Characterization of intra-, inter-annual variability SST, phytoplankton pigment concentration & zooplankton on shelf zone of Humboldt Current System ChileEntry ID: GLOBEC_044_CHL_008
Characterization of the intra- and inter-annual variability of sea
surface temperature, phytoplankton pigment concentration and
zooplankton on the shelf zone of the Humboldt Current System off Chile
and assessment of their dependence on local forcing using available
and FONDAP gathered data.
Before the FONDAP-Humboldt Program, the temporal and spatial
variabilities of the oceanographic ... conditions and pelagic communities
have been poorly documented in the Humboldt Current System.
An analysis of SST, sea-level and winds (1991-1998) along the
upwelling zone off northern and central Chile show that inter-annual
fluctuations of SST off northern Chile are closely linked to the
thermocline oscillations in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean.
Annual SST fluctuations follow seasonal changes in solar radiation and
wind-driven coastal upwelling.
Off northern Chile (18-24S, out to 200nm), during summer and autumn of
1994, measurements indicated that the highest Chl-a concentrations
(>4mg m-3 ) were always found in the area between 19 degrees 30'S and
21S, in association with an offshore extension of a tongue of cold
nutrient-rich waters, surrounded by eddy-like structures. Chl-a rich
waters were dominated by net phytoplankton in summer but the smaller
phytoplankton (<20um) contributed in equal proportion to the total
during the autumn.
Off northern Chile, time series analyses (December 1991 - January
1998) of female length and abundance of Calanus chilensis, a key
herbivore, show large inter-annual fluctuations. Although SST shows
much inter-annual variation, the seasonal signal appears as the most
important in influencing its biology and its ecological response is
highly dependent on SST variation.
On a year-to-year scale, the abundance of C. chilensis is associated
with the annual regime of temperature but on scales longer than a
year, factors other than temperature appear to regulation population
size. Inter-annual variation of other demographic characteristics of
C. chilensis, like female length, appear to be controlled by remote
fluctuations associated with the El Nino-Southern Oscillation cycle
through temperature. Dominant copepod species appear to be
transported from the coast ot the offshore through filaments and
upwelling plumes, in association with phytoplankton biomass; these
mesoscale features induced local changes in copepod abundance,
composition and distribution.
This description is a member of a collection. The collection is described in
OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > CONTINENTAL MARGINS > CONTINENTAL SHELVES
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PIGMENTS
OCEANS > OCEAN CIRCULATION > EDDIES
OCEANS > OCEAN CIRCULATION > FRESH WATER FLUX
OCEANS > OCEAN CIRCULATION > UPWELLING/DOWNWELLING
OCEANS > OCEAN OPTICS > OCEAN COLOR
OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
CLIMATE INDICATORS > ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS > TELECONNECTIONS > EL NINO SOUTHERN OSCILLATION (ENSO) > ENSO
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > ARTHROPODS > CRUSTACEANS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > PLANKTON > PHYTOPLANKTON
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > PLANKTON
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > COASTAL HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > PELAGIC HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > SPECIES LIFE HISTORY
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > MIGRATORY RATES/ROUTES
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > POPULATION DYNAMICS
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > FOOD-WEB DYNAMICS
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > PHOTOSYNTHESIS
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > PRIMARY PRODUCTION
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > SECONDARY PRODUCTION
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > TROPHIC DYNAMICS
ISO Topic Category
Email: rescribano at uantof.cl
University of Antofagasta PO Box 170
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +44 (0)1752 633401
Fax: +44 (0)1752 633101
Email: globec at pml.ac.uk
GLOBEC International Project Office Plymouth Marine Laboratory Prospect Place
Postal Code: PL1 3DH
Castro, L. R., D. Figueroa, H. Gonzalez, & L. Rodriguez
(a). Mesozooplankton short term variability in response to filaments
and upwelling plumes off northern Chile. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. or
J. Geophys. Res.
Castro, L. R., S, Molsalves, H. E Gonzalez &
C. E. Morales. Ontogenetic changes in distribution of the copepod
Rhincalanus nasutus at the upwelling system off central
Chile. Marine Ecology Progress Series or Deep Sea Research.
Gonzalez H. E., L. Castro, P. Faundez, J. Letelier, C. Morales,
L. Soto, G. Yuras & S. Salinas. Physical and biological features of
upwelling filaments and frontal zones off Concepcion (46 degrees
50`S), Chile, during spring 1998 and winter 1999. J. Geophys. Res.
Landaeta & L. Castro. Spring spawning and nursery zone of the
mid-depth fish Maurolicus parvipinnis, by the coastal upwelling area
of Concepcion,central Chile. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. or Deep Sea. Res.
Montecino, V., R. Astoreca, G. Alarcon, G. Pizarro, L. Retamal &
O. Ulloa. Bio-optical characteristics and photosynthesis in a highly
productive coastal ecosystem. J. Plankton Res.
Morales, C.E., Yefi, D., S. Salinas & N. Silva (I). Temporal and
spatial variability of phytoplankton biomass and associated
oceanographic conditions in the JGOFS transect off Coquimbo (30
degrees S, Chile) during January and July of
1995. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat..
Rutllant, J. & V. Montecino. Multiscale upwelling forcing cycles and
biological response off north-central Chile. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat..
Sanchez, J. & L.R. Castro. Nearshore winter persistence of the zoea
stages of the sandcrab Emerita analoga off Concepcion, central
Chile. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser.
Alarcon, G., O. Ulloa, V. Montecino, G. Yuras & G. Pizarro,
2000. Phytoplankton pigment concentration off Northern and Central
Chile: comparison between estimates from in situ remote sensing
reflectance and SeaWiFS. Ocean Optics-XV, Monaco, Extended Abstract
Extended Metadata Properties
(Click to view more)
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2001-08-09
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-01-27