Hourly, Daily, Monthly, Seasonal, and Annual Weather Data for Spain Including Catalonia, Madrid, Oviedo, Gilbraltar, and Malaga (1851-1927)
Entry ID: NCL0177178184185186187188200201

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Summary
Abstract: The Catalonia data resides in 1 book, 'Servicio Meteorologico de Cataluna
Carta del Tiempo' (C/dg AO) written in Spanish. This book contains hourly and
daily surface weather data in tables for Catalonia, Spain, maps for that
region, and maps for Western Europe and the north-western tip of Africa in
1926. The tables contain hourly data for temperature, surface winds, and sky
cover. The tables contain daily data, averaged individually for absolute
maximum and minimum temperatures, and total precipitation. In addition, the
tables show occasional upper-level wind data from the observatory in Ebro. The
local maps contain hourly data for cloudiness and surface winds. The regional
maps include hourly data for pressure, fronts, and surface winds. Narratives
below the maps elaborate on specific local conditions.

Additional Catalonia data resides in 1 book, 'Granja Experimental de Barcelona:
Resumen de las Observaciones Meteorologicas y Fenologicas (1896-1899)' (C/dg500
G75 28290) In these summaries, definitions are:

1. Hourly/daily/monthly/seasonal/annual data - values determined for each
consecutive period, e.g., monthly temperature data: Jan 1900, Feb 1900, etc.

2. Long-term data - values determined over a period of years, e.g., long-term
monthly temperature data using Jan 1900, Jan 1901, etc.

This book contains regional monthly and seasonal surface weather data from
between approximately 30 and 50 reporting stations in Catalonia and the
Balearic Islands in Spain; and daily, monthly, seasonal and annual local
surface weather data from Barcelona, Spain. The weather data are presented in
tables, maps, graphs, and narratives. In addition, this book contains regional
and local phenologic data in tables and narratives. The majority of the data
are given for August 1897 through July 1899. One graph gives mean temperature
readings for the decade beginning in January 1887. Extensive monthly data are
given for August and September 1896, but no further data are given until August
1897. Monthly data are provided thereafter except for the missing months of
November 1897 and March and April 1898.

The data from the regional reporting stations are contained in tables up to
February 1898 and in maps and narratives thereafter. Tables of growing season
data begin in December 1897 and are given through December 1898. Growing season
and other phenologic data, both regional and local, are given in narratives
throughout the text.

The Madrid surface weather data resides in 1 book, 'Resumen de los Trabajos
Meteorologicos Correspondientes al Ano 1854 Verificados en el Real
Observatorio de Madrid' (C/dg Ao-b) written in Spanish. This book contains
tables of hourly, daily, monthly, and yearly surface weather data for Madrid,
Spain from December, 1853 to December, 1854. Tables for the days of March 21,
June 21, and September 21 contain pressure, temperature, humidity, water vapor,
vapor pressure, wind speed and direction, rainfall, evaporation,
precipitation, sky cover, and cloud types. Hourly actinometric readings for
solar radiation are also given for selected days in March. The tables contain
the following daily data, averaged individually: mean pressures, temperatures,
humidity, sky cover, water vapor, pressure, soil temperatures at varying
depths, and atmospheric electricity; absolute maximum and minimum temperatures;
total rainfall, evaporation, and solar radiation; absolute ranges of
temperature and pressure; and earth radiative properties at minimum nocturnal
air temperature.

Additional tables record successive days when the average pressure varied
more than 5mm and when mean temperatures varied more than 3 degrees
centigrade. The tables contain the following monthly data, averaged
individually: mean pressures, humidity, vapor pressures, sky cover, and solar
radiation; mean maximum and minimum pressures, temperatures, humidity, and
vapor pressure; absolute maximum and minimum pressures, temperatures, humidity,
solar radiation, and vapor pressures; total rainfall, wind, and evaporation;
number of days without sky cover, of total cloudiness, and with rain; mean
ranges of pressure, temperature, humidity, and vapor pressure; absolute ranges
of temperature, humidity, and vapor pressure; difference between total
evaporation and rainfall, maximum drop and rise in soil temperature. The tables
contain the following seasonal data, averaged individually: mean pressures,
temperatures, humidity, sky cover, vapor pressures, and solar radiation; total
rainfall, and evaporation; number of days with rain; and mean ranges of
pressure, and temperature. The tables contain the following yearly data,
averaged individually: mean pressures, temperatures, humidity, sky cover, vapor
pressures, and solar radiation; total rainfall, and evaporation; number of days
with rain; mean ranges of pressure, and temperature; soil temperature ranges at
varying depths for given days, and soil temperature ranges at varying depths.

