[Parameters: Topic='BIOSPHERE', Term='ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS', Variable_Level_1='SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS']
The Estuarine Living Marine Resources ProgramEntry ID: NOS00024
Abstract: The Estuarine Living Marine Resources Program (ELMR) program is a developing
project to produce a comprehensive data base on the relative abundance,
distribution and life history characteristics of selected fish and
invertebrate species in estuaries throughout the contiguous United States. The
program utilizes a consistent sampling strategy that enables comparisons to be
... made among species, specific life stages and times of year within, and to a
lesser degree, among estuarine systems. The relative importance of individual
estuaries to specific species also may be determined. When completed, the data
base will contain information for approximately 153 fish and invertebrate
species from about 122 U.S. estuaries.
The spatial and temporal distribution, relative abundance, and life history
characteristics are examined for a variety of fish and invertebrate species
for selected estuaries. Species are selected according to a set of criteria,
which consider their commercial, recreational, and ecological value, as well as
their utility as an indicator of environmental stress. For each species and
estuary, data are compiled on the distribution of five life stages (adult,
spawning, egg, larva, and juvenile) by month and by salinity zone. In
addition, the relative abundance of each species, by life stage, month and
salinity zone, is estimated using a five-point scale, ranging from 'not
present' to 'highly abundant'. Estuarine life history information, which
summarizes how and when each species uses estuaries and what specific habitats
they use, also is compiled.
The ELMR program focuses on marine estuarine systems along the contiguous
United States. The program is organized into four regional components: The
Northeast (57 species in 34 estuaries), Southeast (40 species in 20 estuaries),
Gulf of Mexico (36 species in 13 estuaries), and West (47 species in 32
estuaries) Coasts. Estuaries are identified by the National Estuarine
Inventory. Spatial distributional data are presented for three salinity
zones; tidal fresh (0.0 to 0.5 parts per thousand (ppt)), mixing (0.5 to 25.0
ppt), and seawater (>25.0 ppt), that are delineated for each estuary in the
(Click for Interactive Map)
Start Date: 1985-01-01Stop Date: 1997-12-31
Latitude Resolution: 9 km
Longitude Resolution: 9 km
Horizontal Resolution Range: 1 km - < 10 km or approximately .01 degree - < .09 degree
Temporal Resolution: Monthly
Temporal Resolution Range: Monthly - < Annual
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PROTISTS > FLAGELLATES > HAPTOPHYTES > COCCOLITHOPHORES
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS > MICROALGAE > HAPTOPHYTES > COCCOLITHOPHORES
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > PLANKTON > PHYTOPLANKTON
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: aki.virkkula at fmi.fi
Finnish Meteorological Institute Air Quality Research Erik Palmenin Aukio 1
Postal Code: FIN-00560
Email: risto.hillamo at fmi.fi
Air Quality Research Finnish Meteorological Institute Erik Palmenin Aukio 1
Postal Code: FIN-00560
Gronlund A., Nilsson D., Koponen I.K., Virkkula A., and Hansson M. (2002) Aerosol dry deposition measured with eddy-covariance technique at Wasa and Aboa, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica, Ann. Glaciology 35A, 355-361.
Kerminen V.-M., Teinila K. and Hillamo R. (2000) Chemistry of sea-salt particles in the summer Antarctic atmosphere. Atmos. Environ. 34, 2817-2825.
Kerminen V-M, Hillamo ... R, Teinila K., Pakkanen T, Allegrini I, Sparapani R (2001) Ion balances of size-resolved tropospheric aerosol samples: implications for the acidity and atmospheric processing of aerosols. Atmos. Environ. 35, 5255-5265.
Koponen I. K., Virkkula A., Hillamo R., Kerminen V-M, Kulmala M. (2002) Number size distributions and concentrations of marine aerosols: Observations during a cruise between the English Channel and the coast of Antarctica. J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24 ), 4753, DOI: 10.1029/2002JD002533.
Koponen I. K., Virkkula A., Hillamo R., Kerminen V-M, Kulmala M. (2003) Number size distributions and concentrations of the continental summer aerosols in Queen Maud Land, Antarctica. J. Geophys. Res. 108(D18), 4587, DOI:10.1029/2003JD003614, 2003.
Karkas E., Teinila K., Virkkula A., and Aurela M. (2005) Spatial variations of surface snow chemistry during two austral summers in western Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Atmos. Environ., 39, 1405-1416.
Teinila K., Kerminen V.-M. and Hillamo R. (2000) A study of size-segregated aerosol chemistry in the Antarctic atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 105, 3893-3904.
Virkkula A., Teinila K., Hillamo R., Kerminen V.-M., Saarikoski S., Aurela M., Koponen I.K., and Kulmala M. (2005) Chemical size distributions of boundary layer aerosol over the Atlantic Ocean and at an Antarctic site. J. Geophys. Res. (In print)
Virkkula A., Teinila K., Viidanoja J., Karonen J., Paatero J., Hillamo R., Kerminen V.-M., Koponen I.K., and Kulmala M. (2002) Chemical composition of marine boundary layer aerosol over the Atlantic Ocean between English Channel and Antarctica, during the FINNARP-1999/2000 expedition, Proc. of 8th European Symposium on the Physico-Chemical Behaviour of Atmospheric Pollutants, 'A Changing Atmosphere', Torino 2001, J. Hjorth et al. Eds., European Commission, published on CD and in the internet: http://www.fimr.fi/en/etelamanner/etmanner_projektit/aerosolit2/en_...
Ismo K. Koponen (2003) Observations of tropospheric aerosol size distributions, PhD Thesis, Report series in aerosol science, no. 63. Helsinki.
Kimmo Teinila (2004) Size-resolved chemistry of particulate ionic compounds at high latitudes, PhD Thesis. Finnish Meteorological Institute Contributions, no. 46, Helsinki.
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2007-05-11
Last DIF Revision Date: 2009-03-16