[Sensor_Name: Short_Name='FLAME-IONIZATION DETECTOR']
LBA-ECO ND-02 AGRICULTURAL AND SECONDARY FOREST SOIL TRACE GAS FLUX, PARA: 2001-2004Entry ID: LBA_ASFSTGF_PARA
Abstract: Fires set for slash-and-burn agriculture contribute to the current unsustainable accumulation of atmospheric greenhouse gases, and they also deplete the soil of essential nutrients, which compromises agricultural sustainability at local scales. Integrated assessments of greenhouse gas emissions have compared intensive cropping systems in industrialized countries, but such assessments have not been ... applied to common cropping systems of smallholder farmers in developing countries. We report an integrated assessment of greenhouse gas emissions in slash-and-burn agriculture and an alternative chop-and-mulch system in the Amazon Basin. The soil consumed atmospheric methane under slash-and-burn treatment and became a net emitter of methane to the atmosphere under the mulch treatment. Mulching also caused about a 50% increase in soil emissions of nitric oxide and nitrous oxide and required greater use of fertilizer and fuel for farm machinery. Despite these significantly higher emissions of greenhouse gases during the cropping phase under the alternative chop-and-mulch system, calculated pyrogenic emissions in the slash-and-burn system were much larger, especially for methane. The global warming potential CO2-equivalent emissions calculated for the entire crop cycles were at least five times lower in chop-and-mulch compared to slash-and-burn. The crop yields were similar for the two systems. While economic and logistical considerations remain to be worked out for alternatives to slash-and-burn, these results demonstrate a potential win-win strategy for maintaining soil fertility and reducing net greenhouse gas emissions, thus simultaneously contributing to sustainability at both spatial scales.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: DAVIDSON, E.A.DE ABREU SA, T.D.DE CARVALHO, C.J.R.FIGUEIREDO, R.D.O.
Dataset Title: LBA-ECO ND-02 AGRICULTURAL AND SECONDARY FOREST SOIL TRACE GAS FLUX, PARA: 2001-2004
Dataset Release Date: 2009
Dataset Release Place: Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A.
Dataset Publisher: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center
Data Presentation Form: Online Files
Dataset DOI: doi:10.3334/ORNLDAAC/950Online Resource: http://mercury.ornl.gov/ornldaac/#fq=fileID:950
Start Date: 2001-11-01Stop Date: 2004-06-30
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS > CARBON DIOXIDE
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS > METHANE
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > NITROGEN COMPOUNDS > NITRIC OXIDE
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > NITROGEN COMPOUNDS > NITROUS OXIDE
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-12-14
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-08-14