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Testing Novel Transgenes Encoding Pest/Disease Resistance (Methyl Bromide Alternatives)
Entry ID: USDA0553


Summary
Abstract: "Testing Novel Transgenes Encoding Pest/Disease Resistance (Methyl Bromide
Alternatives)" contains data from tests on the efficacy of vectors containing
useful genes in transgenic apple plants. The goal is to provide viable options
to some of the critical problems facing California and U.S. horticultural
industries with particular emphasis placed on the fruit and nut tree crops.

The purose of this dataset is the elimination/reduction of chemical pesticides
against insect pests, and the elimination/reduction of methyl bromide (which is
a commonly used soil fumigant to combat soil-borne pests, such as nematodes, as
well as a fumigant used for the postharvest preservation of exported
commodities).


Collection Organization: University of California, Davis

Collection Methodology: Vectors containing synthetic CRY IAc
used in plant transformation experiments to obtain transgenic
apple plants. Plants then tested in the laboratory for efficacy
using a bioassay with the key insect pest codling moth (C.
pomonella). Transgenic plants displaying strong activity tested
further in the field. For alternatives to Methyl Bromide
different gene products tested. These include nematicidal
crystal proteins from Bacillus thuringienisis, protease
inhibitors, lectins, and ribsomal inactivating proteins. Genes
obtained and vectors constructed to provide tissues for testing
efficacy.

Collection Frequency: N/A

Update Characteristics: N/A

LANGUAGE:

English
ACCESS/AVAILABILITY:

Data Center: University of California-Davis
Dissemination Media: Paper-based publications.
Access Instructions: Contact the data center.
Access Restrictions: None

Geographic Coverage
 N: 42.51 S: 32.02  E: -113.61  W: -124.9

Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > CALIFORNIA


Science Keywords
AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS >PESTICIDES >METHYL BROMIDE    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE >PLANT DISEASES/DISORDERS/PESTS    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >FOOD SCIENCE >FOOD PROCESSING    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >FOOD SCIENCE >FOOD STORAGE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
FARMING


Quality
Standard scientific procedures.


Keywords
AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY
APPLE TREES
CHEMICAL PESTICIDES
Agriculture And Food Security > Agricultural Diseases > Plant Diseases
Agriculture And Food Security > Agricultural Production > Agricultural Chemicals
Agriculture And Food Security > Agricultural Production > Agricultural Inputs
Agriculture And Food Security > Vegetation > Fruiting
CODLING MOTH
FRUITS
METHYL BROMIDE
METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES
PEST CONTROL
PLANT BREEDING
TRANSGENES
WALNUTS


Originating Center
UCD


Data Center
Department of Pomology, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, University of California, Davis    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://pom.ucdavis.edu/

Data Center Personnel
Name: ABHAYA M. DANDEKAR
Phone: (530) 752-7784
Fax: (530) 752-8502
Email: amdandekar at ucdavis.edu
Contact Address:
University of California
College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences
Department of Pomology
1059 Wickson Hall
One Shields Avenue
City: Davis
Province or State: CA
Postal Code: 95616-8683
Country: USA


Personnel
ABHAYA M. DANDEKAR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (530) 752-7784
Fax: (530) 752-8502
Email: amdandekar at ucdavis.edu
Contact Address:
University of California
College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences
Department of Pomology
1059 Wickson Hall
One Shields Avenue
City: Davis
Province or State: CA
Postal Code: 95616-8683
Country: USA


Publications/References
ADDITIONAL REFERENCES:

Dandekar, A.M., et al. 1994. Engineering resistance to the
insect pest codling moth in apple & walnut. Proc.-2nd Int'l.
Symp. on the Appl. of Biotech. to Tree Culture, Protection, &
Utilization, Minn., Oct. 2-6, pp. 153-158.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-09-12
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-11-18



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