[Parameters: Topic='AGRICULTURE', Term='SOILS', Variable_Level_1='SOIL BULK DENSITY']
Long-term effect of farmyard manure and N on yield of pearl millet-wheat cropping sequence, IndiaEntry ID: HAU.FYM
Abstract: This experiment began in 1967 at a site that was originally
shrubland. The project consists of one rotation: Pearl
millet-wheat. Treatments = 1) Absolute control, 2) Farm yard manure
added, 3) N-fertilizer applied, 4) Cultivation without pesticides, 5)
Incorporation of root stubble.
The climatic region of the site is Warm Temperate SubTropical. The
average climatic conditions at the experimental ... site
Minimum annual temperature: 16.1 deg C
Mean annual temperature: 23.8 deg C
Maximum annual temperature: 31.5 deg C
Minimum annual rainfall: 139.4 mm
Mean annual rainfall: 426 mm
Maximum annual rainfall: 796.8 mm
The soil is described as a Fine loamy aridic ustochrept (USDA).
The measurements made, methodology, and frequency are listed below:
a) Vegetation measurements made and frequency
Total above-ground dry matter: Every season
Nitrogen content of offtake: Every 2 years.
Phosphorus and potassium offtake in above-ground dry matter every 2
b) Soil sampling
Time zero soil measurements taken. Samlping depth: 0-15cm, samples
not stored, measurements taken: pH, organic C, CaCO3, Available N, P and K.
Details of soil sampling method: Method of soil sampling: Auger.
Number of cores: 4. Area of plot sampled: Borders of plots not
sampled. Distribution of samples: Random. Soil is separated into layers
Details of measuring depths and soil layers: Depthwise sampling
done at 0-15, 15-30, 30-45 cm every five years. Normally 0-15cm soil
is collected every other year.
c) Soil measurements made and frequency
Total carbon: Every 2 years
Method of measuring total carbon: Oxidizable C is determined by
wet-digestion method of Walkley and Black (1934) Soil Sci. 37:
29-38. This method is 60-70% efficient.
Ammonium nitrogen: Every 5 years
Method of measuring ammonium nitrogen: Distilling ammonia by
alkaline permanganate method of Subbiah & Asija (1956) Current Science
Soil bulk density or weight: Every 5 years.
Method of measuring soil bulk density or weight: Soil samples are
collected with a core sampler and dried to a constant weight. The
ratio of dry weight of soil to core volume will give bulk density.
Other nutrients: DTPA extractable Zn, Mn, Fe, Cu estimated in
1987-88. Available P and K were estimated at an approximate frequency
of 5 years.
Other measurements: Plant (grain and straw) samples analysed for
N, P & K content. Occasionally, soil samples are analysed for
infiltration rate and other physical parameters.
d) Details of the meteorological station
Nearest meteorological station to the site: Meteorological Laboratory,
CCSHAU, Hisar which is 1 km from the site at coordinates
75deg.46min. East, 29deg.11min. North. The meteorological station is manual.
e) Meteorological data available and frequency
Air temperature: Daily
Soil temperature: Daily
Wind speed: Daily
Sun hours: Daily
Relative humidity: Daily
This information was compiled for the GCTE-SOMNET Database, Pete
Smith, Pete Falloon, David Powlson, and Jo Smith. Soil Science
Department, IACR-Rothamsted, UK.
(Click for Interactive Map)
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Dr A.P.Gupta
Dataset Title: Long-term effect of farmyard manure and N on yield of pearl millet-wheat cropping sequence.Online Resource: http://www.rothamsted.bbsrc.ac.uk/Research/Centres/Content.php?Sect...
Start Date: 1967-01-01
AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS > FERTILIZERS
AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE > CROP/PLANT YIELDS
AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE > CROPPING SYSTEMS
AGRICULTURE > ANIMAL SCIENCE > ANIMAL MANURE AND WASTE
AGRICULTURE > SOILS > CARBON > TOTAL CARBON
AGRICULTURE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS > COPPER
AGRICULTURE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS > IRON
AGRICULTURE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS > MANGANESE
AGRICULTURE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS > ZINC
AGRICULTURE > SOILS > NITROGEN > AMMONIUM NITROGEN
AGRICULTURE > SOILS > ORGANIC MATTER
AGRICULTURE > SOILS > PHOSPHORUS
AGRICULTURE > SOILS > POTASSIUM
AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL BULK DENSITY
AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL TEMPERATURE
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > AIR TEMPERATURE
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > WATER VAPOR
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > RAIN
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SUNSHINE
BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > BIOMASS
BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > CARBON
BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > NITROGEN
BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > NUTRIENTS
BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > PHOSPHORUS
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS > COPPER
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS > IRON
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS > MANGANESE
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS > ZINC
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > NITROGEN > AMMONIUM NITROGEN
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > ORGANIC MATTER
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > PHOSPHORUS
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > POTASSIUM
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL BULK DENSITY
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL TEMPERATURE
AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL INFILTRATION
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL INFILTRATION
ISO Topic Category
Quality a) Details of the plots
Width of smallest plot is 6 m
Length of smallest plot is 10 m
Slope: less than 1% . Shape: Uniform
Details of direction of cultivation: Parallel to long-axis of plot
(South to North)
Width of Discard Strip around plot: 12m around site.
b) Details of replication, randomization and controls
There are at least 4 replicates in the experiment.
The experiment has a randomized plot design.
There are control plots described as follows:
There are 4 plots of each 0, 60 and 120 kgN/ha levels of fertilizer
N without the addition of farmyard manure.
Access Constraints none
Data Set Progress
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: + 91 1662 737 21 to 29 Ext. 4278
Fax: +91 1662 735 52
Department of Soil Science CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Postal Code: 125004
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Global Change Master Directory
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Gupta, A.P., Narwal, R.P, Antil, R.S. and Dev, S. (1992) Sustaining soil
fertility with organic C,N,P and K by using
farmyard and fertilizer-N in a semiarid zone: A long-term study. Arid
Soil Research and Rehabilitation 6: 243-251.
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 1999-12-16
Last DIF Revision Date: 2011-03-21