[Location: Location_Category='GEOGRAPHIC REGION', Location_Type='POLAR']
Metal and organic contaminants in marine invertebrates from AntarcticaEntry ID: ASAC_1005
Abstract: Metadata record for data from ASAC Project 1005 Metal and organic contaminants in marine invertebrates from Antarctica, field study of their concentrations, laboratory study of their toxicities. See the link below for public details on this project.
Data from this project are now unrecoverable. Several publications arising from the work are attached to this metadata record, and are available to ... AAD staff only.
Taken from the referenced publications:
Bioaccumulation of Cd, Pb, Cu and Zn in the Antarctic gammaridean amphipod Paramoera walkeri was investigated at Casey station. The main goals were to provide information on accumulation strategies of the organisms tested and to verify toxicokinetic models as a predictive tool. The organisms accumulated metals upon exposure and it was possible to estimate significant model parameters of two compartment and hyperbolic models. These models were successfully verified in a second toxicokinetic study. However, the application of hyperbolic models appears to be more promising as a predictive tool for metals in amphipods compared to compartment models, which have failed to adequately predict metal accumulation in experiments with increasing external exposures in previous studies. The following kinetic bioconcentration factors (BCFs) for the theoretical equilibrium were determined: 150-630 (Cd), 1600-7000 (Pb), 1700-3800 (Cu) and 670-2400 (Zn). We find decreasing BCFs with increasing external metal dosing but similar results for treatments with and without natural UV radiation and for the combined effect of different exposure regimes (single versus multiple metal exposure) and/or the amphipod collective involved (Beall versus Denison Island). A tentative estimation showed the following sequence if sensitivity of P. walkeri to an increase of soluble metal exposure: 0.2-3.0 micrograms Cd per litre, 0.12-0.25 micrograms Pb per litre, 0.9-3.0 micrograms Cu per litre and 9-26 micrograms Zn per litre. Thus, the amphipod investigated proved to be more sensitive as biomonitor compared to gammarids from German coastal waters (with the exception of Cd) and to copepods from the Weddell Sea inferred from literature data.
This study provides information on LC50 toxicity tests and bioaccumulation of heavy metals in the nearshore Antarctic gammarid, Paramoera walkeri. The 4 day LC50 values were 970 micrograms per litre for copper and 670 micrograms per litre for cadmium. Net uptake rates and bioconcentration factors of these elements were determined under laboratory conditions. After 12 days of exposure to 30 micrograms per litre, the net uptake rates were 5.2 and 0.78 micrograms per gram per day and the bioconcentration factors were 2080 and 311 for copper and cadmium respectively. The body concentrations of copper were significantly correlated with the concentrations of this element in the water. Accumulation of copper and cadmium continued for the entire exposure suggesting that heavy metals concentrations were not regulated to constant concentrations in the body. Using literature data about two compartments (water-animal) first-order kinetic models, a very good agreement was found between body concentrations observed after exposure and model predicted. Exposure of P. walkeri to mixtures of copper and cadmium showed that accumulation of these elements can be assessed by addition of results obtained from single exposure, with only a small degree of uncertainty. The study provides information on the sensitivity of one Antarctic species towards contaminants, and the results were compared with data of similar species from lower latitudes. An important finding is that sensitivity to toxic chemicals and toxicokinetic parameters in the species investigated are comparable with those of non-polar species. The characteristics of bioaccumulation demonstrate that P. walkeri is a circumpolar species with the potential to be a standard biological indicator for use in monitoring programmes of Antarctic nearshore ecosystems. the use of model prediction provide further support to utilise these organisms for biomonitoring.
