Satellite and NEXRAD Images from the March 1, 1997 Southern United States Tornado and Flood Outbreak (NOAA/NCDC)
Entry ID: NOAA_NCDC_TORNADOES

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Summary
Abstract: On March 1, 1997, a severe weather situation with tornadoes and very
heavy rainfall erupted along a nearly stationary front from Texas to
West Virginia. At mid-afternoon on Saturday, an outbreak of strong to
violent tornadoes in Arkansas, northern Mississippi, and western
Tennessee resulted in 27 deaths, including 25 in Arkansas. Several of
the tornadoes have been estimated as F4 intensity, with winds in the
207-260 mph range. This was the deadliest U.S. outbreak since March
27, 1994, when 42 were killed in Alabama, Georgia, and South
Carolina. Fortunately in this outbreak, the National Weather Service
issued tornado warnings from 10 to 32 minutes before the tornadoes
struck, using NEXRAD radar to provide much more lead time than
previously possible. Thus far this year, 29 tornado-related deaths
have been reported vs. 24 for all of 1996.

This event also produced unusually heavy rainfall from northeast
Arkansas through western Tennessee and southeast Missouri, and into
much of Kentucky, southern Indiana and Ohio, and West Virginia. In
many areas, the rains fell on nearly saturated ground left by the
snows and rainfall of the past few months. In parts of northern
Kentucky, rainfall rates averaged at least one inch per hour for a
12-hour period on March 1.

NCDC offers satellite and radar imagery detailing this weather
situation. In addition, a precipitation table outlining total
precipitation in inches that fell over the south during the outbreak
is included.

All imagery and additional information is available via World Wide
Web from NCDC.
Link to: "http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/reports/marchflooding/marchflooding.html"

[Summary Extracted from the NOAA/NCDC Home Page]

Geographic Coverage
 N: 42.0 S: 30.0  E: -77.0  W: -96.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: NOAA National Climatic Data Center
Dataset Title: Satellite and NEXRAD Images from the March 1, 1997 Southern United States Tornado and Flood Outbreak (NOAA/NCDC)
Dataset Publisher: NOAA
Online Resource: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/reports/marchflooding/marchflooding.html


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1997-02-28
Stop Date: 1997-03-03


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > ALABAMA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > ARKANSAS
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > GEORGIA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > INDIANA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > KENTUCKY
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > MISSISSIPPI
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > MISSOURI
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > OHIO
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > SOUTH CAROLINA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > TENNESSEE
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > WEST VIRGINIA


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >TORNADOES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION AMOUNT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >RAIN    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >FLOODS    [Definition]
SPECTRAL/ENGINEERING >INFRARED WAVELENGTHS >BRIGHTNESS TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
SPECTRAL/ENGINEERING >INFRARED WAVELENGTHS >INFRARED IMAGERY    [Definition]
SPECTRAL/ENGINEERING >RADAR >RADAR REFLECTIVITY    [Definition]
SPECTRAL/ENGINEERING >VISIBLE WAVELENGTHS >VISIBLE IMAGERY    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >TORNADOES    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
IMAGERY/BASE MAPS/EARTH COVER
INLAND WATERS


Platform
FIXED OBSERVATION STATIONS    [Information]
METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS    [Information]
GOES >NOAA Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites    [Information]


Instrument
NEXRAD >NEXt Generation RADar    [Information]
AVHRR >Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer    [Information]


Project
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]


Keywords
GIF
MPEG
GOSIC
G3OS/


Originating Center
NOAA/NCDC


Data Center
National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/

Data Center Personnel
Name: NCDC CUSTOMER SERVICE
Phone: 828-271-4800
Fax: 828-271-4876
Email: ncdc.orders at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
151 Patton Avenue, Room 120
City: Asheville
Province or State: NC
Postal Code: 28801-5001
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: Online (HTTP)
Distribution_Format: GIF, MPEG
Fees: No Fee


Personnel
SCOTT A. RITZ
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: 301-614-5126
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Scott.A.Ritz at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: Maryland
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA



Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-01-24

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