[Parameters: Topic='ATMOSPHERE', Term='PRECIPITATION', Variable_Level_1='SNOW']
Adjusted Monthly Precipitation, Snowfall and Rainfall for Canada (1874-1990)Entry ID: NSIDC-0072
Abstract: This data set was distributed by NSIDC until October, 2003, when it was withdrawn from distribution because it duplicates the NOAA National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) data set TD-9816 'Canadian Monthly Precipitation' (Groisman, P.Y. 1998. National Climatic Data Center Data Documentation for TD-9816, Canadian Monthly Precipitation. National Climatic Data Center 151 Patton Ave., Asheville, NC. 21 ... pp.). TD-9816 contains monthly rainfall, snowfall and precipitation (the sum of rainfall and snowfall) values from 6,692 stations in Canada. NCDC investigator Pavel Groisman obtained the original data from the Canadian Atmospheric Environment Service (AES) in the early 1990s and adjusted the measurements to account for inconsistencies and changes in instrumentation over the period of record. TD-9816 contains both the original and adjusted data. Related data are the Historical Adjusted Climate Database for Canada, Version December 2002, and Rehabilitated Precipitation and Homogenized Temperature Data Sets provided by the Climate Monitoring and Data Interpretation DivisionÂs Climate Research Branch, Meteorological Service of Canada. Monthly Rehabilitated Precipitation and Homogenized Temperature Data Sets (updated annually) includes an alternative version of this data set using different correction methods. It is distributed by the Meteorological Service of Canada, who also provides a Microsoft Word document that compares the two different data correction methods.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: P. Groisman
Dataset Title: Adjusted Monthly Precipitation, Snowfall and Rainfall for Canada (1874-1990)
Dataset Release Date: 2000-01-01
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, CO U.S.A.
Dataset Publisher: National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)Online Resource: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/ncdc.html
Start Date: 1874-01-01Stop Date: 1990-12-31
ISO Topic Category
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: ftp
Distribution Size: approximately 45MB
Distribution Format: ASCII fixed text format
Email: pgroisman at ncdc.noaa.gov
National Climatic Data Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Province or State: NC
Postal Code: 28801
Phone: (303) 492-6199
Fax: (303) 492-2468
Email: serreze at nsidc.org
National Snow and Ice Data Center CIRES, 449 UCB University of Colorado
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
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Groisman, P.Ya. D.R. Easterling. 1994. Variability and trends of precipitation and snowfall over the United States and Canada. Journal of Climate 7:184-205.
Karl, T.R., Quayle, R.G., Groisman, P.Ya. 1993. Detecting climate variations and change: New challenges for observing and ... data management systems. Journal of Climate 6:1481-1494.
Metcalfe, J.R., B. Routledge, K. Devine. 1997. Rainfall measurement in Canada: Changing observational methods and archive adjustment procedures. Journal of Climate 10:92-101.
Akima, H., 1978. A method of bivariate interpolation and smooth surface fitting for irregularly distributed data points. ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software 4:148-159.
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Currie, B.W., 1947. Water content of snow in cold climates. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 28:150-151.
Ferguson, H.L., D.M. Pollock. 1971. Estimating snowpack accumulation for runoff prediction. Canadian Hydrology Symposium No.8: Runoff from Snow and Ice. Inland Water Branch, Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources, Quebec City. 7-27.
Golubev, V.S., 1993. Experience of correction of precipitation point measurements and analysis of correction procedures. AMS Proceedings: Eighth Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation Anaheim, CA. 325-328.
Golubev, V.S., V.V. Koknaeva, A.Yu. Simonenko. 1995. Results of atmospheric precipitation measurements by national standard gauges of Canada, USA, and Russia. Meteorologia i Gidrologia 2:102-110. (in Russian)
Goodison, B.E., H.L. Ferguson, G.A. McKay. 1981. Comparison of point snowfall measurement techniques. In: D.M.Gray and D.M. Male (Eds). 'Handbook on Snow: Principles, processes, management and use. Pergamon Press, p. 200-210.
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Goodison, B.E., J.R. Metcalfe. 1989. Canadian participation in the WMO Solid Precipitation Measurement Intercomparison: preliminary results. WMO/IAHS/ETH International Workshop on precipitation Measurement, St.-Mor itz, Switzerland, 3-7 December, 1989, 121-125.
Goodison, B.E., P.Y.T. Louie and D. Yang. 1998. WMO solid precipitation measurement intercomparison, final report, 212 pp. World Meteorlogical Organization, Geneva.
Groisman, P.Y., V.V. Koknaeva, T.A. Belokrylova, and T.R. Karl. 1991. Overcoming biases of precipitation measurement: A history of the USSR experience, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 72 (11): 1725-1733.
Groisman, P.Ya., R.W. Knight, T.R. Karl, R.R. Heim Jr. 1993. Inferences of the North American snowfall and snow cover with recent global temperature changes. Proceedings of 'Snow Watch '92' Conference, Niagara-on the-Lake, Canada, March 30 - April 1, 1992, 44-51.
Groisman, P.Ya., T.R. Karl. R.W. Knight, G.L. Stenchikov. 1994. Changes of snow cover, temperature, and radiative heat balance over the Northern Hemisphere. Journal of Climate 7:1633-1656.
Groisman, P.Ya., D.R. Easterling. 1996. Variability and trends of precipitation and snowfall over North America. In 'Natural and Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales', National Academy Press, 67-77.
Groisman, P.Ya., T.R. Karl, D.R. Easterling, R.W. Knight, P.B. Jamason, K J. Hennessy, R. Suppiah, Ch.M. Page, J. Wibig, K. Fortuniak, V.N. Razuvaev, A. Douglas, E. Forland, P.-M. Zhai. 1999. Changes in the prob ability of heavy precipitation: Important indicators of climatic change. Climatic Change (in press).
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Yang, D., S. Ishida, B.E. Goodison, and T. Gunther. 1999. Bias correction of daily precipitation measurements for Greenland. Journal of Geophysical Research 104 (D6): 6171-6181.
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2000-03-25
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-05-14