Heavy-metal concentrations were determined in tissues of different species of benthic invertebrates collected in the Casey region where an old waste-disposal tip site is a source of contamination. the species studied included the bivalve Laternula elliptica, starfish Notasterias armata, heart urchins Abatus nimrodi and A. ingens and gammaridean amphipod Paramoera walkeri. The specimens were collected at both reference and contaminated locations where lead was the priority element and copper was the next most important in terms of increased concentrations. The strong association between a gradient of contamination and concentrations in all species tested indicated that they are reflecting well the environmental changes, and that they appear as appropriate biological indicators of heavy-metal contamination. Aspects of the biology of species with different functional roles in the marine ecosystem are discussed in relation to their suitability for wider use in Antarctic monitoring programmes. For example, in terms of heavy-metal bioaccumulation, the bivalve appears as the most sensitive species to detect contamination; the starfish provides information on the transfer of metals through the food web while the heart urchin and gammarid gave indications of the spatial and temporal patterns of the environmental contamination. The information gathered about processes of contaminant uptake and partitioning among different tissues and species could be used in later studies to investigate the behaviour and the source of contaminants.
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Start Date: 1996-09-30Stop Date: 2000-03-31
Quality Values provided in temporal and spatial coverage are approximate only.
Access Constraints Copies of some of the referenced publications are available for download to AAD staff only at the provided URL.
Use Constraints This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License
Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=ASAC_1005 when using these data.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: HTTP
Distribution Size: 2 MB
Distribution Format: pdf
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (49) 531 391 3233
Fax: (49) 531 35 12 14
Email: S.Duquesne at tu-bs.de
Technical University Fasanenstrasse 3
Postal Code: D- 38 084
Clason, B., Duquesne, S., Liess, M., Schulz, R. and Zauke, G.-P. (2003), Bioaccumulation of trace metals in the Antarctic amphipod Paramoera walkeri (Stebbing, 1906): comparison of two-compartment and hyperbolic toxicokinetic models., Aquatic Toxicology, 65, 117-140
Duquesne, S. and Riddle, M.J. (2002), Biological monitoring of heavy-metal contamination in coastal waters off Casey Station, Windmill Islands, East Antarctica., Polar Biology, 25, 206-215
Kratzmann, S.M., Noller, B.N., Duquesne, S. and Riddle, M.J. (2001), Laternula elliptica as a biomonitor for metal pollutants from waste disposal sites in the Antarctic, 3rd International Conference on Marine Pollution and Ecotoxicology., 10-14 June 2001 Hong Kong 66
Kratzmann, S.M., Noller, B.N., Duquesne, S.J. and Riddle, M.J. (2001), The use of Laternula elliptica to monitor metal pollution from human activity in Antarctica, World Chemistry Congress, 1-6 July 2001, Brisbane Australia 155
Duquesne, S., Riddle, M.J., Schulz, R. and Liess, M. (2000), Effects of contaminants in the Antarctic environment - potential of the gammarid amphipod crustacean Paramoera walkeri as a biological indicator for Antarctic ecosystems, Aquatic Toxicology, 49, 131-143
Riddle, M.J., King, C.K., Kratzman, S.M. and Duquesne, S. (2000), Contaminants in the Antarctic Environment VII. : linking contamination to ecological risk., Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Cold Region Development, 144-147
Duquesne, S., Schulz, R., Riddle, M.J. and Liess, M. (2000), Contaminants in the Antarctic Environment XII Use of the gammarid Paramorea walkeri as potential biological indicator of marine environmental contamination., Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Cold Region Development, 334-335
Greve, M.J., Duquesne, S., King, C. and Liess, M. (1997), The effects of exposing the Antarctic amphipod, Paramoera walkeri (Stebbing) to various chemicals, using tests with different endpoints., Fourth Annual Conference of Australasian Society for Ecotoxicology, "Ecotoxicology: assessment of environmental harm"., Brisbane 17 - 19 July 1997. 02.3
Duquesne, S., Greve, M.J., King, C. and Liess, M. (1997), Integrated montoring approach for risk assessment of the marine environment of Brown Bay impacted by Thalla Valley tip, Casey, Antarctica., Fourth Annual Conference of Australasian Society for Ecotoxicology, "Ecotoxicology: assessment of environmental harm"., Brisbane 17 - 19 July 1997. 09.1
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2000-08-09
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-09-21