Historical Arctic Rawinsonde Archive
Entry ID: NSIDC-0008

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Summary
Abstract:

Note: This data set is now on FTP so references to CD-ROM are historic and no longer applicable.

The Historical Arctic Rawinsonde Archive is on FTP, and it contains millions of vertical soundings of temperature, pressure, humidity, and wind, representing all available rawinsonde ascents from Arctic land stations poleward of 65 degrees North. HARA includes soundings from the beginning of record through mid-1996. Most stations began recording soundings in the late 1950s, but a few began in 1947 or 1948. Coverage is relatively uniform, except for the interior of Greenland. Typically, 20 to 40 levels are available in each sounding. HARA documentation is provided in the FTP directory and in hard copy (NSIDC Special Report 2, 1992). The FTP directory contain software (Fortran and C) for retrieval of sounding data subsets. The original soundings were obtained from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, Colorado and the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) of NOAA in Asheville, North Carolina.

Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: 65.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Jonathan Kahl and Mark Serreze
Dataset Title: Historical Arctic Rawinsonde Archive
Dataset Release Date: 2003-06-05
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/NSIDC-0008


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1947-11-10
Stop Date: 1996-06-30


Location Keywords
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ALTITUDE >GEOPOTENTIAL HEIGHT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS >WIND DIRECTION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >UPPER LEVEL WINDS >WIND DIRECTION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS >WIND SPEED    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >UPPER LEVEL WINDS >WIND SPEED    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE


Platform
BALLOONS    [Information]
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]


Instrument
RADIOSONDES    [Information]
RAWINSONDES    [Information]


Project
EOSDIS >Earth Observing System Data Information System    [Information]
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]


Keywords
Alaska
Arctic
Atmospheric Soundings
Canada
Dewpoint Depression
EOSDIS
Finland
Greenland
Norway
Polar
Radiosondes
Rawinsondes
Russia
Sweden
US
Wind Direction
Wind Speed


Data Set Progress
IN WORK


Data Center
NSIDC Distributed Active Archive Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration at the National Snow and Ice Data Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC NOAA USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


National Snow and Ice Data Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: CD-ROM


Personnel
JONATHAN D. W. KAHL
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 414-229-4561
Email: kahl at csd.uwm.edu
Contact Address:
Department of Geosciences
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
P.O. Box 413
City: Milwaukee
Province or State: WI
Postal Code: 53201
Country: USA


MARK C. SERREZE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: (303) 492-6199
Fax: (303) 492-2468
Email: serreze at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449


NSIDC USER SERVICES
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


Publications/References
Kahl, J.D., M.C. Serreze, S. Shiotani, S.M. Skony, and R.C. Schnell, In situ meteorological sounding archives for arctic studies, Bul. Amer. Met. Soc., 73(11), 1824-1830, 1992. Serreze, M.C., J.D. Kahl and S. Shiotani, The Historical Arctic Rawisonde Archive Documentation Manual, NSIDC SP-2, National Snow and Ice Data Center, University of Colorado, 26 p., 1992.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2003-06-05
Last DIF Revision Date: 2014-07-15

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