Additional Madrid data resides in 28 books, 'Annuario del Real Observatorio de
Madrid: Segundo Ano - 1861 (1860)' (C/dg Ao-1 3461), 'Annuario del Real
Observatorio de Madrid: Tercer Ano - 1862 (1861)' (C/dg Ao-1 3462), ' Annuario
del Real Observatorio de Madrid: Cuarto Ano - 1863 (1862)' (C/dg Ao-1 3463),
'Annuario del Real Observatorio de Madrid: Quinto Ano - 1864 (1863)' (C/dg Ao-1
3464), and 'Annuario del Real Observatorio de Madrid: Sexto Ano - 1865 (1864)'
(C/dg Ao-1 3465). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. These
volumes are the second through sixth volumes of the annual of Real Observatory
in Madrid. All of the annuals are concerned primarily with astronomical data,
but most of them contain meteorological data for Madrid, the Iberian peninsula
or both. Besides information about celestial phenomena, solar and lunar
eclipses, planetary and stellar occultations visible in Madrid, these volumes
contain tables of ten-day, monthly, and annual surface weather data for Madrid,
Spain in 1860.

The tables contain the following data: ten-day mean soil temperatures at
varying depths; monthly mean pressure, temperature, humidity, vapor pressure,
and evaporation; monthly mean (given hour) pressure, temperature, humidity, and
vapor pressure; monthly absolute maximum and minimum pressure, temperature,
vapor pressure, and evaporation; monthly total rainfall, cloudiness, and wind
direction; monthly number of days with rainfall, cloudiness, and storms;
monthly range of mean pressure, and temperature; annual mean pressure,
temperature, and evaporation; annual mean (given hour) pressure, temperature,
humidity, and vapor pressure; annual absolute maximum and minimum temperature,
daily rainfall, and evaporation; annual total rainfall; annual number of days
with rainfall or storm, and cloudiness; annual frequency of wind direction;
annual range of mean pressure; and annual range of mean (given hour) pressure,
humidity, temperature, and vapor pressure.

The Oviedo data resides in 1 book, 'Estacion Meteorologica de Oviedo Resumenes
Generales de las Observaciones Realizadas Desde el Ano de 1851' (C/dg165 Ao-f
6680) written in Spanish. This book contains tables of monthly and annual
surface weather data for Oviedo, Spain from January 1851 to December 1881.
The tables contain the following monthly data determined for a period: mean
pressure, temperature, humidity, and vapor pressure; mean maximum and minimum
pressure and temperature; absolute maximum and minimum pressure, temperature,
and rainfall number of days with clear, partly cloudy, and cloudy skies.
Determined individually: mean pressure, temperature, humidity, and vapor
pressure; absolute maximum and minimum pressure and temperature; total rainfall;
number of days with clear, partly cloudy, and cloudy skies, wind direction, and
storms; mean temperature oscillation; and range of absolute maximum and minimum
pressure and temperature. The tables contain the following annual data
determined for a period: mean pressure, temperature, humidity, vapor pressure,
and wind direction; mean maximum and minimum pressure and temperature;
absolute maximum and minimum pressure and temperature; total rainfall; and
number of clear, partly cloudy, and cloudy days. Determined individually: mean
pressure, temperature, humidity, and vapor pressure; absolute maximum and
minimum pressure and temperature; total rainfall; number of days of clear,
partly cloudy, and cloudy skies, wind direction, and storms.

Additional Oviedo data resides in 1 book, 'Estacion Meteorologica de Oviedo
Resumenes Generales de las Observaciones Hechas Durante el ano de 1883'
(C/dg165 Ao-f P3830) written in Spanish. This book contains tables of surface
weather data as in the above for Oviedo, Spain in 1883.

Data for Southeast Spain resides in 1 book, 'Suplemento al Boletin
Meteorologico de la Federacion Agraria de Levante, Precipitationes Registradas
en la Red Pluviometrica Durante los Meses de Diciembre de 1926 a Mayo de 1927'
(C/dg220 V152 47764) written in Spanish. This book contains maps and tables
showing total monthly and seasonal rainfall for southeastern Spain for one
winter and spring (1926-1927). The data are taken from approximately 130
reporting stations. The tables contain monthly data, determined individually
for total rainfall. The tables contain seasonal data, determined individually
for total rainfall. The maps contain seasonal data, determined individually for
total rainfall distribution.

