Hourly, Daily, and Monthly Weather Observations and Climate Data for Brussels, Belgium, and Maps for Europe and the North Atlantic (1877-1969)
Entry ID: NCL00221_222_223

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Summary
Abstract: The Belgium, Europe, and Northeast Atlantic data resides in 160 books,
'Bulletin Quotidien Du Temps' (Oversize Foreign Met. Data) written in
French. In these summaries, definitions are:

1. Daily/monthly/seasonal/annual data - values determined for each consecutive
period, e.g., monthly temperature data: Jan 1900, Feb 1900 etc.

2. Long-term data - values determined over a period of years, e.g., long-term
monthly temperature data using Jan 1900, Jan 1901, etc.

The data contained in these books are tables of hourly surface and
upper-level weather data for Belgium and maps for Europe and the
Northeastern Atlantic Ocean. These data are for the period 1877 to
1969. The tables contain the following data: hourly pressure, wind,
temperature, dew point, cloud cover, and rainfall; and hourly upper
level pressure, height, temperature, and winds. The daily weather maps
before 1963 display isobars and fronts, but after this date, consist
of station plots of pressure, winds, temperature, dew point, cloud
cover and weather as well as isobars and fronts.

The Brussels data resides in 7 books, 'Climat de la
Belgique-Bruxelles' (C/dd L244 ) written in French. The data contained
in these books are tables of monthly climate data and graphs
displaying the daily record of pressure and temperature for Brussels,
Belgium. These are for each month of the period 1886 to 1899. The
monthly normals for each of the parameters are also tabulated. The
tables contain the following data: monthly mean pressure, temperature,
wind speed, evaporation, cloudiness, and humidity; mean maximum and
minimum temperature; monthly absolute maximum and minimum pressure,
temperature, and 24 hour rainfall; monthly total evaporation,
sunshine, rainfall, snowfall; monthly per cent of possible sunshine
hours; monthly wind direction frequency; monthly number of days of
temperature above or below a particular rain, snow, hail, fog,
thunder, lightning, calm, cloudy skies, and clear skies. In addition,
there is total rainfall data between certain time periods (ex. 23
Sept.- Oct. 13).

Additional Brussels data resides in 20 books, 'Observatoire Royal de
Bruxelles' (C/dd AO-a). In these summaries, definitions are as in the
above. The data contained in these books are tables of hourly, daily,
and monthly surface weather for Brussels, Belgium. These tables cover
the period 1863 to 1907. The tables contain the following data:
hourly pressure, temperature, winds, clouds, humidity, vapor tension,
vertical magnetic intensity, horizontal magnetic intensity, and
magnetic declination; daily evaporation, rainfall, and snowfall;
monthly mean pressure, temperature, wind speed, cloud cover, and cloud
type; monthly mean maximum and minimum pressure and temperature;
monthly absolute maximum and minimum pressure, and temperature;
monthly 24 hour maximum rainfall; monthly total rainfall and snowfall;
monthly number of days of precipitation, rain, hail, snow, frost,
thunder, fog, clear skies, and cloudy skies; monthly wind and cloud
direction frequency; monthly cloud type frequency; monthly strong and
calm wind frequency for each wind direction; monthly amount of
precipitation for different wind directions; monthly storm track
observations; monthly observations of electricity; monthly wind speed
for thunderstorms; monthly days of weak or violent thunderstorms;
monthly barometric gradient; monthly direction frequency in general
and for thunderstorms; and monthly number of thunderstorm days for
different pressure ranges.

These books are part of the foreign meteorological data collection
held by the NOAA Central Library in Washington, DC. Information in
this collection dates back to the 18th century for daily, monthly,
seasonal, and annual tabular summaries, and the 19th century for
weather maps. These data are the result of foreign exchange
agreements, but the collection has not been updated since 1983.

Geographic Coverage
 N: 75.0 S: 33.0  E: 35.0  W: -40.0
 Max Altitude: SURFACE

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1877-01-01
Stop Date: 1969-12-31


Location Keywords
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > Northeast Atlantic Ocean
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > BELGIUM
CONTINENT > EUROPE > Belgium
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
VERTICAL LOCATION > BOUNDARY LAYER
VERTICAL LOCATION > TROPOSPHERE


Data Resolution
Temporal Resolution: Hourly, Daily, Monthly, Seasona


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC ELECTRICITY >LIGHTNING    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >FOG    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >LIGHTNING    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >STORMS >THUNDERSTORMS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >SURFACE PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE >MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >DEW POINT TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >UPPER LEVEL WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES >CLOUD FREQUENCY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD TYPES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >SOLID PRECIPITATION >HAIL    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION AMOUNT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >LIQUID PRECIPITATION >RAIN >RAINFALL    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >SOLID PRECIPITATION >SNOW >SNOWFALL    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR RADIATION    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMAGNETISM >MAGNETIC FIELD    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Platform
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]
METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS    [Information]


Instrument
HYGROMETERS    [Information]
RADIOSONDES    [Information]


Project
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]


Keywords
BELGIUM
BRUSSELS
CLIMATOLOGY
DAILY DATA
DEW POINT
FOG
IDN_NODE GSFC/ NOAA/NESDIS/NODC
MONTHLY DATA
NORTHEAST ATLANTIC OCEAN
RAINFALL
SEVERE WEATHER
SKY COVER
STATISTICS
SUNSHINE
SURFACE
THUNDERSTORMS
UPPER AIR
UPPER LEVEL WINDS
WEATHER OBSERVATIONS


Originating Center
NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/LISD


Data Center
Library Services Information Division, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.lib.noaa.gov/
Dataset ID: C/DD AO-A
Dataset ID: C/DD L244
Dataset ID: OVERSIZE FOREIGN MET. DATA > Bulletin Quotidien du Temps

Data Center Personnel
Name: NOAA CENTRAL LIBRARY
Phone: (301) 713-2600 x124
Fax: (301) 713-4598
Email: reference at www.lib.noaa.gov
Contact Address:
NOAA Central Library
1315 East-West Highway 2nd Floor, SSMC3
City: Silver Spring
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20910-3282
Country: USA


Personnel
PETER L. GRIMM
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 713-0575
Fax: (301) 713-1249
Email: peter.l.grimm at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
NOAA Environmental Information Services
1315 East-West Highway, SSMC3, Station 15441
City: Silver Spring
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20910
Country: USA



Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-02-23

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