Global Earthquake Mortality Risks and Distribution
Entry ID: CIESIN_CHRR_NDH_EQUAKE_MRD

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Summary
Abstract: Global Earthquake Mortality Risks and Distribution is a 2.5 minute grid of global earthquake mortality risks. Gridded Population of the World, Version 3 (GPWv3) data provides a baseline estimate of population per grid cell from which to estimate potential mortality risks due to earthquake hazard. Mortality loss estimates per hazard event are calculated using regional, hazard-specific mortality records of the Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT) that span the 20 years between 1981 and 2000. Data regarding the distribution of earthquake hazard are obtained from the Global Earthquake Hazard Distribution-peak ground acceleration dataset. In order to more accurately reflect the confidence associated with the data and procedures, the potential mortality estimate range is classified into deciles, 10 classes of increasing risk with an approximately equal number of grid cells per class, producing a relative estimate of earthquake-based mortality risks. This dataset is the result of collaboration among the Columbia University Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, and Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN).

The data in American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) and dBASE (DBF) formats and a map in Portable Document Format (PDF) and Portable Network Graphics (PNG) formats are available from the NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC).


Purpose: To provide a means of assessing global earthquake mortality risks and distribution.

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Data download page.


Link: GET DATA > ECHO
Description: Refine your granule search with ECHO's next generation Earth Science discovery tool (Reverb) using information from this record.


Link: GET RELATED VISUALIZATION
Description: Maps in PDF and PNG formats.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 85.0 S: -58.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank
Dataset Title: Global Earthquake Mortality Risks and Distribution
Dataset Release Date: 2005
Dataset Release Place: Palisades, NY
Dataset Publisher: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University
Version: 1.00
Data Presentation Form: raster, map
Online Resource: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-earthquake-mortality-...


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2000-01-01
Stop Date: 2000-01-01


Location Keywords
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > EQUATORIAL
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Data Resolution
Latitude Resolution: 0.0417 Decimal degrees
Longitude Resolution: 0.0417 Decimal degrees


Science Keywords
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >EARTHQUAKES >EARTHQUAKE OCCURRENCES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >EARTHQUAKES >EARTHQUAKE PREDICTIONS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >PLATE TECTONICS >STRAIN    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >PLATE TECTONICS >STRESS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >PLATE TECTONICS >LITHOSPHERIC PLATE MOTION    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
HEALTH
SOCIETY


Project
EOSDIS >Earth Observing System Data Information System    [Information]
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]
NDH >Natural Disaster Hotspots    [Information]


Quality
The records of the Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT), collected over a 20 year period from 1981 to 2000, provide regional, hazard-specific mortality and economic loss rates. A crude estimation of the global earthquake hazard mortality is developed using the EM-DAT regional mortality rates, population distributions from Gridded Population of the World, Version 3 (GPWv3), and frequency/distribution data from Global Earthquake Hazard Distribution-peak ground acceleration. To better reflect the confidence associated with the result, mortality figures are classified into deciles, 10 classes of an approximately equal number of grid cells of increasing mortality (item Value). Building upon a methodology developed by Sachs et al. (2003), a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) value (US$, 2000, purchase power parity adjusted (PPP)) is estimated for each grid cell. The process begins by determining the contribution of each subnational unit to national GDP using data of varied origin. The ratio of the subnational production to the national GDP is the contribution ratio. To ensure uniformity between countries, these contribution ratios are utilized with published World Bank estimates of GDP.

Once a standardized version of subnational GDP has been calculated, this value is further divided by the total population within the subnational unit. This subnational, per-person GDP value is multiplied by the grid cell population density to determine a GDP value for the grid cell. The GDP values presented in this dataset (item Gdpvalue) are not projections of impacted GDP, but rather the estimates of GDP that serve as a baseline for estimating hazard impacts. Furthermore, Gdpvalue is indicative of the GDP associated with each of the hazard risk deciles and not the individual grid cell.

Estimating the agricultural GDP (item Agvalue) follows a process similar to GDP. The amount of agricultural GDP is derived at the subnational unit using available data of various origins.


Access Constraints
None


Use Constraints
The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York, Center for Hazards
and Risk Research (CHRR), and International Bank for Reconstruction and
Development/The World Bank hold the copyright of this dataset. Users are
prohibited from any commercial, non-free resale, or redistribution without
explicit written permission from CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank. Users should
acknowledge CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank as the source used in the creation
of any reports, publications, new datasets, derived products, or services
resulting from the use of this dataset. CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank also
request reprints of any publications and notification of any redistribution
efforts.


Keywords
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Earthquakes
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Disaster
Area
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Disaster
Preparedness
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Disaster
Prevention
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Natural
Disasters
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Environmental Modeling >
Disaster Modeling
Disasters
Distribution
Earthquake Hazard
Earthquake Mortality Risks
Earthquakes
Geological Hazards
Hazards
Hotspots
Mortality
Mortality Risks
ESIP


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
SEDAC


Data Center
Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/
Dataset ID: CIESIN_CHRR_NDH_EQUAKE_MRD

Data Center Personnel
Name: SEDAC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 845-365-8920
Fax: +1 845-365-8922
Email: ciesin.info at ciesin.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA


World Data Center for Human Interactions in the Environment    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/wdc/
Dataset ID: CIESIN_CHRR_NDH_EQUAKE_MRD

Data Center Personnel
Name: ROBERT CHEN
Phone: 1-845-365-8952
Fax: 1-845-365-8922
Email: bchen at ciesin.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
WDC for Human Interactions in the Environment
CIESIN/Columbia University
P. O. Box 1000
61 Route 9W
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: Online FTP
Distribution_Format: ASCII
Fees: 0

Distribution_Media: Online FTP
Distribution_Format: DBF
Fees: 0

Distribution_Media: Online HTTP
Distribution_Format: PNG
Fees: 0

Distribution_Media: Online HTTP
Distribution_Format: PDF
Fees: 0


Personnel
SEDAC USER SERVICES
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +1 845-365-8920
Fax: +1 845-365-8922
Email: ciesin.info at ciesin.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA


CIESIN METADATA ADMINISTRATION
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +1 845-365-8988
Fax: +1 845-365-8922
Email: metadata at ciesin.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
Province or State: New York
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA


Publications/References
Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, and Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University (2005), Global Earthquake Hazard Distribution - Peak Ground Acceleration, Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Palisades, NY, http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-earthquake-distributi...

Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, and Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University (2005), Global Earthquake Hazard Frequency and Distribution, Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Palisades, NY, http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-earthquake-frequency-...

Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank (2005), Global Earthquake Proportional Economic Loss Risk Deciles, Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Palisades, NY, http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-earthquake-proportion...

Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank (2005), Global Earthquake Total Economic Loss Risk Deciles, Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Palisades, NY, http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-earthquake-total-econ...

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-09-29
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-02-13

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