[Parameters: Topic='AGRICULTURE', Term='AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE', Variable_Level_1='PLANT DISEASES/DISORDERS/PESTS']
Testing Novel Transgenes Encoding Pest/Disease Resistance (Methyl Bromide Alternatives)Entry ID: USDA0553
Abstract: "Testing Novel Transgenes Encoding Pest/Disease Resistance (Methyl Bromide
Alternatives)" contains data from tests on the efficacy of vectors containing
useful genes in transgenic apple plants. The goal is to provide viable options
to some of the critical problems facing California and U.S. horticultural
industries with particular emphasis placed on the fruit and nut tree crops.
The purose of ... this dataset is the elimination/reduction of chemical pesticides
against insect pests, and the elimination/reduction of methyl bromide (which is
a commonly used soil fumigant to combat soil-borne pests, such as nematodes, as
well as a fumigant used for the postharvest preservation of exported
Collection Organization: University of California, Davis
Collection Methodology: Vectors containing synthetic CRY IAc
used in plant transformation experiments to obtain transgenic
apple plants. Plants then tested in the laboratory for efficacy
using a bioassay with the key insect pest codling moth (C.
pomonella). Transgenic plants displaying strong activity tested
further in the field. For alternatives to Methyl Bromide
different gene products tested. These include nematicidal
crystal proteins from Bacillus thuringienisis, protease
inhibitors, lectins, and ribsomal inactivating proteins. Genes
obtained and vectors constructed to provide tissues for testing
Collection Frequency: N/A
Update Characteristics: N/A
Data Center: University of California-Davis
Dissemination Media: Paper-based publications.
Access Instructions: Contact the data center.
Access Restrictions: None
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ISO Topic Category
Quality Standard scientific procedures.
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (530) 752-7784
Fax: (530) 752-8502
Email: amdandekar at ucdavis.edu
University of California College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences Department of Pomology 1059 Wickson Hall One Shields Avenue
Province or State: CA
Postal Code: 95616-8683
Dandekar, A.M., et al. 1994. Engineering resistance to the
insect pest codling moth in apple & walnut. Proc.-2nd Int'l.
Symp. on the Appl. of Biotech. to Tree Culture, Protection, &
Utilization, Minn., Oct. 2-6, pp. 153-158.
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-09-12
Last DIF Revision Date: 2007-09-17