The Gilbraltar data resides in 1 book, 'Gibraltar Station Meteorological
Observations (1909-1926)' (C/dg300 Ao 50395). This book contains tables of
monthly and annual surface weather data from Gibraltar (1909-1926).

The Malaga data resides in 1 book, 'Sociedad Propagandista del Clima y
Embellecimiento de Malaga. Observaciones Climatalogicas (1899-1900)' (C/dg145
s67 29755) written in Spanish and, for all but the first 6 weeks, in French and
English. This book contains tables of daily surface weather data from Malaga,
Spain for late 1899 and early 1900. The tables contain the following hourly
data, determined individually: pressure, air and wet bulb temperature, and wind
direction; and remarks on the general state of the weather. The tables contain
the following daily data, determined individually: absolute maximum and minimum
temperature; total rainfall;

These books are part of the foreign meteorological data collection held by the
NOAA Central Library in Washington, DC. Information in this collection dates
back to the 18th century for daily, monthly, seasonal, and annual tabular
summaries, and the 19th century for weather maps. These data are the result of
foreign exchange agreements, but the collection has not been updated since
1983.

Geographic Coverage
 N: 60.0 S: 20.0  E: 15.0  W: -15.0

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1851-01-01
Stop Date: 1927-12-31


Location Keywords
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > MEDITERRANEAN SEA > Western Mediterranean Sea
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > SPAIN > GIBRALTAR
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > SPAIN > Catalonia > Madrid > Oviedo > Malaga > Barcelona
CONTINENT > AFRICA > North Africa > Western North Africa
CONTINENT > AFRICA > NORTHERN AFRICA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > Spain > Catalonia
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE
VERTICAL LOCATION > BOUNDARY LAYER
VERTICAL LOCATION > TROPOSPHERE


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >TRACE GASES/TRACE SPECIES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >STORMS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >SURFACE PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >EVAPORATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >UPPER LEVEL WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES >CLOUD FREQUENCY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD TYPES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION AMOUNT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >RAIN >RAINFALL    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR IRRADIANCE >INSOLATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SUNSHINE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL DEPTH    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >OXYGEN COMPOUNDS >OZONE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Platform
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]
OBSERVATORIES    [Information]


Instrument
HYGROMETERS    [Information]


Project
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]


Keywords
AFRICA
ANNUAL DATA
CATALONIA
CLIMATOLOGY
DAILY DATA
GILBRALTAR
GROWING SEASON
HOURLY DATA
INSOLATION
MADRID
MALAGA
MONTHLY DATA
NORTH AFRICA
OVIEDO
RADIATION
SEASONAL DATA
SKY COVER
SOIL TEMPERATURES
SPAIN
SUNSHINE
SURFACE
UPPER AIR


Originating Center
NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/LISD


Data Center
Library Services Information Division, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.lib.noaa.gov/
Dataset ID: C/DG AO
Dataset ID: C/DG AO-1 3461
Dataset ID: C/DG AO-1 3462
Dataset ID: C/DG AO-1 3463
Dataset ID: C/DG AO-1 3464
Dataset ID: C/DG AO-1 3465
Dataset ID: C/DG AO-B
Dataset ID: C/DG145 S67 29755
Dataset ID: C/DG165 AO-F 6680
Dataset ID: C/DG165 AO-F P3830
Dataset ID: C/DG220 V152 47764
Dataset ID: C/DG300 AO 50395
Dataset ID: C/DG500 G75 28290

Data Center Personnel
Name: NOAA CENTRAL LIBRARY
Phone: (301) 713-2600 x124
Fax: (301) 713-4598
Email: reference at www.lib.noaa.gov
Contact Address:
NOAA Central Library
1315 East-West Highway 2nd Floor, SSMC3
City: Silver Spring
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20910-3282
Country: USA


Personnel
ALAN KEIR MARTINSON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 210-0250
Contact Address:
Scientific and Commercial Systems Corporation
6429 Virginia Manor Rd.
City: Beltsville
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20705
Country: USA



Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-02-23

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