Arctic Water Vapor Characteristics from Rawinsondes
Entry ID: NSIDC-0033

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Summary
Abstract: A gridded climatological monthly-mean data base of Arctic water vapor characteristics has been assembled by combining fixed station data with data from soundings taken over the Arctic Ocean from ships and Russian drifting stations. Variables provided include temperature, specific humidity, zonal vapor flux, meridional vapor flux, zonal wind speed, and meridional wind speed, available for 15 levels extending from the surface and then at every 50 mb from 950 mb to 300 mb; sea level pressure and geopotential height, available at 850 mb, 700 mb, 500 mb and 300 mb; and precipitable water, vertically integrated zonal vapor flux and vertically integrated meridional vapor flux, available for five layers, surface to 850 mb, 850 to 700 mb, 700 to 500 mb, 500 to 400 mb and 400 to 300 mb. Coverage of the rawinsonde archives extends from 1945 through 1990 for data from the Russian North Pole series of drifting ice stations over the Arctic Ocean; from 1976 through 1991 for fixed-station data obtained from the National Center for Atmospheric Research; and from about 1958 through 1991 for fixed-station data obtained from the Historical Arctic Rawinsonde Archive. All variables were obtained through interpolation of the raw sounding data, with the exception of sea level pressure and geopotential height. The file, available via ftp, is structured in monthly data arrays over a subsection of the National Meteorological Center grid (octagonal grid format) centered over the pole, extending to approximately 65 degrees North on each side and about 55 degrees North at the corners.

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Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: 65.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Serreze, M., R. Barry, and J. Kahl
Dataset Title: Arctic Water Vapor Characteristics from Rawinsondes
Dataset Release Date: 2011-09-29
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0033.html


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1954-01-01


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > HUDSON BAY
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN > BAFFIN BAY
OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN > BEAUFORT SEA
OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN > CHUKCHI SEA
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > GREENLAND SEA
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN > BERING SEA


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ALTITUDE >GEOPOTENTIAL HEIGHT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >SEA LEVEL PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >PRECIPITABLE WATER >WATER VAPOR FLUX    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS >WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >UPPER LEVEL WINDS >WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE


Platform
BALLOONS    [Information]
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]


Instrument
RAWINSONDES    [Information]


Project
EOSDIS >Earth Observing System Data Information System    [Information]
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]


Keywords
DRIFTING STATIONS
IDN_NODE GSFC/NSIDC
Precipitable Water
Rawinsondes
Sea Level Pressure
Vapor Flux
Wind Speed


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
NSIDC Distributed Active Archive Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


National Snow and Ice Data Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: FTP


Personnel
MARK C. SERREZE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: (303) 492-6199
Fax: (303) 492-2468
Email: serreze at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449


JONATHAN D. W. KAHL
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 414-229-4561
Email: kahl at csd.uwm.edu
Contact Address:
Department of Geosciences
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
P.O. Box 413
City: Milwaukee
Province or State: WI
Postal Code: 53201
Country: USA


R. G. BARRY
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
University of Colorado
National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology
449 UCB
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


NSIDC USER SERVICES
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


Publications/References
Serreze, M. C., M. C. Rehder, R. G. Barry and J. D. Kahl. 1995. Arctic Water Vapor Characteristics: A Climatological Data Base. User's Guide. National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Serreze, M. C., M. C. Rehder, R. G. Barry and J. D. Kahl. 1994(a). A climatological database of arctic water vapor characteristics. Polar Geography and Geology. 18(1):63-75.

Serreze, M. C., M. C. Rehder, R. G. Barry, J. D. Kahl and N. A. Zaitseva. 1994 (b). The distribution and transport of water vapor over the Arctic Basin. Int. J. Climatology. In press.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2011-09-29
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-08-14

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