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Biodiversity of the Gulf of Mexico Database (BioGoMx)Entry ID: BioGoMx_HRI
Abstract: The Biodiversity of the Gulf of Mexico Database (BioGoMx) was based on a comprehensive biotic inventory of the Gulf of Mexico sponsored by the Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies (HRI), Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi, which resulted in the book: Felder, D. L. and D. K. Camp (eds). 2009. Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, ... Texas. 1393 pp.
The biotic inventory was conducted by 140 taxonomic experts from 80 institutions in 15 countries, who were charged with documenting all living biodiversity in the Gulf of Mexico (GMx), as of 2004. The resulting inventory listed 15,419 species in 40 phyla and divisions, arranged in 77 chapters, each encompassing a phylum, class or other taxonomic group. Each chapter has an introduction to the taxon, a short review of the state of the knowledge on the taxon in general, and in particular in the GMx, a checklist of the living species, and a list of references used to document the species in the GMx, its biology, or taxonomic questions.
For purposes of this project, biodiversity of the Gulf of Mexico was defined as that documented to occur in marine habitats, coastal waters and tidal wetlands west of Cabo Catoche, Quintana Roo, Mexico (21°33’N, 87°00’W), that in waters north of a line from Cabo Catoche, Mexico, to Cabo de San Antonio, Cuba (21°51’N, 84°57’W), that from coastal waters and tidal wetlands between Cabo de San Antonio and Punta Hicacos, Cuba (23°12’N, 81°08’W), and that from waters and tidal wetlands of the Florida Straits and Florida Keys on or west of a line from Punta Hicacos, Cuba, to the vicinity of Key Largo, Florida (25°06’N, 80°26’W). This delineation thus included all marine waters and tidal wetlands extending to the eastern extreme of Florida Bay. It excluded Cay Sal Bank as well as the extensive system of islands and estuaries east of Punta Hicacos, Cuba.
The editors of the book attempted to maintain a standard format across the taxonomic groups. The nature of a few taxa, however, required a deviation from the norm, for example the birds lack information on depth range, and parasitic species had the host(s) listed. Because of limited space (on paper), the tabular checklist only allowed a limited space for information. The checklist consisted of six columns listing the updated taxonomy, including all higher taxonomic levels; a few of the more pertinent abbreviations on the habitat and biology; the depth range; the overall geographic range; the distribution within the Gulf of Mexico; and finally some of the pertinent references and end notes explaining taxonomic issues or details on the record of that species.
The species included in each checklist were based on the literature, museum and institutional collections, and observations by professional observers (e.g. in the case of marine mammals). Because of time and space constraints, a listing of the compilation of all records of all species was not possible. Instead, distribution of each species within the GMx was ultimately reported as the expert’s knowledge of the occurrence of the species in four quadrants or eight sectors of the GMx.
The BioGMx database was developed by converting the information in the Felder and Camp book into a database. The original chapter authors were invited to perform the conversion, but only a few (four) authors had the time and/or technical expertise to do so. All of the crustacean chapters (16) were converted by a team of researchers (Gema Armendáriz and Fernando Alvarez) at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), in México City. The remaining 57 chapters were converted by Fabio Moretzsohn, at HRI, in Corpus Christi, Texas. Proofing of the database against the book is currently being performed, and any corrections will be incorporated in Version 2 of the database.
It should be pointed out that the distribution reported in the database DO NOT correspond to individual specimens or observations, but rather represents the probable distribution of the species in the GMx as judged by the expert. In an attempt to refine the resolution of distribution, the GMx distribution was divided in eight sectors and six depth classes. Jorge Brenner, at HRI, developed a set of 48 polygons (8 sectors x 6 depth classes) in a GIS, based on the bathymetry of the GMx, and an arbitrary point, approximately the centroid of each polygon, was assigned to represent each polygon. Potential caveats of this approach include an overestimation of the species true distribution when the GMx distribution was reported (in the book) as occurring in all four quadrants, and in all depth classes spanned by the depth range.
The data available in OBIS-USA includes only the distribution within the GMx and the taxonomy. Some taxa did not have distributional or depth data available, and thus were not available at OBIS.
The complete database, with data on the habitat, biology, depth range, overall distribution, references and endnotes, as well as taxonomy and GMx distribution, is available at GulfBase (www.gulfbase.org). Patrick Michaud, at GulfBase, developed the web services, queries and web interface of the database at GulfBase. Philip Goldstein and Melissa Reed-Eckert, at OBIS-USA, and Edward Vanden Berghe, at IOBIS, assisted in the development of the database for OBIS. More detailed information on the database and its development are also available at GulfBase.
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Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Moretzsohn, F., J. Brenner, P. Michaud, J.W. Tunnell, and T. Shirley
Dataset Title: Biodiversity of the Gulf of Mexico Database (BioGoMx)
Dataset Release Date: January 1, 2010
Dataset Release Place: OBIS-USA
Dataset Publisher: Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies (HRI), Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi (TAMUCC), Corpus Christi, Texas.
Data Presentation Form: Database
Other Citation Details: Retrieve from http://www.usgs.gov/obis-usa
Start Date: 2004-01-01Stop Date: 2009-07-31
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > BARRIER ISLANDS
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > BEACHES
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > CORAL REEFS
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > DELTAS
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > ESTUARIES
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > INLETS
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > INTERTIDAL ZONE
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > LAGOONS
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > MANGROVES
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > MARSHES
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > ROCKY COASTS
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SHOALS
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > PLANKTON > ZOOPLANKTON
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > PLANKTON > PHYTOPLANKTON
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > PLANKTON
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > BENTHIC HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > COASTAL HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > DEMERSAL HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > ESTUARINE HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > PELAGIC HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > REEF HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > RIVERS/STREAM HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > WETLANDS
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > WETLANDS > ESTUARINE WETLANDS
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > WETLANDS > MARINE
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > WETLANDS > MARSHES
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > WETLANDS > PALUSTRINE WETLANDS
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > WETLANDS > PEATLANDS
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > WETLANDS > RIPARIAN WETLANDS
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > WETLANDS > SWAMPS
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > ENDANGERED SPECIES
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > EXOTIC SPECIES
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > INVASIVE SPECIES
Quality Quality assurance procedures are currently being performed, proofing the database against the published book upon which the database was developed. It is expected that any corrections needed will be incorporated in Version 2 of the database.
Positional Accuracy: The distributions were divided into a maximum of 48 polygons. Arbitrarily chosen points, about the centroid of each polygon, is provided for each record that occurred in each polygon.
Access Constraints To view constraints placed on dataset, please see Policy and Disclaimer section (from the panel on the left) on OBIS-USA web site (www.usgs.gov/obis-usa).
Use Constraints If any of the records from the Biodiversity of the Gulf of Mexico Database (BioGoMx) are used in an analysis or report, the provenance of the original data must be acknowledged and the BioGoMx notified. The BioGoMx and the Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies (HRI) and its staff are not responsible for damages, injury or loss due to the use of these data. Acknowledge the use of specific records from contributing databases in the form appearing in the 'Citation' field thereof (if any); and acknowledge the use of the OBIS facility. For information purposes, email the full citation of any publication made (printed or electronic) that cites OBIS or any constituent part. Recognize the limitations of data in OBIS.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Format: Text
Email: fabio.moretzsohn [at] tamucc.edu
6300 Ocean Drive, Unit 5869
City: Corpus Christi
Province or State: TX
Postal Code: 78412-5869
Felder, D. L., and Camp, D. K. (eds.) 2009. Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1: Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. 1393 pp.
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2010-01-04
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-01-24