Endosulfan in the AntarcticEntry ID: ECA018
Abstract: An ice-core sample taken from the Mackeller Peninsula in the Antarctic region on February 2002 was analyzed for organo-chlorine pesticide endosulfan. Endosulfan has been withdrawn from the registered use in many countries, however it is still manufactured and used especially in developing countries. Despite restrictions on its use, endosulfan and its major metabolite endosulfan sulphate, which is ... of particular concern as it is extremely toxic to mammals and more persistent than its isomeric parent compound, continue to be detected in the environment even in remote areas. Endosulfan sulphate was determined in the ice-core 38 sample at a concentration of 0.3 ng g–1. This result supports the findings of other researchers reporting its presence, even at higher concentrations (up to 136 μg l–1) in remote areas as European remote mountain lakes and Russian and Canadian Arctic.
Start Date: 2002-02-01Stop Date: 2002-02-28
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Data Set Progress
Deger, A.B., Gremm, T.J., Frimmel F.H., Mendez, L., 2003. Optimizayion and application of SPME for tha gas chromatographic determination of endosulfan. Anal. Bioanal.Chem., 376, 61-68.
VilanovaR., Fernandez P., Martinez C. Grimalt J.O., 2001. Organochlorine Pollutants in remote Mountain Lake Waters.J.Environ.Qual., 30, 1286-1295.
Boyd-Boland A., Magdic, S., Pawliszyn, J., 1996. Simultaneous determination of 60 pesticides in water using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Analyst, 121, 929-938.
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2010-06-25
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-01-27