MARMAP Florida Antillean Trap Survey 1990-2009Entry ID: MARMAP_FloridaAntillean
Abstract: Abundance and biomass of fish species collected during the day from 1980 to 1989 off the coast of the southeastern United States (Cape Fear, NC to Cape Canaveral, FL). Florida Antillean traps were set on live-bottom reef areas on the continental shelf and upper slope. Florida Antillean traps were rectangular (0.9 m x 1.1 m x 0.6 m; 0.59 m3 volume) and constructed of 38 x 51 mm (1.5 x 2.0 inch) plastic-coated wire mesh. Each trap had one entrance and one bait well (0.13-m diameter, 0.6-m length). Each trap was soaked between 90 and 120 minutes.
Purpose: For thirty years, the Marine Resources Research Institute (MRRI) at the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources (SCDNR), through the Marine Resources Monitoring, Assessment and Prediction (MARMAP) program, has conducted fisheries-independent research on groundfish, reef fish, ichthyoplankton, and coastal pelagic fishes within the region between Cape Lookout, North Carolina, and Ft Pierce, ... Florida. The overall mission of the program has been to determine distribution, relative abundance, and critical habitat of economically and ecologically important fishes of the South Atlantic Bight (SAB), and to relate these features to environmental factors and exploitation activities. Research toward fulfilling these goals has included trawl surveys (from 6-350 m depth); ichthyoplankton surveys; location and mapping of reef habitat; sampling of reefs throughout the SAB; life history and population studies of priority species; tagging studies of commercially important species and special studies directed at specific management problems in the region. Survey work has also provided a monitoring program that has allowed the standardized sampling of fish populations over time and development of an historical base for future comparisons of long-term trends.
Annual MARMAP cruises to assess relative abundance of reef fishes in the sponge-coral and shelf edge (live bottom) habitats of the South Atlantic Bight (SAB) have been conducted since 1978. MARMAP currently samples natural live bottom habitat from Cape Lookout, NC to the Ft. Pierce area, FL. The current main MARMAP objectives are to:
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Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Marcel Reichert
Dataset Title: MARMAP Florida Antillean Trap Survey 1990-2009
Dataset Release Date: 2009
Dataset Release Place: Marine Resources Research Institute, South Carolina Dept of Natural Resources
Dataset Publisher: SCDNR/NOAA MARMAP Program
Data Presentation Form: Database
Other Citation Details: Retrieve from http://www.usgs.gov/obis-usa
Start Date: 1980-06-21Stop Date: 1989-09-14
ISO Topic Category
Quality The following are gaps in coverage in the system:
The majority of protected areas in the region have an emphasis on protecting
mountain ecosystems (such as the peaks and volcanoes with cloud forests) and
low tropical rain forests. Many areas of endemics and unique ecosystems are not
well represented in ... SICAP. Examples are dry or semi-arid zones, humid mountain
forests of cold altiplanos, zones with nearctic vegetation (oaks, pines,
Liquidambar, etc.) and rare vegetation associations.
Consequently, many important additions need to be made to SICAP, including the
following natural areas: the Maya Mountains in the south of Belize; in
Guatemala, the region of Morazán in the semi-arid zone and the cold altiplano
of the Cuchumatanes; in Honduras, the pine forests on Guanaja Island and the
Tawahka Mountain Reserve zone; Los Morrales de Chalatenango in El Salvador; and
the Arenal Cordillera in Costa Rica.
The protected areas located in the most populated zones of the region
(mid-elevation plateaux and zones of the Pacific coastal plain) are the
smallest and their biotopes the most threatened, because of the length of time
human populations have been there and current social pressures. Urgent
protection is needed for these small vegetational preserves to create areas
which, through ecological restoration, will provide a return of the ecological
goods and services required for wise development in these zones (e.g.
north-western Costa Rica's Guanacaste Conservation Area - see Janzen 1986;
Nicaragua and Guatemala offer the greatest potential within Central America for
the creation of new units of conservation that would protect both ecosystems in
the mountain zones and the lowland rain forest of the Atlantic coast. IRENA
(1993) identified 1320 km² for the possible addition of protected areas in
Nicaragua. Studies carried out in Costa Rica show the necessity to modify some
of the boundaries of protected areas, with objectives (among others) of
improving the representation of vegetation communities, enlarging key habitats,
protecting endemic species and uniting strategic ecosystems (including remnants
of natural resources, and incorporating marine resources).
Other ecosystems, such as mangrove swamps and humid coastal zones, need greater
protection and more effective management throughout the region. National parks,
such as Corcovado (CPD Site MA18) and Tortuguero in Costa Rica, have official
marine portions that need better management.
The region lacks development in management and conservation of marine
resources. Very few wetland coastal parks and marine parks exist - but there
are the Ríos de Cuero y Salado refuge in Honduras (85 km²), Cayos Miskitos (c.
5027 km²) in Nicaragua, and Islas del Coco National Park (24 km²) and Caño
Negro faunal refuge (c. 100 km²) in Costa Rica.
Suitable additions to the Central American system of coastal and marine
protected areas are multiple bays and reefs through Belize; some areas of
mangrove swamp in southern Belize; Punta de Manabique - La Graciosa and Manchón
in Guatemala; Humedales de Caratasca, Laguna de Guaymoreto and Islas del Cisne
in Honduras; Los Cóbanos in El Salvador; the Golfo de Fonseca as a tri-national
micro-region of El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua; Río Grande de Matagalpa
Delta, Tapamlaya and Kukulaya in Nicaragua; and Isla de Coiba in Panama.
The desirability of creating on frontier international borders both terrestrial
and as well coastal marine protected areas has been recognized since 1974, but
not until recent years have real interest and action been demonstrated. The
best known projects include the establishment of La Amistad International Park
between Costa Rica and Panama in 1982/1986 (CPD Site MA17); Trifinio or La
Fraternidad Biosphere Reserve between Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras in
1987; and the International System of Protected Areas for Peace (SIAPAZ)
between Nicaragua and Costa Rica in 1989. These three areas plus the Gulf of
Fonseca, the Gulf of Honduras and the Miskito Cays are six of the eleven areas
given priority under the region's 1992 Convenio para la Conservación de la
Biodiversidad y Protección de Areas Silvestres Prioritarias en América Central.
Many cooperative initiatives between Central American countries demonstrate the
high priority being given to conserving natural resources. Examples include the
Honduras and Nicaragua project for an ecological corridor of Río
Plátano-Tawahka-Río Coco-Bosawas; the Guatemala and Belize project for the
Chiquibul-Maya Mountain area; and the System of Protected Areas of the Gran
Petén (SIAP) which includes Calakmul in Mexico, El Mirador-Río Azul in
Guatemala and Río Bravo-Lamanai in Belize.
Access Constraints None
Use Constraints None
Data Set Progress
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: info at si.edu
Smithsonian Institution P.O. Box 37012
Province or State: DC
Postal Code: 20013
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Global Change Master Directory
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2006-01-26
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-12-21
[Parameters: Topic='BIOSPHERE', Term='AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS', Variable_Level_1='REEF HABITAT']