[Location: Location_Category='GEOGRAPHIC REGION', Location_Type='GLOBAL']
Protected Areas (Marine, IUCN Categories I-VI and not Classified) - TotalEntry ID: geodata_1870
Abstract: A marine protected area is an area of sea especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biodiversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and managed through legal or other effective means. Marine parks, nature reserves and other marine protected areas can include: reefs, seagrass beds, shipwrecks, archaeological sites, tidal lagoons, mudflats, saltmarshes, mangroves, ... rock platforms, underwater areas on the coast and seabed in deep water.
Some of the Benefits of Marine Protected Areas:
- maintaining biodiversity
- protecting endangered or threatened species such as whales, marine turtles and seagrass meadows and their habitats
- enhancing fisheries by ensuring breeding areas are not degraded and catch limits are sustainable
- providing opportunities for research
- conserving our cultural heritage, such as sites of Aboriginal significance
A protected area is defined by The World Conservation Union (IUCN) as: An area of land and/or sea especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and managed through legal or other effective means Although all protected areas meet the general purposes contained in this definition, in practice the precise purposes for which protected areas are managed differ greatly.
Following are the definitions of IUCN Management categories I-VI. Category Ia. Strict Nature Reserve: protected area managed mainly for science. Area of land and/or sea possessing some outstanding or representative ecosystems, geological or physiological features and/or species, available primarily for scientific research and/or environmental monitoring.
Category Ib. Wilderness Area: protected area managed mainly for wilderness protection. Large area of unmodified or slightly modified land, and/or sea, retaining its natural character and influence, without permanent or significant habitation, which is protected and managed so as to preserve its natural condition.
Category II. National Park: protected area managed mainly for ecosystem protection and recreation.
Natural area of land and/or sea, designated to a) protect the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems for present and future generations; b) exclude exploitation or occupation inimical to the purposes of designation of the area and c) provide a foundation for spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational and visitor opportunities, all of which must be environmentally and culturally compatible.
Category III. Natural Monument: protected area managed mainly for conservation of specific natural features. Area containing one, or more, specific natural or natural/cultural feature which is of outstanding or unique value because of its inherent rarity, representative or aesthetic qualities or cultural significance.
Category IV. Habitat/Species Management Area: protected area managed mainly for conservation through management intervention. Area of land and/or sea subject to active intervention for management purposes so as to ensure the maintenance of habitats and/or to meet the requirements of specific species.
Category V. Protected Landscape/Seascape: protected area managed mainly for landscape/seascape conservation and recreation. Area of land, with coast and sea as appropriate, where the interaction of people and nature over time has produced an area of distinct character with significant aesthetic, ecological and/or cultural value, and often with high biological diversity. Safeguarding the integrity of this traditional interaction is vital to the protection, maintenance and evolution of such an area.
Category VI. Managed Resource Protected Area: protected area managed mainly for the sustainable use of natural ecosystems. Area containing predominantly unmodified natural systems, managed to ensure long term protection and maintenance of biological diversity, while providing at the same time a sustainable flow of natural products and services to meet community needs.
For more information on the variables and collection methodologies see original source or the IUCN Web site: http://wcpa.iucn.org/
Data Set Citation
Dataset Title: Protected Areas (Marine, IUCN Categories I-VI and not Classified) - Total
Dataset Release Date: 2011-06-01
Start Date: 1990-01-01Stop Date: 2010-12-31
ISO Topic Category
Use Constraints Public
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: geo at unepgrid.ch
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2013-02-21
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-01-27