[Parameters: Topic='AGRICULTURE', Term='AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE', Variable_Level_1='PLANT DISEASES/DISORDERS/PESTS']
Influences of Mulches on Nematodes and Diseases in Tomato and Corn (Methyl Bromide Alternatives)Entry ID: USDA0545
Abstract: The purpose of "Influences of Mulches on Nematodes and Diseases
in Tomato and Corn (Methyl Bromide Alternatives)" is to examine
how organic and inorganic mulches change the soil and light
microclimate around a plant to alter its resistance to disease
and reduce the need for soil-applied pesticides.
Collection Organization: Pee Dee Research and Education Center
Collection Methodology: Colored ... plastic mulches evaluated under
field and greenhouse conditions for their effects on root-knot
of tomato. Field evaluation assessed plant biomass accumulation,
photosynthesrates, stomatal conductance, and yield. Greenhouse
studies conducted in simulated planting be where soil moisture
and temperature could be controlled. The effect of organic
mulches (corn stover, grain, and legume cover crops) and corn
hybrids on phytoparasitic nematodes evaluated. In studies
utilizing corn stover as the organic mulch the stover either
left on the soil surface, incorporated with tillage or
mechanically removed without soil disturbance. In studies
involving grain legume cover crops the mulches incorporated with
tillage prior to planning the corn crop.
Collection Frequency: Ongoing research.
Update Characteristics: N/A
Data Center: Pee Dee Research and Education Center
Dissemination Media: Paper-based publications.
Access Instructions: Contact the data center.
Access Restrictions: None
Start Date: 1985-01-01Stop Date: 1996-12-31
ISO Topic Category
Quality Accepted scientific protocols; peer review.
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 803-662-3526, Ext. 235
Email: bfrtnm at clemson.edu
Pee Dee Research and Education Center 2200 Pocket Road
Province or State: SC
Postal Code: 29506-9706
Fortnum, B.A., Decoteau, D.R., Kasperbauer, M.J., and Bridges,
W. 1994. Coloredmulches affect root-knot of tomato.
Walker, N., Fortnum, B.A., and Camberato, J.. 1994. Use of
poultry litter and manure for Meloidogyne incogrmanagement on
squash. Journal of Nematology 26:569.
Barbour, S., Brock, K.H., Fortnum, B.A., and Decoteau, D. 1994.
Alternatives to Methyl Bromide fumigation in tomato production.
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-11-23
Last DIF Revision Date: 2008-02-27