Hourly Observations and Climate Data for Ekaterinbourg and St. Petersburg, Russia and Precipitation Maps of Southwest Russia (1876-1918)
Entry ID: NCL00075

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Summary
Abstract: The data resides in 10 books, 'Beobachtungen des observations de
l'Observatoire Magnetique et Meteorolgique a Ekaterinbourg' (C/db
AO-E) written in German and Russian; 'Distribution des Precipitations
et Epaisseur de la Neige' (C/db AO-Ep) written in French and Russian;
and 'Observations de l'Observatoire Meteorologique de l'Institut
Forestier Imperiale St. Petersburg' (C/db Ao-F) written in French and
Russian.

The data contained in these books are hourly surface and upper air
observations and daily and monthly surface climatic data for each
month from 1876 to 1918. Magnetic observations are also included in
the data. These data are for all of Russia, but the tabular
observations are for Ekaterinbourg and St. Petersburg, Russia.

Parameters included in the hourly observations are pressure, air and
soil temperature, humidity, cloudiness, cloud movement, upper-level
and surface winds, sunshine, and precipitation.

Daily variables for each month of the period incorporated in these
data are the following: mean pressure, air, soil, and snow surface
temperature, cloudiness, winds, humidity, vapor pressure, and sunshine
duration; maximum and minimum air, soil, and snow surface temperature,
pressure, humidity, cloudiness, vapor pressure, and winds; cloud
movement; and evaporation totals.

Monthly parameters contained in these data are: mean pressure, winds,
and sunshine; mean maximum and minimum air, soil, and snow surface
temperature, humidity, cloudiness, and evaporation; absolute maximum
and minimum pressure, air temperature, 24 hour cloudiness, 24 hour
precipitation, winds, and daily sunshine; precipitation and sunshine
totals; number of days of maximum and minimum temperature < 0, clear
skies, cloudy skies, precipitation , snow, precipitation of a certain
intensity, snow cover, thunder, lightning, and fog; wind frequency;
percent possible sunshine; and intensity of solar radiation.
Additional parameters include daily snow depth and density, first and
last frosts of each year, freezing and breaking up dates of ice on the
rivers and lakes.

Magnetic parameters included in these data are hourly readings, daily
mean, maximum, and minimum, monthly mean, absolute monthly maximum,
and minimum of declination, horizontal component, and vertical
component.

These books are part of the foreign meteorological data collection
held by the NOAA Central Library in Washington, DC. Information in
this collection dates back to the 18th century for daily, monthly,
seasonal, and annual tabular summaries, and the 19th century for
weather maps. These data are the result of foreign exchange
agreements, but the collection has not been updated since 1983.

Geographic Coverage
 N: 60.0 S: 55.0  E: 50.0  W: 25.0
 Min Altitude: SURFACE

Data Set Citation
Dataset Title: Beobachtungen des observations de l'Observatoire Magnetique et Meteorolgique a Ekaterinbourg
Dataset Series Name: Foreign Meteorological Data Collection
Issue Identification: NOAA Central Library Call number C/db AO-E
Data Presentation Form: 10 Books (Written in German and Russia)
Other Citation Details: Hourly Observations and Climate Data for Ekaterinbourg and St. Petersburg, Russia and Precipitation Maps of Southwest Russia (1876-1918)

Dataset Title: Distribution des Precipitations et Epaisseur de la Neige
Dataset Series Name: Foreign Meteorological Data Collection
Issue Identification: NOAA Central Library Call number C/db AO-Ep
Data Presentation Form: Book (Written in Russian and French)
Other Citation Details: Hourly Observations and Climate Data for Ekaterinbourg and St. Petersburg, Russia and Precipitation Maps of Southwest Russia (1876-1918)

Dataset Title: Observations de l'Observatoire Meteorologique de l'Institut Forestier Imperiale St. Petersburg
Dataset Series Name: Foreign Meteorological Data Collection
Issue Identification: NOAA Central Library Call number C/db AO-F
Data Presentation Form: Book (Written in Russian and French)
Other Citation Details: Hourly Observations and Climate Data for Ekaterinbourg and St. Petersburg, Russia and Precipitation Maps of Southwest Russia (1876-1918)


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1876-01-01
Stop Date: 1918-12-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > RUSSIA
SPACE > EARTH MAGNETIC FIELD > HIGH LATITUDE MAGNETOSPHERE
SPACE > EARTH MAGNETIC FIELD > INNER MAGNETOSPHERE
CONTINENT > ASIA > USSR > Russia
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE
VERTICAL LOCATION > BOUNDARY LAYER
VERTICAL LOCATION > TROPOSPHERE


Data Resolution
Temporal Resolution: Hourly, Daily, Monthly


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC ELECTRICITY >LIGHTNING    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >FOG    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >FREEZE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >FROST    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >LIGHTNING    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >STORMS >THUNDERSTORMS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >SURFACE PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >EVAPORATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >VAPOR PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >UPPER LEVEL WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES >CLOUD FREQUENCY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD TYPES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES >CLOUD VERTICAL DISTRIBUTION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION AMOUNT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >RAIN    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >SNOW    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR IRRADIANCE >INSOLATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SUNSHINE    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >LAKE ICE    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >RIVER ICE    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW/ICE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >LAKE ICE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >RIVER ICE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW/ICE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >LAKES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >RIVERS/STREAMS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMAGNETISM >MAGNETIC FIELD >MAGNETIC DECLINATION    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMAGNETISM >MAGNETIC FIELD    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMAGNETISM >MAGNETIC FIELD >MAGNETIC INCLINATION    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMAGNETISM >MAGNETIC FIELD >MAGNETIC INTENSITY    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
INLAND WATERS


Platform
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]
METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS    [Information]


Instrument
HYGROMETERS    [Information]


Project
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]


Keywords
CLIMATOLOGY
DAILY DATA
EKATERINBOURG
FROST
HOURLY DATA
IDN_NODE GSFC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC
INSOLATION
MONTHLY DATA
RUSSIA
SNOW TEMPERATURES
SOIL TEMPERATURES
ST. PETERSBURG
SUNSHINE
SURFACE
UPPER AIR
UPPER-LEVEL WINDS
USSR
WEATHER
WEATHER OBSERVATIONS


Originating Center
NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/LISD


Data Center
Library Services Information Division, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.lib.noaa.gov/
Dataset ID: C/DB AO-E
Dataset ID: C/DB AO-EP
Dataset ID: C/DB AO-F

Data Center Personnel
Name: NOAA CENTRAL LIBRARY
Phone: (301) 713-2600 x124
Fax: (301) 713-4598
Email: reference at www.lib.noaa.gov
Contact Address:
NOAA Central Library
1315 East-West Highway 2nd Floor, SSMC3
City: Silver Spring
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20910-3282
Country: USA


Personnel
PETER L. GRIMM
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 713-0575
Fax: (301) 713-1249
Email: peter.l.grimm at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
NOAA Environmental Information Services
1315 East-West Highway, SSMC3, Station 15441
City: Silver Spring
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20910
Country: USA



Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-02-23

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