Greenland Summit Ice Cores
Entry ID: ARCSS008

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Summary
Abstract: From 1989 to 1994, the U.S. and European scientific communities supported a bold undertaking to acquire an extensive paleoclimate record for the Northern Hemisphere. These efforts, termed the Greenland Ice Core Project (GRIP) and Greenland Ice Sheet Project Two (GISP2), acquired deep ice cores from sites on and near the Greenland summit. The GISP2 (US) site was located at 72 degrees 36 minutes N, 38 degrees 30 minutes W. The GRIP (European) site was located at 72 degrees 35 minutes N, 37 degrees 38 minutes W. A wide range of environmental and physical parameters were recorded from the cores. The data types are listed below: - Air Mass Trajectories (GISP2) - Chemistry (GISP2, GRIP) - Climatological Data (GISP2) - Cosmogenic Isotopes (GISP2) - Dust (GISP2) - Electrical Conductivity (GISP2, GRIP) - Gas Concentrations in Air Bubbles (GISP2, GRIP) - Physical Properties and Ice Core Stratigraphy (GISP2, GRIP) - Stable Isotopes (GISP2, GRIP) - Time scales (GISP2, GRIP) The GRIP and GISP2 data presented on this CD-ROM were acquired as a part of a multi-institutional effort involving the GISP2 Science Management Office (SMO) at the University of New Hampshire, the Arctic System Science (ARCSS) Data Coordination Center (ADCC) at the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC), the International Ice Core Data Cooperative (IICDC) at the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR), and the World Data Center (WDC) for Paleoclimatology, Boulder at the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC). Documentation, CD-ROM format and structure, artwork, and data format were carried out jointly by NSIDC and the WDC for Paleoclimatology. All GISP2 and GRIP data are jointly archived at the ADCC at NSIDC and at the WDC for Paleoclimatology, NOAA-NGDC. Error notice: Two errors have come to our attention in the GISP2 core data, found on the Greenland Summit Ice Core CD-ROM, originally released in 1998. The corrected files may be found at ftp://adcc.colorado.edu/pub/projects/arcss008/. The dust file, m1650.dat, was missing altogether from the product; the other corrected file is electrical conductivity measurement (ecm) data, d1000.dat. The original d1000.dat file had the same data as the d1100.dat (data for 1100-1149). If you have a copy of this product, please download the corrected files for your use. We apologize for any inconvenience. Contact NSIDC User Services if you have questions.

Related URL
Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: The Greenland Summit Ice Cores CD-ROM contents page at NGDC


Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: online version of the Greenland Summit Ice Cores CD-ROM at NSIDC/ARCSS Data Coordination Center


Geographic Coverage
 N: 72.0 S: 72.0  E: -37.0  W: -38.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: NSIDC and WDC for Paleoclimatology
Dataset Title: Greenland Summit Ice Cores
Dataset Release Date: 1998-01-01
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, CO
Dataset Publisher: National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/arcss008.html


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1989-01-01
Stop Date: 1994-12-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > GREENLAND
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Data Resolution
Vertical Resolution: 1 cm


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >AEROSOLS >DUST/ASH/SMOKE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >UPPER LEVEL WINDS    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >ICE SHEETS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >ICE SHEETS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >STABLE ISOTOPES    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >ICE CORE RECORDS >CARBON DIOXIDE    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >ICE CORE RECORDS >ICE CORE AIR BUBBLES    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >ICE CORE RECORDS >IONS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >ICE CORE RECORDS >ISOTOPES    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >ICE CORE RECORDS >METHANE    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >ICE CORE RECORDS >NITROUS OXIDE    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >ICE CORE RECORDS >PARTICULATE MATTER    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >ICE CORE RECORDS >VOLCANIC DEPOSITS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >LAND RECORDS >GLACIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
ENVIRONMENT
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
INLAND WATERS


Platform
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]
GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS    [Information]
WEATHER STATIONS    [Information]


Instrument
CORING DEVICES    [Information]
ICE AUGERS    [Information]


Project
ARCSS >Arctic System Science    [Information]
ARCSS/GISP2 >Arctic System Science/Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2    [Information]
GISP2 >Greenland Ice Sheet Project II    [Information]
GRIP >Greenland Ice Core Project    [Information]
NSF/OPP >Office of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation    [Information]


Keywords
AWS Climate Data
CH4
CO2
Cosmogenic Isotopes
Electrical Conductivity
GISP2
GRIP
Ice Core Stratigraphy
ICE CORES
Oxygen-18
Paleoclimate
PALEOENVIRONMENT
Radiocarbon
Stable Isotopes
Weather Records


Data Center
National Snow and Ice Data Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org
Dataset ID: ARCSS008

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


Arctic System Science Data Coordination Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/arcss/
Dataset ID: ARCSS008

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC ARCSS USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, Boulder    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/

Data Center Personnel
Name: WDC/PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, BOULDER
Phone: +1 (303) 497-6160
Fax: +1 (303) 497-6513
Email: paleo at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
World Data Center for Paleoclimatology
NOAA/NCDC Code E/GCx3
325 Broadway
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80303
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: CD-ROM
Distribution_Size: 161 MB
Distribution_Format: ASCII text files


Personnel
WDC/PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, BOULDER
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +1 (303) 497-6160
Fax: +1 (303) 497-6513
Email: paleo at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
World Data Center for Paleoclimatology
NOAA/NCDC Code E/GCx3
325 Broadway
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80303
Country: USA


NSIDC USER SERVICES
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


Publications/References

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 1999-01-14
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-05-11

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