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Atlas of Surface Marine Data 1994 on CD-ROM
Entry ID: NOAA_ATLAS_SURFACE_MARINE_DATA

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Summary
Abstract: This set of 9 CD-ROMs contains raw and objectively analyzed fields of
surface marine anomalies of fluxes of heat, momentum, and fresh water
along with other parameters of interest. Revised monthly mean fields
are derived from individual observations in the Comprehensive
Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (COADS Release 1 and an interim release for
the 1980s) from January 1945 to December 1993, and are analyzed on a
1-degree by 1-degree global grid. Corrections have been made to reduce
wind speed bias associated with an erroneous Beaufort equivalent
scale, to quality control night-time fractional cloud cover
observations according to the brightness of the sky, to consider
weather-associated "sky obscured" cloudiness observations as valid
observations of 100% cloud cover, and to correct for erroneously
missing "clear" present weather observations after 1981. The data
are in the Unidata NetCDF format. Access subroutines in FORTRAN are
included on the CD-ROMs for those unfamiliar with NetCDF.

NOTE: Advanced programming skills are strongly recommended for users of
this data product.
NOAAServer Codes: [OL 90 -80 180 -180] ; nodateline obtain

The Atlas of Surface Marine Data is divided into five volumes. Volume
1 contains in depth documentation of the data set, including all
parameterizations, calculations, analysis methods and bias corrections.
Volumes 2 through 5 contain graphical representations of the data,
including seasonal contour plots of climatology, standard deviation,
and anomalies of the analyzed quantities.

The data files associated with the Atlas are available on CD-ROM and
Exabyte tape. Both analyzed and unanalyzed parameters are available.

The parameters include:

Directly Observed Quantities
----------------------------
fractional cloudiness (%)
specific humidity
sea level air temperature
sea level air pressure
sea surface temperature
zonal wind
meridional wind
wind speed

Heat and Momentum Flux Quantities
---------------------------------
short wave cloudiness sensitivity parameter
long wave Chi sensitivity parameter
long wave vapor pressure sensitivity parameter
ocean friction velocity cubed
latent heat flux
net long wave radiation
constrained net heat flux
sensible heat flux
net short wave radiation
zonal wind stress
meridional stress

Fresh Water Flux Quantities
---------------------------
constrained buoyancy flux minus precipitation
constrained evaporation minus precipitation
evaporation rate
precipitation rate
zonal moisture flux
meridional moisture flux

Miscellaneous Derived Quantities
--------------------------------
sea level air density
qsea minus q
sea level saturation specific humidity
relative humidity
sea minus air temperature
zonal heat flux
meridional heat flux
vapor pressure
virtual temperature

Additional Quantities
--------------------
ice masks
monthly salinity

More information about the data, as well as ordering information, can
be found on the NODC WWW home page: "http://www.nodc.noaa.gov"

[This summary was condensed from NOAA/NESDIS Earth System Monitor
Vol. 6, No. 2, December 1995.]
("http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/OC5/ASMD94/pr_asmd.html")

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Surface Marine Data 1994 from LDEO Climate Data Library


Link: GET DATA
Description: Surface Marine Data 1994 from LDEO Climate Data Library


Link: GET DATA
Description: NVODS Live Access to Surface Marine Data 1994


Link: GET DATA
Description: NODC CD-ROM order page


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Surface Marine SST information.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: -90.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: NOAA/NESDIS/NATIONAL OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA CENTER
Dataset Title: Atlas of Surface Marine Data 1994 on CD-ROM
Dataset Release Date: 1995/07
Version: 1
Online Resource: http://www.nodc.noaa.gov


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1945-01-01
Stop Date: 1993-12-31


Location Keywords
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN
OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > EQUATORIAL
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
VERTICAL LOCATION > SEA SURFACE


Data Resolution
Latitude Resolution: 1 degree
Longitude Resolution: 1 degree


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >SEA LEVEL PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >EVAPORATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY >RELATIVE HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >RELATIVE HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >WIND STRESS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES >CLOUD FREQUENCY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION AMOUNT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >HEAT FLUX    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >LONGWAVE RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR RADIATION    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN HEAT BUDGET >EVAPORATION    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN HEAT BUDGET >HEAT FLUX    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN WINDS >WIND STRESS    [Definition]
OCEANS >SALINITY/DENSITY >SALINITY    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
OCEANS


Platform
BUOYS    [Information]
OCEAN WEATHER STATIONS    [Information]
SHIPS    [Information]


Instrument
BATHYTHERMOGRAPHS    [Information]


Project
COADS >Comprehensive Ocean Atmosphere Data Set    [Information]
DODS >Distributed Oceanographic Data System    [Information]
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]
OPENDAP >Open-source Project for a Network Data Access Protocol    [Information]


Use Constraints
NOAA and NODC would appreciate recognition as the
resource from which these data were obtained in any publications
and/or other representations of these data.


Keywords
ATMOSPHERIC FORCING
OCEAN CLIMATOLOGY
PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY
TEMS
GTOS
G3OS


Originating Center
NOAA/NESDIS/NODC


Data Center
Ocean Climate Laboratory, National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/OC5/

Data Center Personnel
Name: NODC USER SERVICES
Phone: 301-713-3277
Fax: 301-713-3302
Email: NODC.Services at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
1315 East-West Highway, SSMC3, 4th floor
City: Silver Spring
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20910
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: CD-ROM
Distribution_Format: netCDF
Fees: varies


Personnel
ARLINDO M. DA SILVA
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: arlindo.m.dasilva at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
Cod 610.1
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


MELANIE F. MEAUX
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Email: gsfc-gcmduso at mail.nasa.gov


SYDNEY LEVITUS
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: sydney.levitus at goaa.gov


CHRISTINE C. YOUNG
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: ccy at climate.geo.uwm.edu
Contact Address:
Department of Geosciences
P.O. Box 413
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
City: Milwaukee
Province or State: WI
Postal Code: 53201
Country: USA


Publications/References
da Silva, A.M., C.C. Young and S. Levitus, 1994a: Atlas of Surface
Marine Data 1994, Volume 1: Algorithms and Procedures. NOAA Atlas
NESDIS 6. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA, NESDIS.

da Silva, A.M., C.C. Young and S. Levitus, 1994b: Atlas of Surface
Marine Data 1994, Volume 2: Anomalies of Directly Observed
Quantities. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 7. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA,
NESDIS.

da Silva, A.M., C.C. Young and S. Levitus, 1994c: Atlas of Surface
Marine Data 1994, Volume 3: Anomalies of Heat and Momentum Fluxes.
NOAA Atlas NESDIS 8. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA, NESDIS.

da Silva, A.M., C.C. Young and S. Levitus, 1994d: Atlas of Surface
Marine Data 1994, Volume 4: Anomalies of Fresh Water Fluxes.
NOAA Atlas NESDIS 9. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA, NESDIS.

da Silva, A.M., C.C. Young and S. Levitus, 1994e: Atlas of Surface
Marine Data 1994, Volume 5: Anomalies of Miscellaneous Derived
Quantities. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 10. U.S. Department of Commerce,NOAA,
NESDIS.

Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-11-18



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