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Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Cumberland Island National Seashore (Cuis) To Sea-Level Rise
Entry ID: USGS_OFR_2004_1196

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Summary
Abstract: A coastal vulnerability index (CVI) was used to map the relative vulnerability
of the coast to future sea-level rise within Cumberland Island National
Seashore in Georgia. The CVI ranks the following in terms of their physical
contribution to sea-level rise-related coastal change: geomorphology, regional
coastal slope, rate of relative sea-level rise, historical shoreline change
rates, mean tidal range and mean significant wave height. The rankings for each
input variable were combined and an index value calculated for 1-minute grid
cells covering the park. The CVI highlights those regions where the physical
effects of sea-level rise might be the greatest. This approach combines the
coastal system's susceptibility to change with its natural ability to adapt to
changing environmental conditions, yielding a quantitative, although relative,
measure of the park's natural vulnerability to the effects of sea-level rise.
The CVI provides an objective technique for evaluation and long-term planning
by scientists and park managers. Cumberland Island National Seashore consists
of stable to washover-dominated portions of barrier beach backed by wetland,
marsh, mudflat and tidal creek. The areas within Cumberland that are likely to
be most vulnerable to sea-level rise are those with the lowest foredune ridge
and highest rates of shoreline erosion.

[Summary provided by the USGS.]

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Results of the Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Cumberland Island National
Seashore to
Sea-Level Rise.


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Report on the Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Cumberland Island National
Seashore (Cuis) To Sea-Level Rise.


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 31.0 S: 29.0  E: -80.0  W: -81.4

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Elizabeth A. Pendleton, E. Robert Thieler, S. Jeffress Williams
Dataset Title: Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Cumberland Island National Seashore (Cuis) To Sea-Level Rise
Dataset Series Name: Open File Report 2004-1196
Dataset Release Date: 2004
Dataset Release Place: Woods Hole, MA
Dataset Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Data Presentation Form: maps, reports
Online Resource: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1196/


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > GEORGIA


Science Keywords
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >MARINE ECOSYSTEMS >COASTAL >BEACHES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >BARRIER ISLANDS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >BEACHES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >COASTAL ELEVATION    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >EROSION    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SEA LEVEL RISE    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SEA SURFACE HEIGHT    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SEDIMENT TRANSPORT    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SHORELINE DISPLACEMENT >CHANGE RATES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SHORELINES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >STORM SURGE    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >TIDAL HEIGHT    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN WAVES >WAVE HEIGHT    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY >SEA SURFACE SLOPE    [Definition]
OCEANS >TIDES >TIDAL RANGE >MEAN TIDAL RANGE    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT >ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS >COASTAL VULNERABILITY    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >SOCIAL BEHAVIOR >VULNERABILITY LEVELS/INDEX    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
ELEVATION
ENVIRONMENT
OCEANS


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]
MAPS    [Information]
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Keywords
OFR
Open File Report
Coastal Vulnerability Index
Sea Level Rise
Shoreline Change
Tides
Seashore


Data Set Progress
IN WORK


Originating Center
USGS


Data Center
Woods Hole Science Center, Coastal and Marine Geology, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://woodshole.er.usgs.gov/

Data Center Personnel
Name: USGS WHSC COASTAL AND MARINE GEOLOGY PROGRAM
Phone: (508) 548-8700
Fax: (508) 457-2310
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: Online
Fees: No fees


Personnel
ELIZABETH A. PENDLETON
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 508-457-2259
Phone: 508-548-8700
Email: ependleton at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 02543
Country: USA


E. ROBERT THIELER
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 508-457-2259
Phone: 508-548-8700
Email: rthieler at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 02543
Country: USA


S. JEFFRESS WILLIAMS
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 508-457-2259
Phone: 508-548-8700
Email: jwilliams at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 02543
Country: USA


Publications/References
Clayton,T.D., Lewis, A.T., Cleary, W.J., Hosier, P.E., Graber, P.H.F., Neal, W.J., and Pilkey, O.H., 1992, Living with the Georgia shore: Duke University Press, Durham, N.C., 188 p.

Douglas, B.C., 1997, Global sea rise, a redetermination: Surveys in Geophysics, v. 18, p. 279-292.

Elko, N.A., Sallenger, A.H., Guy, K., Morgan, K.L.M., 2002, Barrier island
elevations relevant to potential storm impacts; 2, South Atlantic: U.S.
Geological Survey, Open-File Report 2002-288, 1 folded sheet.

Gornitz, V. and White, T.W. 1992, A coastal hazards database for the U.S. West Coast: ORNL/CDIAC-81, NDP-043C, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tenn.

Gornitz, V.M., Daniels, R.C., White, T.W., and Birdwell, K.R., 1994, The
development of a coastal vulnerability assessment database, Vulnerability to sea-level rise in the U.S. southeast: Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 12, p. 327-338.

Hammar-Klose, E.S., and Thieler, E.R., 2001, Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise, A Preliminary Database for the U.S. Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf of Mexico Coasts: U.S. Geological Survey, Digital Data Series, DDS-68, 1 CD, Online.

Hayes, M.O., 1979, Barrier island morphology as a function of tidal and wave regime, in Leatherman, S.P., ed., Barrier Islands: From the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Gulf of Mexico: New York, Academic Press, p. 1-27.

Hubertz, J.M., Thompson, E.F., and Wang, H.V., 1996, Wave Information Studies of U.S. coastlines, Annotated bibliography on coastal and ocean data assimilation: WIS Report 36, U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, 31 p.

IPCC, 2002, Climate Change 2001, The Scientific Basis; Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: IPCC: Geneva, Switzerland, 563 p. (Also available on the Web at http://www.ipcc.ch)

National Research Council, 1990, Managing Coastal Erosion, Washington: National Academy Press, 163 p.

National Research Council, 1995, Beach Nourishment and Protection, Washington:
National Academy Press, 334 p.

Oertel, G.F., 1979, Barrier island development during the Holocene recession, southeastern United States, in Leatherman, S.P., ed., Barrier Islands; From the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Gulf of Mexico: New York, Academic Press, p. 273-290.

Pilkey, O.H., and Davis, T.W., 1987, An analysis of coastal recession models, North Carolina coast, in Nummedal, D., Pilkey, O.H., and Howard, J.D., eds., Sea-level Fluctuation and Coastal Evolution: SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publications No. 41, Tulsa, Okla., p. 59-68.

Shaw, J., Taylor, R.B., Forbes, D.L., Ruz, M.H., and Solomon, S., 1998,
Sensitivity of the Canadian Coast to Sea-Level Rise: Geological Survey of
Canada Bulletin 505, 114 p.

Thieler, E.R., and Hammar-Klose, E.S., 1999, National Assessment of Coastal
Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise, U.S. Atlantic Coast: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-593, 1 sheet. Online

Thieler, E.R., and Hammar-Klose, E.S., 2000a, National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise, U.S. Pacific Coast: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-178, 1 sheet. Online

Thieler, E.R., and Hammar-Klose, E.S., 2000b, National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise, U.S. Gulf of Mexico Coast: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-179, 1 sheet. Online

Zervas, C., 2001, Sea Level Variations of the United States 1854-1999: NOAA
Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 36, 201 p.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2006-02-21
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-01-27



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