich Reimer, Berlin.

Pawson, S., K. Labitzke, and S. Leder, 1998: Stepwise changes in
stratospheric temperature. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 2157-2160.

Pawson, S., B. Naujokat and K. Labitzke, 1995: On the polar
stratospheric cloud formation potential of the northern
stratosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 100, 23215-23225.

Pawson, S. and B. Naujokat, 1999: The cold winters of the middle 1990s
in the northern lower stratosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 104,

Scherhag, R., 1952: Die explosionsartigen Stratospharenerawarmung des
Spatwinters 1951/52. Berichte des deutschen Wetterdienstes in der
US-Zone, 6, Nr. 38, 51-63.

van Loon, H., R. L. Jenne and K. Labitzke, 1972: Climatology of the
Stratosphere in the Northern Hemisphere. Part 2: Geostrophic Winds at
100, 50, 30 and 10 mb. Meteor. Abhandl. F.U.Berlin, Band 100, Heft 5.

van Loon, H. and K. Labitzke, 1987: The Southern Oscillation. Part V:
The anomalies in the lower stratosphere of the Northern Hemisphere in
winter and a comparison with the Quasi-Biennial
Oscillation. Mon. Weather Rev., 115, 357-369.

van Loon, H. and K. Labitzke, 2000: The influence of the 11-year solar
cycle on the stratosphere below 30 km: a review. Space Sci. Rev., 94,

Waugh, D.W., W. J. Randel, S. Pawson, P. A. Newman and E. R. Nash,
1999: Persistence of lower stratospheric polar
vortices. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 27191-27201.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2003-02-20
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-11-18

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