[Parameters: Topic='HUMAN DIMENSIONS', Term='ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS', Variable_Level_1='OIL SPILLS']
Gulf Oil Spill 2010 - Human Health SurveillanceEntry ID: CDC_HS_Oilspill
Abstract: The Gulf Coast Oil Spill has the potential to affect human health in addition to the effects already seen on animal and marine life. CDC, along with the affected Gulf Coast states, has developed a plan to track the potential short-term health effects related to the oil spill in the affected communities. Surveillance systems track changes in the number and severity of illnesses and injuries in a population, alerting public health officials to trends that require further investigation. For more information, visit: <http://emergency.cdc.gov/gulfoilspill2010/2010gulfoilspill/health_s...
Purpose: CDC, with state and local health departments, is conducting surveillance across the four Gulf States for health effects possibly related to the oil spill using national and state-based surveillance systems. These surveillance systems are being used to track symptoms related to the eyes, skin, and respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and neurological systems, including worsening of ... asthma, cough, chest pain, eye irritation, nausea, and headache. If the surveillance systems identify groups of people with these symptoms, state and local public health officials will be able to follow up as needed to investigate whether there is an association between the symptoms and the oil spill. This follow-up is important because the same symptoms could be related to a cause unrelated to the oil spill.
These surveillance systems are designed to look for health trends in different ways but all are designed to provide health authorities with signs of possible health impacts on the people and groups most likely to come into contact with the oil. For instance, one system tracks calls to Poison Control Centers related to the oil spill while another system looks at diagnoses at coastal hospitals. These different approaches to tracking health information may mean that some surveillance systems identify trends that other systems do not. By using multiple systems, CDC and the state and local health departments obtain a more comprehensive picture of the health of people who live and work on the Gulf Coast.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Title: Gulf Oil Spill -- Health Surveillance
Dataset Release Date: 15 October 2010
Dataset Publisher: Centers for Disease Control and PreventionOnline Resource: http://emergency.cdc.gov/gulfoilspill2010/2010gulfoilspill/health_s...
ISO Topic Category
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (404) 639-3311
Phone: (404) 639-3534
Phone: (800) 311-3435
Email: cdcinfo at cdc.gov
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1600 Clifton Rd.
Province or State: GA
Postal Code: 30333
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Email: gsfc-gcmduso at mail.nasa.gov
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2011-07-05
Last DIF Revision Date: 2011-08-29