Parent metadata record for all metadata created from the SIPEX II voyage of the Aurora Australis, 2012-2013 season - Sea Ice Physics and Ecosystem eXperimentEntry ID: SIPEX_II
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Abstract: More than 50 scientists from eight countries conducted the Sea Ice Physics and Ecosystem eXperiment 2012 (SIPEX-2). The 2012 voyage built on information and observations collected in 2007, by re-visiting the study area at about 100-120 degrees East. This was the culmination of years of preparation for the Australian Antarctic Division and, more specifically, the ACE CRC sea-ice group who lead this ... international, multi-disciplinary, sea ice voyage to East Antarctica.
Work began at the sea-ice edge and penetrated the pack ice towards the coastal land-fast ice. The purpose of SIPEX-2 was to investigate relationships between the physical sea-ice environment, marine biogeochemistry and the structure of Southern Ocean ecosystems. While the scientists and crew did not set foot on Antarctic terra firma, a number of multi-day research stations were set up on suitable sea ice floes, and a range of novel and state-of-the-art instruments were used. These included:
A Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) to observe and film (with an on-board video camera) krill, and to quantify the distribution and amount of sea ice algae associated with ice floes.
An Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) to study the three-dimensional under-ice topography of ice floes.
Helicopter-borne instruments to measure snow and ice thickness, floe size and sea ice type. Instruments included a scanning laser altimeter, infrared radiometer, microwave radiometer, camera and GPS.
Sea ice accelerometer buoys to measure sea ice wave interaction and its effect on floe-size distribution.
Customised pumping systems and light-traps to catch krill from below the ice and on the sea floor.
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Start Date: 2012-09-14Stop Date: 2012-11-16
AGRICULTURE > FOREST SCIENCE > FOREST PROTECTION
AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL MOISTURE/WATER CONTENT
AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL WATER HOLDING CAPACITY
BIOSPHERE > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > FORESTS
BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > VEGETATION SPECIES
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > HABITAT CONVERSION/FRAGMENTATION > URBANIZATION/URBAN SPRAWL
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > FLOODS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > FLOODS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > INUNDATION
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL MOISTURE/WATER CONTENT
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL WATER HOLDING CAPACITY
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 1998-02-04
Last DIF Revision Date: 2005-03-08