Antarctic Surface Temperature and Pressure Data, CDIAC NDP-032Entry ID: CDIAC_NDP32
Abstract: This package contains monthly-mean surface temperature and station or
sea-level pressure data for 29 meteorological stations on Antarctica.
Of these 29 stations, 18 are considered to be primary stations. At
four of the stations in the Antarctic Peninsula region (Faraday,
Bellinghausen, Esperenza, and Rothera Point), data records from
neighboring sites with records of ... short duration were merged into
single station records. The first version of this database was
compiled at the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East
Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom. The database extended through 1988
and was made available in 1989 by the Carbon Dioxide Information
Analysis Center (CDIAC) as a Numeric Data Package (NDP), NDP-032. This
update of the database includes data through early 1999 for most
stations (through 2000 for a few), and also includes all available
mean monthly maximum and minimum temperature data. For many stations
this means that over 40 years of data are now available, enough for
many of the trends associated with recent warming to be more
These temperature and pressure data were assembled primarily from the
World Weather Records (WWR) and Monthly Climatic Data for the World
(MCDW) volumes for 1951-1960 and 1961-1970. Data records from these
sources were supplemented with data from additional sources described
in the package. All the assembled data were checked for quality and
long-term homogeneity using inter-station comparison techniques. The
assessment of the long-term homogeneity of the records was done by
comparing the records of two or three neighboring stations. Due to
the distances between the stations, this assessment could only be
adequately done for stations in the Antarctic Peninsula region and
along the main coast of the continental area. Those stations outside
these regions were checked only for major errors. Greater details
about the inter-station comparison technique are provided in Jones and
All CDIAC numerical data packages include copies of pertinent
literature discussing the data, summaries discussing the background,
source and scope of the data, as well as applications limitations and
restrictions of the data.
More information on this data set can be found at:
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Jones, P.D., P.A. Reid
Dataset Title: Antarctic Surface Temperature and Pressure Data
Dataset Series Name: NDP-032
Dataset Release Date: 1989
Dataset Release Place: Oak Ridge, TN
Dataset Publisher: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center
Version: 2001Online Resource: http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/epubs/ndp/ndp032/ndp032.html
Start Date: 1903-01-01Stop Date: 2000-12-31
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > SEA LEVEL PRESSURE
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE TEMPERATURE > MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE TEMPERATURE
OCEANS > OCEAN PRESSURE > SEA LEVEL PRESSURE
OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
Distribution Media: on-line (FTP)
Harangozo, S. A. and S. R. Colwell. 1995. B.A.S. meteorological
database users guide. B.A.S. Meteorology Section, Ice and Climate
Jacka, T. H. and W. F. Budd. 1998. Detection of temperature and sea
ice extent changes in the antarctic and southern
ocean. Ann. Glaciol. 27:553-559.
Jones, P. D. 1990. Antarctic temperatures over the present ... century - A
study of the early expedition records. J. Clim. 3(11):1193-1203.
Jones, P. D. 1995. Recent variations in mean temperature and the
diurnal temperature range in the
Antarctic. Geophy. Res. Lett. 22(11):1345-1332.
Jones, P. D. and D. W. S. Limbert. 1987. A databank of Antarctic
surface temperature and pressure data. U.S. Dept. of Energy Technical
Report, TR038, U.S. Dept. of Energy, Washington D.C.
Jones, P. D. and T. M. L. Wigley. 1988. Antarctic gridded sea level
pressure data: An analysis and reconstruction back to
1957. J. Clim. 1(12):1199-1220.
King, J. C. 1994. Recent climate variability in the vicinity of the
Antarctic Peninsula. Int. J. Clim. 14:14357-14369.
King, J. C. and S. A. Harangozo. 1998. Climate change in the western
Antarctic Peninsula since 1945: observations and possible
causes. Ann. Glaciol. 27:571-575.
Raper, S. C. B., T. M. L. Wigley, P. R. Mayes, P. D. Jones and
M. J. Salinger. 1984. Variations in surface air temperatures, part 3:
The Antarctic 1957-1982. Mon. Weather Rev. 112:1341-1353.
Simmonds, I. and W. F. Budd. 1991. Sensitivity of the Southern
Hemisphere circulation to leads in the Antarctic pack
ice. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 117:1003-1024.
Skvarga, P., W. Rack, H. Rott, and T. I. Donangelo. 1998. Evidence of
recent climatic warming on the eastern Antarctic
Peninsula. Ann. Glaciol. 27:628-632.
Van den Broeke, M. R. 1998. The semi annual oscillation and Antarctic
climate, part 1: Influence on near-surface temperatures
(1957-1979). Antarctic Science 10(2):175-183.
Weatherly, J. W., J. E. Walsh, and H. J. Zwally. 1991. Antarctic sea
ice variations and seasonal air temperature
relationships. J. Geophys. Res. 96:15119-15130.
Weller, G. 1998. Regional impacts of climate change in the Arctic and
Antarctic. Ann. Glaciol. 27:543-552.
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Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-01-27